Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
In This Section

Pure and Applied Chemistry

The Scientific Journal of IUPAC

Ed. by Burrows, Hugh / Weir, Ron / Stohner, Jürgen

12 Issues per year

IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 2.626
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 3.210

CiteScore 2016: 2.45

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2015: 0.912
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2015: 0.764

See all formats and pricing
In This Section
Volume 73, Issue 1 (Jan 2001)


Using neoteric solvents in oil shale studies

M. Koel
  • Corresponding author
  • Institute of Chemistry, Akadeemia tee 15, Tallinn 12618, Estonia
/ S. Ljovin
  • Corresponding author
  • Institute of Chemistry, Akadeemia tee 15, Tallinn 12618, Estonia
/ K. Hollis
  • Corresponding author
  • Los Alamos National Laboratory, P.O. Box 1663, Los Alamos, NM 87545, USA
/ J. Rubin
  • Corresponding author
  • Los Alamos National Laboratory, P.O. Box 1663, Los Alamos, NM 87545, USA
Published Online: 2009-01-01 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1351/pac200173010153

The liquefaction, gasification, and other chemical modifications of oil shale are challenging goals of chemistry and chemical engineering. The use of new solvent systems, such as supercritical fluids and ionic liquids, represents new avenues in the search of environmentally benign technologies. Supercritical fluid extraction (SFE) with carbon dioxide is particularly effective for the isolation of substances of medium molecular weight and relatively low polarity. At elevated temperatures it is possible to unite the breaking chemical bonds in the kerogen organic matter and convert the former into oil with extraction using supercritical fluids. Quantitative and qualitative information obtained at different temperatures during SFE is providing some insight into the speciation of hydrocarbons in geological samples. Ionic liquids were studied as potential solvents for kerogen extraction. However, these chemical processes are favored at elevated temperatures up to the thermal degradation temperature of kerogen, 400 C. There were observed significant differences in the chemical composition of extracted oil and from the oil from the classical semicoking process of oil shale. An additional application would be a combination of the two methodsthe use of supercritical carbon dioxide to recover nonvolatile organic compounds from room-temperature ionic liquid without using organic solvents.


International Symposium on Green Chemistry, Delhi, India, 2001-01-10–2001-01-13

About the article

Published Online: 2009-01-01

Published in Print: 2001-01-01

Citation Information: Pure and Applied Chemistry, ISSN (Online) 1365-3075, ISSN (Print) 0033-4545, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1351/pac200173010153. Export Citation

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

Hani M. Alnawafleh and Feras Y. Fraige
Journal of Analytical Sciences, Methods and Instrumentation, 2015, Volume 05, Number 03, Page 35
Hans Luik, Lea Luik, Vilja Palu, Galina Sharayeva, and Andre Gregor
American Journal of Analytical Chemistry, 2014, Volume 05, Number 03, Page 173
K. Anderson, M.P. Atkins, P. Goodrich, C. Hardacre, A.S. Hussain, R. Pilus, and D.W. Rooney
Fuel, 2015, Volume 146, Page 60
Hongfan Guo, Yindong Yang, Kuikui Wang, Yansong Pei, Qicheng Wu, and Yunyi Liu
Fuel, 2015, Volume 143, Page 1
Alexander Bolonkin, Joseph Friedlander, and Shmuel Neumann
Fuel Processing Technology, 2014, Volume 124, Page 228
Hongfan Guo, Jiadong Lin, Yindong Yang, and Yunyi Liu
Fuel, 2014, Volume 118, Page 186
A.K. Abourriche, M. Oumam, H. Hannache, M. Birot, Y. Abouliatim, A. Benhammou, Y. El Hafiane, A.M. Abourriche, R. Pailler, and R. Naslain
The Journal of Supercritical Fluids, 2013, Volume 84, Page 98
Hongfan Guo, Siyuan Peng, Jiadong Lin, Jiang Chang, Shan Lei, Tianbo Fan, and Yunyi Liu
Energy & Fuels, 2013, Volume 27, Number 5, Page 2445
Ejaz Ahmed, Joachim Breternitz, Matthias Friedrich Groh, and Michael Ruck
CrystEngComm, 2012, Volume 14, Number 15, Page 4874
Hong-fu FAN, Zhong-bao LI, and Tao LIANG
Journal of Fuel Chemistry and Technology, 2007, Volume 35, Number 1, Page 32
Kristel Kilk, Natalja Savest, Aleksei Yanchilin, Diane S. Kellogg, and Vahur Oja
Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 2010, Volume 89, Number 2, Page 261
Mamdouh Allawzi, Awni Al-Otoom, Hussein Allaboun, Abdulaziz Ajlouni, and Fatima Al Nseirat
Fuel Processing Technology, 2011, Volume 92, Number 10, Page 2016
J. McFarlane, W. B. Ridenour, H. Luo, R. D. Hunt, D. W. DePaoli, and R. X. Ren
Separation Science and Technology, 2005, Volume 40, Number 6, Page 1245
Joseph F. Birdwell, Joanna McFarlane, Rodney D. Hunt, Huimin Luo, David W. DePaoli, Denise L. Schuh, and Sheng Dai
Separation Science and Technology, 2006, Volume 41, Number 10, Page 2205
N. Savest, V. Oja, T. Kaevand, and Ü. Lille
Fuel, 2007, Volume 86, Number 1-2, Page 17
Gary A. Baker and Sheila N. Baker
Australian Journal of Chemistry, 2005, Volume 58, Number 3, Page 174
W. Matthew Reichert, John D. Holbrey, Kate B. Vigour, Tonya D. Morgan, Grant A. Broker, and Robin D. Rogers
Chemical Communications, 2006, Number 46, Page 4767

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in