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Open Theology

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Without Boundaries?

Deriving Pluralist Theologies for Projects Using a Theology Without Walls

Anthony J. Watson
  • Brown University, Providence, USA
Published Online: 2016-04-27 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/opth-2016-0025


This article systematically derives a common pluralist theology from the works of theologians Roger Haight and Amir Hussain. It then discusses this emergent definition of pluralism through the perspective of intent, an examination of exclusive claims and the historicity of formative context. Finally, potential approaches and areas are outlined, such as revelation, salvation, and historicity, in which a pluralist theology can advance a Theology “Without Walls.”

Keywords: Roger Haight; Amir Hussain; Pluralism; Islam; Christianity


  • Haight, Roger. Jesus Symbol of God, Maryknoll: Orbis, 1999.

  • Hussain, Amir. “Muslims, Pluralism, and Interfaith Dialogue,” in Omid Safi, ed. Progressive Muslims on Gender, Justice, and Pluralism, Oxford: Oneworld, 2003.

  • Martin, Jerry. “Theology Without Walls: Opening Remarks”, American Academy of Religion Annual Meeting, Session M22-201, San Diego, California, November 22, 2014.

  • Qutb, Sayyid. Islam, The Religion of the Future, Delhi: Markazi Maktaba Islami, 1974.

  • Ratzinger, Cardinal Joseph, et al. “Dominus Iesus” On the Unicity and Salvific Universality of Jesus Christ and the Church, Rome: Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, 2000. World Wide Web http://www.vatican.va/roman_curia/congregations/cfaith/documents/rc_con_cfaith_doc_20000806_dominus-iesus_en.html (accessed April 7, 2016)

  • Ratzinger, Cardinal Joseph, et al. “Notification about the book Jesus Symbol of God by Fr. Roger Haight, S.J.” World Wide Web http://www.vatican.va/roman_curia/congregations/cfaith/documents/rc_con_cfaith_doc_20041213_notification-fr-haight_en.html (accessed April 7, 2016)

  • Turner, Bryan S. Orientalism, Postmodernism and Globalism, New York: Routledge, 1994.

  • Watson, Anthony J. “Listening to God: Using Meta–Terminology to Describe Revelation in a Comparative Theistic Context”, Dialog, 48: 2 (2009) 179–186. [Crossref]

About the article

Received: 2016-01-19

Accepted: 2016-03-04

Published Online: 2016-04-27

Citation Information: Open Theology, ISSN (Online) 2300-6579, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/opth-2016-0025. Export Citation

©2016 Anthony J. Watson . This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)

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