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Pure and Applied Chemistry

The Scientific Journal of IUPAC

Ed. by Burrows, Hugh / Stohner, Jürgen


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Volume 79, Issue 1

Issues

Properties and units in the clinical laboratory sciences Part XX. Properties and units in clinical and environmental human toxicology (IUPAC Technical Report)

John Duffus / Ivan Bruunshuus / Rita Cornelis / René Dybkær
  • Corresponding author
  • Standardisation in Laboratory Medicine, H:S Frederiksberg Hospital, Frederiksberg, Denmark
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/ Monica Nordberg
  • Corresponding author
  • Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
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/ Wolf Kuelpmann
  • Corresponding author
  • Institut fuer Klinische Chemie, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Hannover, Germany
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Published Online: 2009-01-01 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1351/pac200779010087

This document describes the introduction of the concept of property in the field of clinical and environmental human toxicology for the presentation of results of clinical laboratory investigations. It follows the IFCC-IUPAC systematic terminological rules and attempts to create a common base for communication between the clinical chemist, the medical practitioner, the human toxicologist, and the environmental toxicologist.

The term designating a substance being a toxicant may be an international nonproprietary name (INN), a generic name, a registered trade name, a fantasy name, or other. This causes difficulties in the transmission of requests and reports on properties involving substances in biological fluids and environmental media to and from laboratories, to the end user, and in the collating of this information from different sources.

The document comprises a list of properties of human and environmental systems involving toxicants for use in transmitting medical laboratory data. The document recommends terms based on the format developed by the IFCC and IUPAC to facilitate interaction between disciplines and unambiguous interpretation of data, e.g., for purposes of risk interpretation. Systematic terms are presented together with a code (identified by the letters NPU) for each.

The complete CNPU Database may be found at http://dior.imt.liu.se/cnpu/info.htm.

Keywords: clinical laboratories; environmental; human; NPU codes; property; toxicology; units

Project Year: 2001, Project Code: 2001-066-1-700

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About the article

Published Online: 2009-01-01

Published in Print: 2007-01-01


Citation Information: Pure and Applied Chemistry, Volume 79, Issue 1, Pages 87–152, ISSN (Online) 1365-3075, ISSN (Print) 0033-4545, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1351/pac200779010087.

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