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Pure and Applied Chemistry

The Scientific Journal of IUPAC

Ed. by Burrows, Hugh / Weir, Ron / Stohner, Jürgen

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Volume 74, Issue 8 (Jan 2002)


Recent advances in industrial carotenoid synthesis

Hansgeorg Ernst
  • Corresponding author
  • Fine Chemicals Research, GVF/B ­ B 9, BASF AG D-67056 Ludwigshafen, Germany
  • Other articles by this author:
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Published Online: 2009-01-01 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1351/pac200274081369

Symmetrical C40-carotenoids are efficiently produced by double Wittig olefination of the corrresponding C15-phosphonium salts with C10-dialdehyde. Industrial syntheses of lycopene-, astaxanthin-, and (3R,3'R)-zeaxanthin-C15-phosphonium salts are discussed. An efficient route to a monoprotected C10-dialdehyde for the synthesis of unsymmetrical

C40-carotenoids is presented. Primary polyene allyl alcohols can be converted to the corresponding aldehydes by "TEMPO" oxidation. A high-yield synthesis of meso-zeaxanthin as an example for syntheses of unsymmetrical carotenoids is presented.


International Symposium on Carotenoids, International Symposium on Carotenoids, CAROT, Carotenoids, 13th, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA, 2002-01-06–2002-01-11

About the article

Published Online: 2009-01-01

Published in Print: 2002-01-01

Citation Information: Pure and Applied Chemistry, ISSN (Online) 1365-3075, ISSN (Print) 0033-4545, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1351/pac200274081369.

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