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Pure and Applied Chemistry

The Scientific Journal of IUPAC

Ed. by Burrows, Hugh / Stohner, Jürgen

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Volume 73, Issue 8


Developments in CO2 research

Jacqueline A. Behles
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Chemistry, CB# 3290, Venable and Kenan Laboratories, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3290, USA
  • Other articles by this author:
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/ Joseph M. DeSimone
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Chemistry, CB# 3290, Venable and Kenan Laboratories, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3290, USA
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2009-01-01 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1351/pac200173081281

CO2 can be a good solvent for many compounds when used in its compressed liquid or supercritical fluid state. Above its critical temperature and critical pressure (Tc = 31 C, Pc = 73.8 bar), CO2 has liquid-like densities and gas-like viscosities, which allows for safe commercial and laboratory operating conditions. Many small molecules are readily soluble in CO2, whereas most macromolecules are not. This has prompted development of several classes of small molecule and polymeric surfactants that enable emulsion and dispersion polymerizations as well as other technological processes.


IUPAC CHEMRAWN XIV Conference on Green Chemistry:Toward Environmentally Benign Processes and Products, Chemical Research Applied To World Needs, CHEMRAWN, Chemical Research Applied To World Needs, Boulder, Colorado, USA, 2001-06-09–2001-06-13

About the article

Published Online: 2009-01-01

Published in Print: 2001-08-01

Citation Information: Pure and Applied Chemistry, Volume 73, Issue 8, Pages 1281–1285, ISSN (Online) 1365-3075, ISSN (Print) 0033-4545, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1351/pac200173081281.

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