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The Epitaph of Mar Solomon, Bishop of South China, Administrator of Manicheans and Nestorians

Majella Franzmann
Published Online: 2015-09-23 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/opth-2015-0014


The tombstone of the Christian bishop Mar Solomon is an important witness to communities of the Church of the East and Manichaeans in fourteenth-century China. The epitaph consists of a bilingual inscription in Chinese and Syro-Turkic. Three major points will be discussed—the identification of Mar Solomon as administrator of both communities; the use of the term “Manzi” to designate Mar Solomon’s geographical area of influence; and the significance of the style and languages of the epitaph.

Keywords: Manichaeans; South China; Church of the East; Mar Solomon


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About the article

Received: 2015-06-17

Accepted: 2015-08-07

Published Online: 2015-09-23

Citation Information: Open Theology, Volume 1, Issue 1, ISSN (Online) 2300-6579, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/opth-2015-0014.

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©2015 Majella Franzmann. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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