Pure and Applied Chemistry
The Scientific Journal of IUPAC
Ed. by Burrows, Hugh / Weir, Ron / Stohner, Jürgen
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Past, present and futute of cyclodextrin research
1CYCLOLAB Cyclodextrin R & D Laboratory, Ltd., Budapest, Hungary
International Conference on Solution Chemistry, International Conference on Solution Chemistry, ICSC, Solution Chemistry, 28th, Debrecen, Hungary, 2003-08-23–2003-08-28
Citation Information: Pure and Applied Chemistry. Volume 76, Issue 10, Pages 1825–1845, ISSN (Online) 1365-3075, ISSN (Print) 0033-4545, DOI: 10.1351/pac200476101825, January 2009
- Published Online:
The macrocyclic cyclodextrins (enzymic conversion products of starch) were discovered in 1891, and the structures were elucidated in the mid-1930s. Their industrial significance become obvious in the 1970s, and by now thousand of tons of the three cyclodextrins (alpha-, beta-, and gamma-CD) and of their chemical derivatives and inclusion complexes are produced industrially. The outer surface of these doughnut-shaped molecules is hydrophilic, but they possess an axial open cavity, which is of hydrophobic character and capable of including other apolar molecules (or their moiety) in case of geometric compatibility. This is the essence of molecular encapsulation by inclusion complex formation.
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