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Pure and Applied Chemistry

The Scientific Journal of IUPAC

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Definitions of terms relating to the structure and processing of sols, gels, networks, and inorganic-organic hybrid materials (IUPAC Recommendations 2007)

J. V. Alemán
  • Campus Universitario de Tarifa, Las Palmas de G.C., Spain
/ A. V. Chadwick
  • University of Kent, Canterbury, Kent, UK
/ J. He
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
/ M. Hess
  • Universität Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany
/ K. Horie
  • Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Tokyo, Japan
/ R. G. Jones
  • University of Kent, Canterbury, Kent, UK
/ P. Kratochvíl
  • Akademie věd České Republiky, Praha, Czech Republic
/ I. Meisel
  • Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, Germany
/ I. Mita
  • University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
/ G. Moad
  • CSIRO, Clayton South, Victoria, Australia
/ S. Penczek
  • Campus Universitario de Tarifa, Las Palmas de G.C., Spain
  • Polish Academy of Sciences, Lódz, Poland
/ R. F. T. Stepto
  • Campus Universitario de Tarifa, Las Palmas de G.C., Spain
  • University of Manchester and UMIST, Manchester, UK
Published Online: 2009-01-01 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1351/pac200779101801

This document defines terms related to the structure and processing of inorganic, polymeric, and inorganic-organic hybrid materials from precursors, through gels to solid products. It is divided into four sections - precursors, gels, solids, and processes - and the terms have been restricted to those most commonly encountered. For the sake of completeness and where they are already satisfactorily defined for the scope of this document, terms from other IUPAC publications have been used. Otherwise, the terms and their definitions have been assembled in consultation with experts in the relevant fields. The definitions are intended to assist the reader who is unfamiliar with sol-gel processing, ceramization, and related technologies and materials, and to serve as a guide to the use of standard terminology by those researching in these areas.

Keywords: ceramics; gels; inorganic-organic hybrids; IUPAC Inorganic Chemistry Division; IUPAC Polymer Division; networks; sol-gel processing; sols

Project Year: 2000, Project Code: 2000-007-1-400


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    [Crossref], K. Horie, M. Baron, R. B. Fox, J. He, M. Hess, J. Kahovec, T. Kitayama, P. Kubisa, E. Marechal, W. Mormann, R. F. T. Stepto, D. Tabak, J. Vohlidal, E. S. Wilks, W. J. Work. Pure Appl. Chem. 76, 889 (2004).

Published Online: 2009-01-01

Published in Print: 2007-01-01

Citation Information: Pure and Applied Chemistry. Volume 79, Issue 10, Pages 1801–1829, ISSN (Online) 1365-3075, ISSN (Print) 0033-4545, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1351/pac200779101801, January 2009

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