Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Open Theology

Editor-in-Chief: Taliaferro, Charles

1 Issue per year

Open Access
Online
ISSN
2300-6579
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Reformation 500: Any Cause for Celebration?

John Milbank
Published Online: 2018-11-20 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/opth-2018-0045

Abstract

In general the effect of the Reformation has been negative, but this is because it but imperfectly overcame the legacy of later medieval philosophy which was both univocalist and nominalist. In consequence it has encouraged some of the negative features of modernity: capitalism, the emergence of the sovereign state, the disenchantment of nature, iconoclasm, literalism and the disparagement of tradition. However, modern Catholicism has not been altogether free of this legacy and its consequences either. There has also been, to an almost contradictory degree, a positive consequence of the Reformation at its most radical: the pursuit of the ethical for its own sake and a greater sacralisation of all aspects of reality.

Keywords: Protestantism; Scotus; nominalism; Paracelsus; Luther; Calvin; secularisation; ethics

References

  • Alfsvag, Knut. What No Mind Has Conceived: On the Significance of Christological Apophaticism. Leuven: Peeters, 2010.Google Scholar

  • Bagchi, D.V.N. “Luther and Scholasticism”. In Protestant Scholasticism: Essays in Reassessment, edited by Carl R. Trueman and R.S. Clark, 3-15. Carlisle: Paternoster Press, 1999.Google Scholar

  • Bayer, Oswald. Martin Luther’s Theology: A Contemporary Interpretation. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2008.Google Scholar

  • Berman, Harold J. “The Religious Foundations of Western Law”. In Faith and Order: The Reconciliation of Law and Religion. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1993.Google Scholar

  • Bielfeldt, Dennis. “Response to Sammi Juntunen, ‘Luther and Metaphysics’”. In Union with Christ: The New Finnish Interpretation of Luther, edited by Carl E. Braaten and Robert W. Jenson, 161-166. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1998.Google Scholar

  • Boulnois, Olivier. Métaphysiques rebelles: Genèse et structure d’une science au Moyen Ăge. Paris: PUF, 2013.Google Scholar

  • Bouyer, Louis. The Spirit and Forms of Protestantism. Strongsville, OH: Scepter, 2001.Google Scholar

  • Braaten, Carl E., and Robert W. Jenson (eds.). Union with Christ: The New Finnish Interpretation of Luther. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1998.Google Scholar

  • Brady, Thomas A. German Histories in the Age of Reformation,1400-1650. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009.Google Scholar

  • Būttgen, Philippe. Luther et la philosophie. Paris: Vrin/EHESS, 2011.Google Scholar

  • De Certeau, Michel. The Mystic Fable. Chicago: Chicago University Press, 2015.Google Scholar

  • De Lubac, Henri. La posterité spirituelle de Joachim de Flore: De Joachim à nos jours. Paris: Cerf, 2014.Google Scholar

  • Dieter, Theodor. “Luther as Late Medieval Theologian: His Positive and Negative use of Realism and Nominalism”. In The Oxford Handbook of Martin Luther’s Theology, edited by Robert Kolb, Irene Dingel, and L’ubomír Batka, 31-48. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014.Google Scholar

  • Duffy, Eamon. Reformation Divided: Catholics, Protestants and the Conversion of England. London: Bloomsbury, 2017Google Scholar

  • Duffy, Eamon. The Stripping of the Altars: Traditional Religion in England, 1400-1580. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1992.Google Scholar

  • Gillespie, Michael Allen. The Theological Origins of Modernity. Chicago, IL: Chicago University Press, 2008.Google Scholar

  • Gregory, Brad. Salvation at Stake: Christian Martyrdom in Early Modern Europe. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2001.Google Scholar

  • Gregory, Brad. The Unintended Reformation. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2012Google Scholar

  • Hawes, James. The Shortest History of Germany. Exeter: Old Street, 2017.Google Scholar

