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Pure and Applied Chemistry

The Scientific Journal of IUPAC

Ed. by Burrows, Hugh / Weir, Ron / Stohner, Jürgen

12 Issues per year


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On the Claims for Discovery of Elements 110, 111, 112, 114, 116, and 118 (IUPAC Technical Report)

P. J. Karol
  • IUPAC: Past Chair of Commission V.7 (Radiochemistry and Nuclear Techniques), Department of Chemistry, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
/ H. Nakahara
  • IUPAC :Titular Member, Commission V.7 (Radiochemistry and Nuclear Techniques), Chemistry Department, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Tokyo 192-03, Japan
/ B. W. Petley
  • IUPAP: Past Chair of Commission C2 (Symbols, Units, Nomenclature, Atomic Masses and Fundamental Constants), Centre for Basic, Thermal, and Length Metrology, National Physical Laboratory, Teddington, Middlesex TW11 OLW, UK
/ E. Vogt
  • IUPAP: Past Chair of Commission C12 (Nuclear Physics), TRIUMF, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1W5, Canada
Published Online: 2009-01-01 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1351/pac200375101601

The IUPAC/IUPAP Joint Working Party on the priority of claims to the discovery of new elements has reviewed the relevant literature pertaining to several claims. In accordance with the criteria for the discovery of elements, previously established by the 1992 IUPAC/IUPAP Transfermium Working Group, and reinforced by the 1999 IUPAC/IUPAP Joint Working Party, it was determined that the claim by the Hofmann et al. research collaboration for the discovery of element 111 at Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung (GSI) has fulfilled those criteria. For elements 112, 114, and 116, the collaborations of Hofmann et al. and of Oganessian et al. produced high-quality data with plausible interpretations. However, confirmation by further results is needed to assign priority of discovery for these elements. The working party was not persuaded that other collaborations have satisfied the discovery criteria.

Project Year: 1998, Project Code: 220/31/98


Published Online: 2009-01-01

Published in Print: 2003-01-01


Citation Information: Pure and Applied Chemistry. Volume 75, Issue 10, Pages 1601–1611, ISSN (Online) 1365-3075, ISSN (Print) 0033-4545, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1351/pac200375101601, January 2009

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Comments (3)

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  • I'd Name 118 Democritum because he started the concept of an atom thus leading to the table of elements

    posted by: Anonymous on 2014-10-09 12:29 AM (Europe/Berlin)

  • I'd also name 110 Aristotum because of his ordeal about the atom thus delaying the table of elements and the atomic theory

    posted by: Anonymous on 2014-10-09 12:34 AM (Europe/Berlin)

  • I would name at least one element (117) after Emil Julius Klaus Fuchs (29 December 1911 – 28 January 1988) He gave U.S atomic bombs secrets to Britain and the U.S.S.R, to maintain the global balance of power. Making him effectively a savior of the earth. have it be called "Fuchsium" wit atomic symbol "Fs". I would also name at least one other element (115) "Unobtanium" with atomic symbol "Un"

    posted by: David Vermillion on 2015-11-27 07:55 PM (Europe/Berlin)