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Open Theology

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Understanding the Text of the Bible 65 Years after the Discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls

Emanuel Tov
Published Online: 2015-01-28 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/opth-2014-0007


The focus of this study is the biblical Dead Sea Scrolls, 65 years after their discovery near the Dead Sea, with the purpose of improving our understanding of the text of Hebrew Scripture. The Qumran finds (more than 200 fragmentary scrolls) reflect textual plurality, and all the biblical texts were probably considered authoritative. At the same time, the 25 Scripture scrolls from sites in the Judean Desert outside Qumran are virtually identical to the medieval MT.

Keywords: Qumran; textual criticism; biblical scrolls; Judean Desert; Masoretic Text


  • Magness, J. The Archeology of Qumran and the Dead Sea Scrolls. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2002.Google Scholar

  • Tov, E. Revised Lists of the Texts from the Judaean Desert. Leiden/Boston: Brill, 2010.Google Scholar

  • Tov, E. Textual Criticism of the Hebrew Bible. 3rd ed., revised and expanded. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2012.Google Scholar

About the article

Received: 2014-07-14

Accepted: 2014-11-12

Published Online: 2015-01-28

Citation Information: Open Theology, Volume 1, Issue 1, ISSN (Online) 2300-6579, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/opth-2014-0007.

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©2015 Emanuel Tov. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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