Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details

Open Theology

Editor-in-Chief: Taliaferro, Charles

1 Issue per year

Open Access
Online
ISSN
2300-6579
See all formats and pricing




Further Textual Evidence Pertaining to the Enigmatic ‛Mani-Citations’ of Severus of Antioch

John C. Reeves
  • University of North Carolina at Charlotte
Published Online: 2015-10-14 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/opth-2015-0026

Abstract

The 123rd Cathedral Homily of the early sixth-century Monophysite patriarch Severus of Antioch features a series of textual citations drawn from a Manichaean work. Modern scholars have noted certain affinities these citations share with materials contained in prior Christian polemicists such as Titus of Bostra and Theodoret, and they have offered largely speculative suggestions about the possible identity of the written source. The present paper seeks to advance the critical discussion surrounding this source by calling attention to the existence of what appear to be ‘later’ versions of this same source in some Arabic language testimonia about Mani and Manichaeism.

Keywords: Severus of Antioch; Manichaeism; Aḥmad b. al-Ḥasan al-Misma‘ī

References

  • ‘Abd al-Jabbār b. Aḥmad al-Hamadhānī. Al-Mughnī fī abwāb al-tawḥīd wa’l-‘adl. 14 vols. Edited by Ṭāhā Ḥusayn, et al. Cairo: Al-Shirkah al-‘Arabīyah lil-Tibā’ah wa’l-Nashr, 1958-66.

  • Adam, Alfred, ed. Texte zum Manichäismus. 2d ed. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter & Co., 1969.

  • Alfaric, Prosper. Les écritures manichéennes. 2 vols. Paris: E. Nourry, 1918-19.

  • Asmussen, Jes Peter and Alexander Böhlig, eds. Die Gnosis III: Der Manichäismus. Zürich und München: Artemis & Winkler, 1980.

  • Beausobre, Isaac de. Histoire critique de Manichée et du manichéisme. 2 vols. Amsterdam: J. F. Bernard, 1734-39.

  • Bennett, Byard. “The Conversation of John the Orthodox with a Manichaean: An Analysis of its Sources and Its Significance for Manichaean Studies.” Pages 29-44 of New Light on Manichaeism: Papers from the Sixth International Congress on Manichaeism. Nag Hammadi and Manichaean Studies 64. Edited by Jason David BeDuhn. Leiden: Brill, 2009.

  • Bennett, Byard. “Iuxta unum latus erat terra tenebrarum: The Division of Primordial Space in Anti-Manichaean Writers’ Descriptions of the Manichaean Cosmogony.” Pages 68-78 in The Light and the Darkness: Studies in Manichaeism and its World. Nag Hammadi and Manichaean Studies 50. Edited by Paul Mirecki and Jason BeDuhn. Leiden: Brill, 2001.

  • Black, Matthew. The Book of Enoch, or I Enoch: A New English Edition. Studia in Veteris Testamenti Pseudepigrapha 7. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1985.

  • Blois, François de. “Glossary of Technical Terms and Uncommon Expressions in Arabic (and in Muslim New Persian) Texts Relating to Manichaeism.” Pages 21-120 in Dictionary of Manichaean Texts, Vol. II: Texts from Iraq and Iran (Texts in Syriac, Arabic, Persian and Zoroastrian Middle Persian). Corpus Fontium Manichaeorum. Edited by François de Blois and Nicholas Sims-Williams. Turnhout: Brepols, 2006.

  • Brandt, Wilhelm. Mandäische Schriften. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1893.

  • Brière, M. “Les Homiliae Cathedrales de Sévère d’Antioche, traduction syriaque de Jacques d’Edesse CXX à CXXV,” Patrologia Orientalis 29 (1960): 124-89.

  • Brooks, E.-W., ed. Chronica Minora II. Corpus Scriptorum Christianorum Orientalum 3, scrip. syri, t.3. Louvain: Secrétariat du CorpusSCO, 1904.

  • Flügel, Gustav. Mani: Seine Lehre und seine Schriften. Leipzig, 1862; repr., Osnabrück: Biblio Verlag, 1969.

  • Gardner, Iain. The Kephalaia of the Teacher. Nag Hammadi and Manichaean Studies 37. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1995.

  • Gardner, Iain and Samuel N. C. Lieu. Manichaean Texts from the Roman Empire. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004.

  • Gunkel, Hermann. Schöpfung und Chaos in Urzeit und Endzeit. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1895.

  • Houtsma, M. Th. Ibn Wadih qui dicitur al-Ja‘qubi historiae …. 2 vols. Leiden: Brill, 1883.

  • Hoyland, Robert G. Theophilus of Edessa’s Chronicle and the Circulation of Historical Knowledge in Late Antiquity and Early Islam. Translated Texts for Historians 57. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2011.

  • Ignatius Ephraem II Rahmani. Studia Syriaca IV: Documenta de antiquis haeresibus. Beirut: Seminario Scharfensi de Monte Libano, 1909.

  • Kessler, Konrad. Mani: Forschungen über die manichäische Religion. Berlin: Georg Reimer, 1889.

  • Kugener, M.-A. and Franz Cumont. Recherches sur le manichéisme II: Extrait de la CXXIIIe homélie de Sévère d’Antioche. Bruxelles: H. Lamertin, 1912.

  • Lagarde, Paul Anton de, ed. Titi Bostreni quae ex opere contra Manichaeos …. Berlin: W. Hertz, 1859.

  • Lidzbarski, Mark. Ginzā: Der Schatz, oder das grosse Buch der Mandäer. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1925.

