Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Organization, Technology and Management in Construction: an International Journal

Co-published with University of Zagreb, Faculty of Civil Engineering

1 Issue per year

Open Access
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Towards lean and green thinking in construction projects at Gaza Strip

Nabil I. El-sawalhi / Bilal Majid Jaber / Abed Al Shukri
Published Online: 2018-12-05 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/otmcj-2018-0011


Background and problem: Integrating lean and green principles while implementing construction project has become an important aspect of modern construction. Lean construction and green building are used to maxi­mize the economic benefits, address quality, reduce waste and minimize the negative environmental impacts in con­struction.

Aims: The objectives of this paper were to measure the degree of knowledge of lean and green approaches in con­struction industry in Gaza Strip and to identify the most important benefits from application of lean and green in construction.

Methodology: Literature review and questionnaire survey were used in this study. A total of 155 copies of the questionnaire were distributed randomly to owners, con­sultants and contractors in the Gaza Strip, and 119 copies of the questionnaire were received.

Results: The results revealed that the awareness level of lean and green construction by owners, consultants and contractors in the construction industry in Gaza Strip is moderate. There are very important benefits of applying lean and green construction such as “reduce non-useful work that does not add value to work”, “reduce the environmental impact of the construction process” and “saving the money needed to complete the project”.

Conclusions: It was concluded that integrating both concepts on projects showed that lean leads to green but not necessarily vice versa. The fields of lean and green thinking, however, have been developed largely independent of each other. There is a big gap in the knowledge and application of the lean construction and the green application.

Keywords: Lean construction; Green building; Lean and green construction; Construction industry; Gaza Strip


  • Abidin, N. Z., & Powmya, A. (2014). Perceptions on motivating factors and future prospects of green construction in Oman. Journal of Sustainable Development, 7(5), p. 231.Google Scholar

  • Ali, H. H., & Al Nsairat, S. F. (2009). Developing a green building assessment tool for developing countries - Case of Jordan. Building and Environment, 44(5), pp. 1053-1064.Google Scholar

  • Al-Maghony, S. S. (2006). Managing and Minimizing Construction Waste in Gaza Strip. Islamic University of Gaza, Palestine.Google Scholar

  • Andrade, J. B., & Bragança, L. (2011). Analysis of the impacts of economic and social indicators to sustainability assessment. In: International Conference Sustainability of Constructions Towards a Better Built Environment. Faculty for the Built Environment, University of Malta, Msida, pp. 163-168.Google Scholar

  • Bae, J.-W., & Kim, Y.-W. (2007). Sustainable value on construction project and application of lean construction methods. In: Lean Construction: A New Paradigm for Managing Capital Projects - 15th IGLC Conference, July, pp. 312-321. doi:CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Baiden, B. K., Price, A. D. F., & Dainty, A. R. J. (2006). The extent of team integration within construction projects. International Journal of Project Management, 24, pp. 13-23.Google Scholar

  • Bertelsen, S. (2004). Lean Construction: Where are we and how to proceed? Lean Construction Journal, 1(October), pp. 46-69. Available at http://www.leanconstructionjournal.org/, Accessed on 3th June 2016.Google Scholar

  • Carneiro, S., Campos, I., De Oliveira, D., & Neto, J. (2012). Lean and green: a relationship matrix. In: Proceeding of 20th Annual Conference of IGLC, San Diego, USA, 18-20 July 2012.Google Scholar

  • Chen, Y., Okudan, G. E., & Riley, D. R. (2010). Sustainable performance criteria for construction method selection in concrete buildings. Automation in Construction, 19(2), pp. 235-244.Google Scholar

  • Dües, C. M., Tan, K. H., & Lim, M. (2013). Green as the new lean: how to use lean practices as a catalyst to greening your supply chain. Journal of Cleaner Production, 40, pp. 93-100.Google Scholar

  • Galeazzo, A., Furlan, A., & Vinelli, A. (2014). Lean and green in action: Interdependencies and performance of pollution prevention projects. Journal of Cleaner Production, 85, pp. 191-200.Google Scholar

  • Gaza Strip. (2017). Engineers Syndicate. List of Engineering Offices. Available at www.enggaza.ps.Google Scholar

  • Herranz Limon, D. (2015). Measuring lean construction - A performance measurement model supporting the implementation of lean practices in the Norwegian construction industry. Master’s thesis, NTNU.Google Scholar

  • Horman, M. J., Riley, D. R., Pulaski, M. H., & Leyenberger, C. (2004). Lean and green: Integrating sustainability and lean construction. In: CIB World Building Congress, 2-7 May, Toronto. International Council for Research and Innovation in Building and Construction (CIB), Rotterdam, The Netherlands, pp. 2-7.Google Scholar

  • Huda, M., Rini, T. S., Paing, J., & Purwito, A. (2013). Analysis of important factors evaluation criteria for green building. The International Journal of Engineering and Science (IJES), 2, pp. 41-47.Google Scholar

