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On Georgian Preverbs

Tamar Makharoblidze
Published Online: 2018-06-15 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/opli-2018-0009


This paper describes the classification of the functions of preverbs in Georgian and the other Kartvelian languages as a contribution to the typology of this issue. Preverbs have different meanings and activities in different languages. The typological classification of the functions of preverbs reveals the four core functions: spatial, temporal, objective and lexical. This paper discusses verbal argument structure alternations encoded by preverbs. I argue that preverbs affect verbal valency changes and stimulate object role-shifting in Georgian verbs and other Kartvelian languages. I also argue that preverbs have a crucial role in object alternation across the languages.

Keywords: preverb; object; valency; verb; Georgian; Mingrelian; Svan; typology; morphology; syntax


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About the article

Received: 2017-07-31

Accepted: 2018-03-19

Published Online: 2018-06-15

Citation Information: Open Linguistics, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 163–183, ISSN (Online) 2300-9969, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/opli-2018-0009.

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© 2018 Tamar Makharoblidze, published by De Gruyter. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. BY-NC-ND 4.0

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