  • Lieu, Samuel N. C., ed. Greek and Latin Sources on Manichaean Cosmogony and Ethics. Corpus Fontium Manichaeorum Series Subsidia 6. Translated by Greg Fox and John Sheldon. Turnhout: Brepols, 2010.

  • Lieu, Samuel N. C. Manichaeism in Mesopotamia and the Roman East. Religions in the Graeco-Roman World 118. Leiden: Brill, 1994.

  • Lieu, Samuel N. C. Manichaeism in the Later Roman Empire and Medieval China. 2d ed. Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament 63. Tübingen: J. C. B. Mohr, 1992.

  • Lupieri, Edmondo. The Mandaeans: The Last Gnostics. Translated by Charles Hindley. Grand Rapids, Mich.: William B. Eerdmans, 2002.

  • Mas‘ūdī. Kitâb at-Tanbîh wa’l-Ischrâf. Edited by M. J. de Goeje. Bibliotheca geographorum Arabicorum 8. Leiden, 1894; repr., Leiden: Brill, 1967.

  • Māturīdī. Kitāb al-tawḥīd. Edited by Fathalla Kholeif. Beyrouth: Dar el-Machreq Éditeurs, 1970.

  • Monnot, Guy. Penseurs musulmans et religions iraniennes: ‘Abd al-Jabbār et ses devanciers. Paris: J. Vrin, 1974.

  • Nöldeke, Theodore. “Ein mandäischer Traktat.” Pages 131-38 in Aufsätze zur Kultur- und Sprachgeschichte vornehmlich des Orients: Ernst Kuhn zum 70. Geburtstage am 7. Februar 1916 gewidmet von Freunden und Schülern, München 1916. Breslau: M. & H. Marcus, 1916.

  • Petermann, H., ed. Thesaurus s. Liber magnus vulgo “Liber Adami” appellatus opus Mandaeorum summi ponderis. 2 vols. Leipzig: T. O. Weigel, 1867.

  • Pines, Shlomo. Studies in Islamic Atomism. Translated by Michael Schwarz. Edited by Tzvi Langermann. Jerusalem: Magnes Press, 1997.

  • Poirier, Paul-Hubert. “L’identification des citations et matériaux manichéens dans le Contra Manichaeos de Titus de Bostra: Quelques considérations méthodologiques.” Comptes rendus des séances de l’Académie des inscriptions et belles-lettres 153 (2009): 1657-88.

  • Polotsky, Hans Jakob. “Manichäismus.” Paulys Real Encyclopädie der classischen Altertumswissenschaft, Supplementband 6 (1935): 240-71.

  • Polotsky, H[ans]. J[akob]. and A[lexander]. Böhlig, eds. Manichäische Handschriften der Staatlichen Museen, Berlin, Band I: Kephalaia, 1. Hälfte. Stuttgart: W. Kohlhammer, 1934-40.

  • Puech, Henri-Charles. “Le Prince des Ténèbres en son royaume.” Pages 136-74 in Satan. Edited by Father Bruno de Jésus-Marie. Les Études carmélitaines. [Paris]: Desclée, de Brouwer, 1948.

  • Reeves, John C. Jewish Lore in Manichaean Cosmogony: Studies in the Book of Giants Traditions. Monographs of the Hebrew Union College 14. Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College Press, 1992.

  • Reeves, John C. Prolegomena to a History of Islamicate Manichaeism. Sheffield and Oakville: Equinox, 2011.

  • Rudolph, Kurt. Theogonie, Kosmogonie und Anthropogonie in den mandäischen Schriften: Eine literarkritische und traditionsgeschichtliche Untersuchung. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1965.

  • Scher, Addai. “Histoire Nestorienne inédite (Chronique de Séert).” Patrologia Orientalis 4 (1908): 215-313.

  • Sfameni Gasparro, Giulia. “Addas-Adimantus unus ex discipulis Manichaei: For the History of Manichaeism in the West.” Pages 546-59 in Studia Manichaica: IV. Internationaler Kongreß zum Manichäismus, Berlin, 14.-18. Juli 1997. Edited by Ronald E. Emmerick, Werner Sundermann, and Peter Zieme. Berlin: Akademie Verlag, 2000.

  • Shaked, Shaul. “Manichaean Incantation Bowls in Syriac.” Jerusalem Studies in Arabic and Islam 24 (2000): 58-92.

  • Taqīzādeh, S. H. and A. A. Šīrāzī. Mānī va dīn-e-ū. Teheran: Ānjuman-e Irānshināsī, 1956.

  • Thomas, David. “Abū ‘Īsā al-Warrāq and the History of Religions.” Journal of Semitic Studies 41 (1996): 275-90. [Crossref]

  • Vajda, Georges. “Note annexe: L’aperçu sur les sectes dualistes dans al-Muġnī fī abwāb al-tawḥīd wa-l-‘adl du cadi ‘Abd al-Ğabbār.” Arabica 13 (1966): 113-28. 56-60.

  • Vasiliev, A. A. “Kitāb al-Unvān: Histoire universelle écrite par Agapius (Mahoub) de Menbidj.” Patrologia Orientalis 7 (1911): 458-591.

  • Widengren, Geo, ed. Der Manichäismus. Wege der Forschung 168. Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 1977.


Received: 2015-09-15

Accepted: 2015-09-28

Published Online: 2015-10-14


Citation Information: Open Theology. Volume 1, Issue 1, ISSN (Online) 2300-6579, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/opth-2015-0026, October 2015

©2015 John C. Reeves. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.