  • Hussin, J. M., Rahman, I. A., & Memon, A. H. (2013). The way forward in sustainable construction: Issues and challenges. International Journal of Advances in Applied Sciences, 2(1), pp. 15-24. doi:CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Hyatt, B. (2011). A case study in integrating lean, green, BIM into an undergraduate construction management scheduling course. In: Proceedings of 47th ASC Annual International Conference, 2007. Available at http://ascpro0.ascweb.org/archives/ cd/2011/paper/CEUE304002011.pdf.Google Scholar

  • Issa, N. S. C., & Al Abbar, S. D. (2015). Sustainability in the Middle East: Achievements and challenges. International Journal of Sustainable Building Technology and Urban Development, 6(1), pp. 34-38.Google Scholar

  • Jörgensen, B., & Emmitt, S. (2008). Lost in transition: the transfer of lean manufacturing to construction. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, 15(4), pp. 383-398.Google Scholar

  • Koranda, C., Chong, W. K., Kim, C., Chou, J. S., & Kim, C. (2012). An investigation of the applicability of sustainability and lean concepts to small construction projects. KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering, 16(5), pp. 699-707.Google Scholar

  • Koskela, L. (2000). An Exploration towards A Production Theory and its Application to Construction. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland.Google Scholar

  • Koskela, L., Howell, G., Ballard, G., & Tommelein, I. (2002). The foundations of lean construction. In: Best, R., & de Valence, G. (eds.), Design and Construction: Building in Value. Butter­worth-Heinemann, Oxford, UK, pp. 211-226.Google Scholar

  • Mollenkopf, D., Stolze, H., Tate, W. L., & Ueltschy, M. (2010). Green, lean, and global supply chains. International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, 40(1/2), pp. 14-41.Google Scholar

  • Ng, R., Low, J. S. C., & Song, B. (2015). Integrating and implementing lean and green practices based on proposition of Carbon-Value Efficiency metric. Journal of Cleaner Production, 95, pp. 242-255.Google Scholar

  • Ogunbiyi, O. E. (2014). Implementation of the lean approach in sustainable construction: a conceptual framework. Doctoral dissertation, University of Central Lancashire.Google Scholar

  • Ogunbiyi, O., Goulding, J. S., & Oladapo, A. (2014). An empirical study of the impact of lean construction techniques on sustainable construction in the UK. Construction Innovation, 14(1), pp. 88-107.Google Scholar

  • Othman, A. A. E., Ghaly, M. A., & ZainulAbidin, N. (2014). Lean principles: An innovative approach for achieving sustainability in the Egyptian construction industry. Organization, Technology and Management in Construction: An International Journal, 6(1), pp. 917-932. doi:CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Pezic, A. (2012). Green lean; How sustainability can be integrated into projects through lean concepts. Unpublished Masters’ thesis, Chalmers University of Technology.Google Scholar

  • Rajuvadan Premkumar, H., & Vedapatti Ranganathan, H. (2012). Improving supply chain performance through lean and green: A study at Volvo group in India and Sweden.Google Scholar

  • Ries, R., Bilec, M. M., Gokhan, N. M., & Needy, K. L. (2006). The economic benefits of green buildings: a comprehensive case study. The Engineering Economist, 51(3), pp. 259-295.Google Scholar

  • Rizqa, E. (2016). Promoting green building by investigating sustain­ability concepts in building projects with regard to economic, environment, social, and technical goals. Master Theses. Palestine, the Islamic University-Gaza.Google Scholar

  • Salama, M., & Hana, A. R. (2010). Green buildings and sustainable construction in the United Arab Emirates. In: Egbu, C. (ed.), Proceedings of the 26th Annual ARCOM Conference, 6-8 September 2010, Leeds, UK. Association of Researchers in Construction Management, pp. 1397-1405.Google Scholar

  • Salem, O., Solomon, J., Genaidy, A., & Minkarah, I. (2006). Lean construction: From theory to implementation. Journal of Management in Engineering, 22(4), pp. 168-175.Google Scholar

  • Sambasivan, M., & Soon, Y. W. (2007). Causes and effects of delays in Malaysian construction industry. International Journal of Project Management, 25(5), pp. 517-526.Google Scholar

  • Shi, Q., Zuo, J., Huang, R., Huang, J., & Pullen, S. (2013). Identifying the critical factors for green construction - An empirical study in China. Habitat International, 40, pp. 1-8.Google Scholar

  • US Green Building Council. (1996). Sustainable Building Technical Manual: Green Building Design, Construction, and Operations. Public Technology, Inc, Washington, DC.Google Scholar

  • Vieira, A. R., & Cachadinha, N. (2011). Lean construction and sustainability - Complementary paradigms? A case study. In: Proceeding of the 19th Annual Conference of IGLC, Lima, Peru, pp. 611-621.Google Scholar

  • ZainulAbidin, N., & Pasquire, C. L. (2005). Delivering sustain­ability through value management: Concept and performance overview. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, 12(2), pp. 168-180.Google Scholar

About the article

Received: 2018-01-15

Accepted: 2018-10-16

Published Online: 2018-12-05

Published in Print: 2018-11-01

Citation Information: Organization, Technology and Management in Construction: an International Journal, Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 1827–1838, ISSN (Online) 1847-6228, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/otmcj-2018-0011.

Export Citation

© 2018 Nabil I. El-sawalhi, et al., published by Sciendo. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. BY-NC-ND 4.0

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in