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Pure and Applied Chemistry

The Scientific Journal of IUPAC

Ed. by Burrows, Hugh / Stohner, Jürgen

IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 2.350
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 4.037

CiteScore 2018: 4.66

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Volume 73, Issue 8


Green chemistry as systems science

Thomas E. Graedel
  • Corresponding author
  • Center for Industrial Ecology, School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
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Published Online: 2009-01-01 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1351/pac200173081243

Green chemistry does not operate as an isolated subsystem, but within higher levels of corporation and society. From an environmental standpoint, the ideal focus is to achieve optimum performance across the system, not at a single systems level. This paper proposes a four-level system for green chemistry and provides examples of performance at each level that can legitimately be termed sustainable.


IUPAC CHEMRAWN XIV Conference on Green Chemistry:Toward Environmentally Benign Processes and Products, Chemical Research Applied To World Needs, CHEMRAWN, Chemical Research Applied To World Needs, Boulder, Colorado, USA, 2001-06-09–2001-06-13

About the article

Published Online: 2009-01-01

Published in Print: 2001-08-01

Citation Information: Pure and Applied Chemistry, Volume 73, Issue 8, Pages 1243–1246, ISSN (Online) 1365-3075, ISSN (Print) 0033-4545, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1351/pac200173081243.

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