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Pure and Applied Chemistry

The Scientific Journal of IUPAC

Ed. by Burrows, Hugh / Stohner, Jürgen

12 Issues per year

IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 5.294

CiteScore 2017: 3.42

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Volume 78, Issue 1


Syntheses and applications of conducting polymer polyaniline nanofibers

Jiaxing Huang
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry and California NanoSystems Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1569, USA
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2009-01-01 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1351/pac200678010015

Nanofibers with diameters of tens of nanometers appear to be an intrinsic morphological unit that was found to "naturally" form in the early stage of the chemical oxidative polymerization of aniline. In conventional polymerization, nanofibers are subject to secondary growth of irregularly shaped particles, which leads to the final granular agglomerates. The key to producing pure nanofibers is to suppress secondary growth. Based on this, two methods - interfacial polymerization and rapidly mixed reactions - have been developed that can readily produce pure nanofibers by slightly modifying the conventional chemical synthesis of polyaniline without the need for any template or structural directing material. With this nanofiber morphology, the dispersibility and processibility of polyaniline are now much improved. The nanofibers show dramatically enhanced performance over conventional polyaniline applications such as in chemical sensors. They can also serve as a template to grow inorganic/polyaniline nanocomposites that lead to exciting properties such as electrical bistability that can be used for nonvolatile memory devices. Additionally, a novel flash welding technique for the nanofibers has been developed that can be used to make asymmetric polymer membranes, form patterned nanofiber films, and create polymer-based nanocomposites based on an enhanced photothermal effect observed in these highly conjugated polymeric nanofibers.

Keywords: conducting polymers; memory device; nanocomposites; nanofibers; polyaniline; sensors; welding

About the article

Published Online: 2009-01-01

Published in Print: 2006-01-01

Citation Information: Pure and Applied Chemistry, Volume 78, Issue 1, Pages 15–27, ISSN (Online) 1365-3075, ISSN (Print) 0033-4545, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1351/pac200678010015.

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Somik Banerjee, Smritimala Sarmah, and Ashok Kumar
Journal of Optics, 2009, Volume 38, Number 2, Page 124
Vasant Chabukswar, Navnath Dhomase, Sanjay Bhavsar, Amit Horne, Kakasaheb Mohite, and Vishwas Gaikwad
Macromolecular Symposia, 2010, Volume 298, Number 1, Page 43
C. S. Suchand Sangeeth, Pablo Jiménez, Ana M. Benito, Wolfgang K. Maser, and Reghu Menon
Journal of Applied Physics, 2010, Volume 107, Number 10, Page 103719
C. Feng, K. C. Khulbe, and T. Matsuura
Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 2010, Volume 115, Number 2, Page 756
Joon-Boo Yu, Fei Liu, Jeong-Ok Lim, Hyung-Gi Byun, and Jeung-Soo Huh
Korean Journal of Materials Research, 2007, Volume 17, Number 8, Page 433
N G Deshpande, Y G Gudage, R S Devan, Y R Ma, Y P Lee, and Ramphal Sharma
Smart Materials and Structures, 2009, Volume 18, Number 9, Page 095010
Pablo Jiménez, Wolfgang K. Maser, Pere Castell, M. Teresa Martínez, and Ana M. Benito
Macromolecular Rapid Communications, 2009, Volume 30, Number 6, Page 418
Irina Sapurina and Jaroslav Stejskal
Polymer International, 2008, Volume 57, Number 12, Page 1295
Gordana Ćirić-Marjanović, Miroslava Trchová, and Jaroslav Stejskal
Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, 2008, Volume 39, Number 10, Page 1375
Marc Michel, Frank Ettingshausen, Frieder Scheiba, André Wolz, and Christina Roth
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 2008, Volume 10, Number 25, Page 3796
Seungchel Choi, Sang-Hyun Hong, Shin Hyo Cho, Samdae Park, Su-Moon Park, Ohyun Kim, and Moonhor Ree
Advanced Materials, 2008, Volume 20, Number 9, Page 1766
Luz Cecilia Lopez-Ureta, Eulogio Orozco-Guareño, Luis Emilio Cruz-Barba, Alejandro Gonzalez-Alvarez, and Fernando Bautista-Rico
Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry, 2008, Volume 46, Number 8, Page 2667
Xingwei Li, Na Dai, Gengchao Wang, and Xiaomei Song
Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 2008, Volume 107, Number 1, Page 403
S. Baek, D. Lee, J. Kim, S.-H. Hong, O. Kim, and M. Ree
Advanced Functional Materials, 2007, Volume 17, Number 15, Page 2637

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