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Open Theology

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The Pioneering Appearances of Philosophy of Religion in Europe: François Para du Phanjas on the Nature of Religion

Vladimir K. Shokhin
Published Online: 2015-01-26 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/opth-2014-0008

Abstract

Philosophy is, in some sense, the self-reflection of general culture, and perpetual self-reflection has been a primary occupation of philosophy in the West. Consequently, self-reflection is of great importance for dividing philosophical fields into separate divisions, and philosophy of religion is no exception. This paper deals with a thinker who constructed a “philosophy of religion” as a discipline, but was overlooked by historians. The main achievements of François Para du Phanjas (1724-1797), who tried to offer a theory of religion in the theological context, have not lost their significance for today, especially his insights into epistemology of religious beliefs, his conception of “certainty” and classification of “religious evidences”, and the shortcomings of his analysis of “natural religion”.

Keywords: François Para du Phanjas; Sigmund von Storchenau; philosophy of religion; natural religion; revealed religion; theology; deism; apologetics; scholasticism; evidence

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About the article


Received: 2014-10-20

Accepted: 2014-11-24

Published Online: 2015-01-26


Citation Information: Open Theology, ISSN (Online) 2300-6579, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/opth-2014-0008.

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©2015 Vladimir K. Shokhin. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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