  • Illyricus Matthias Flacius. How to Understand the Sacred Scriptures: From Clavis Scripturae Sacrae trans. Wade R. Johnson. Saginaw MI: Magdeburg Press, 2011.Google Scholar

  • James, Frank A. “Peter Martyr Vermigli: At the Crossroads of Late Medieval Scholasticism, Christian Humanism and Resurgent Augustinianism”. In Protestant Scholasticism: Essays in Reassessment, edited by Carl R. Trueman and R.S. Clark, 62-78. Carlisle: Paternoster Press, 1999.Google Scholar

  • Juntunen, Sammeli. “Luther and Metaphysics: What is the Structure of Being according to Luther?”. In Union with Christ: The New Finnish Interpretation of Luther, edited by Carl E. Braaten and Robert W. Jenson, 129-160. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1998.Google Scholar

  • Kim, Sun-Young. Luther on Faith and Love: Christ and the Law in the 1535 Galatians Commentary. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 2014.Google Scholar

  • Langland, William. Piers Plowman [B text, parallel text edition with modern translation by E. Talbot Daivdson], edited by E. Robertson and S.H.A. Shepherd. W.W. Norton: New York, 2006.Google Scholar

  • Lewis, C. S. The Last Battle. London: Harper Collins, 2002.Google Scholar

  • Lortz, Josef. Reformation in Germany. New York: Herder and Herder, 1968.Google Scholar

  • Luther, Martin. Commentary on Galatians. Lafayette, IN: Sovereign Grace, 2001.Google Scholar

  • Luther, Martin. “Lectures on Galatians” in Luther’s Works, vol. 26, edited by Jaroslav Pelikan. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 1959.Google Scholar

  • Luther, Martin. “On the Babylonian Captivity of the Church”. In Martin Luther’s Basic Theological Writings, edited by Timothy F. Lull and William Russell, 196-223. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 2012.Google Scholar

  • Luther, Martin. On the Bondage of the Will. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2012.Google Scholar

  • Luther, Martin. “Treatise on Good Works”. In Luther’s Works, vol. 45, edited by James Atkinson. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 1959.Google Scholar

  • Manent, Pierre. Metamorphoses of the City: On the Western Dynamic. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2013.Google Scholar

  • Martin, Michael. The Submerged Reality: Sophiology and the Turn to a Poetic Metaphysics. Kettering, OH: Angelico, 2015.Google Scholar

  • Milbank, John. Being Reconciled: Ontology and Pardon. London: Routledge, 2008.Google Scholar

  • Milbank, John. “Christianity and Platonism in East and West”. In A Celebration of Living Theology: A Festchrift in Honour of Andrew Louth, edited by Justin A. Mihoc and Leonard Aldea, 107-160. London: Bloomsbury, 2014.Google Scholar

  • Milbank, John. “The Ethics of Honour and the Possibility of Promise”. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association, 82 (2008), 31-65.Google Scholar

  • Milbank, John. The Word Made Strange: Theology, Language, Culture. Oxford: Blackwell, 2002.Google Scholar

  • Milbank, John. The Reformation at 500: Is There Any Cause for Celebrations? http://www.abc.net.au/religion/the-reformationat-500-is-there-any-cause-for-celebration/10095254Google Scholar

  • Milbank, John, and Arabella Milbank. “I am Imagynatyf: Some Comments on David Aers’ accounts of Piers Plowman”. Syndicate, March 2017.Google Scholar

  • Milbank, John, and Adrian Pabst. The Politics of Virtue. London: Rowman and Littlefeld, 2016.Google Scholar

  • Muller, Richard A. “Not Scotist: understandings of being, univocity and analogy in early-modern Reformed thought”. Reformation and Renaissance Review, 14:2 (2012), 127-150.Google Scholar

  • Nygren, Anders. Agape and Eros. London: SPCK, 1983.Google Scholar

  • O’Regan, Cyril. Gnostic Apocalypse: Jacob Boehme’s haunted narrative. New York: SUNY Press, 2002.Google Scholar

