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Many Faced Gods: Triadic (Proto-)Structure and Divine Androgyny in Early Manichaean Cosmogony

Timothy Pettipiece
Published Online: 2015-09-21 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/opth-2015-0010


This paper gathers together evidence that the Manichaean cosmogony was originally based on a trinitarian structure (Father, Mother, Child). This basic triad was subsequently expanded into various hypostases as the Manichaean myth evolved over time and across linguistic contexts.

Keywords: Manichaeism; Trinity; Androgyny; Gender; Cosmogony; Coptic; Syriac


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About the article

Received: 2015-06-12

Accepted: 2015-08-05

Published Online: 2015-09-21

Citation Information: Open Theology, Volume 1, Issue 1, ISSN (Online) 2300-6579, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/opth-2015-0010.

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©2015 Timothy Pettipiece. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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