  • Ozment, Steve. The Age of Reform, 1250-1550: An Intellectual and Religious History of Late Medieval and Reformation Europe. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1980.Google Scholar

  • Pfau, Thomas. Minding the Modern: Human Agency, Intellectual Traditions and Responsible Knowledge. Notre Dame, IN: Notre Dame University Press, 2013.Google Scholar

  • Raunio, Antti. “Natural Law and Faith: The Forgotten Foundations of Ethics in Luther’s Theology”. In Union with Christ: The New Finnish Interpretation of Luther, edited by Carl E. Braaten and Robert W. Jenson, 96-122. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1998.Google Scholar

  • Riches, Aaron. Ecce Homo: On the Divine Unity of Christ. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2016.Google Scholar

  • Rosenstock-Huessy, Eugen. Out of Revolution: Autobiography of Western Man. Providence: RI, 1969.Google Scholar

  • Rosemann, Philipp W. The Story of a Great Medieval Book: Peter Lombard’s “Sentences”. New York: Broadview, 2007.Google Scholar

  • Schwartz, Regina. Sacramental Poetics at the Dawn of Secularism: When God Left the World. Chicago: Chicago University Press, 2008.Google Scholar

  • Shuger, Debora. Sacred Rhetoric: The Christian Grand Style in the English Renaissance. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1988.Google Scholar

  • Simpson, James. Burning to Read: English Fundamentalism and its Reformation Opponents. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2010.Google Scholar

  • Simpson, James. Reform and Cultural Revolution. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002.Google Scholar

  • Simpson, James. Under the Hammer: Iconoclasm in the Anglo-American Tradition. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010.Google Scholar

  • Steinmetz, David C. “The Scholastic Calvin”. In Protestant Scholasticism: Essays in Reassessment, edited by Carl R. Trueman and R.S. Clark, 16-30. Carlisle: Paternoster Press, 1999.Google Scholar

  • Taylor, Charles. A Secular Age. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2007.Google Scholar

  • Thiemann, Ronald. The Humble Sublime. London: IB Tauris, 2014.Google Scholar

  • Tombs, Robert. The English and their History. London: Penguin, 2015.Google Scholar

  • Torrance, Thomas. Space, Time and Incarnation. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1997.Google Scholar

  • Tuck, Richard. Philosophy and Government, 1572-1651. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.Google Scholar

  • Virno, Paulo. A Grammar of the Multitude. New York: Semiotext(e), 2004.Google Scholar

  • Vos, Antonie. “Scholasticism and Reformation” In Reformation and Scholasticism: An Ecumencial Enterprise, edited byGoogle Scholar

  • William J. van Asselt and Eef Decker, 99-119. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2001.Google Scholar

  • Warburg, Aby. Atlas Mnemosyne. Madrid: Akal Ediciones Sa, 2010.Google Scholar

  • Weeks, Andrew. Paracelsus: Speculative Theory and the Crisis of the Early Reformation. New York: SUNY Press, 1997.Google Scholar

  • Wendte, Martin. Die Gabe und das Gestell. Tūbingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2013.Google Scholar

  • White, Graham. Luther as Nominalist: A Study of the Logical Method Used in Luther’s Disputations in the Light of Their Medieval Background. Helsinki: Luther-Agricola Society, 1994.Google Scholar

  • Yates, Francis. The Rosicrucian Enlightenment. London: RKP, 1972.Google Scholar

  • Žižek, Slavoj, and John Milbank, The Monstrosity of Christ: Paradox or Dialectic? Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2009.Google Scholar

About the article

Received: 2018-06-28

Accepted: 2018-10-01

Published Online: 2018-11-20

Published in Print: 2018-11-01


Citation Information: Open Theology, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 607–629, ISSN (Online) 2300-6579, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/opth-2018-0045.

Export Citation

© by John Milbank, published by De Gruyter. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. BY-NC-ND 4.0

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in