Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Pure and Applied Chemistry

The Scientific Journal of IUPAC

Ed. by Burrows, Hugh / Stohner, Jürgen

12 Issues per year

IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 5.294

CiteScore 2017: 3.42

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 1.212
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 1.546

See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 81, Issue 5


Glossary of terms used in ecotoxicology (IUPAC Recommendations 2009)

Monica Nordberg
  • Corresponding author
  • Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Douglas M. Templeton
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology , University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Ole Andersen / John Henderson Duffus
Published Online: 2009-04-20 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1351/PAC-REC-08-07-09

The objective of the "Glossary of Terms Used in Ecotoxicology" is to give clear definitions for those who contribute to studies relevant to ecotoxicology but are not themselves ecotoxicologists. This applies especially to chemists who need to understand the ecotoxicological literature without recourse to a multiplicity of dictionaries. The Glossary includes terms related to chemical speciation in the environment, sampling, monitoring and environmental analysis, as well as to adverse ecological effects of chemicals, ecological biomarkers, and the environmental distribution of chemicals. The dictionary consists of about 1139 terms. The authors hope that among the groups who will find this glossary helpful, in addition to chemists, are pharmacologists, toxicologists, ecotoxicologists, risk assessors, regulators, medical practitioners, and regulatory authorities. In particular, the glossary should facilitate the use of chemistry in relation to environmental risk assessment.

Keywords: chemical speciation; ecological biomarkers; ecotoxicology; environmental analysis; IUPAC Chemistry and Human Health Division; monitoring; risk assessment; sampling

Project Year: 2005, Project Code: 2005-047-1-700


  • 1.

    , J. H. Duffus, M. Nordberg, D. M. Templeton. Pure Appl. Chem. 79, 1153 (2007).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 2.

    , L. P. Balant, L. Z. Benet, H. Blume, G. Bozler, D. D. Breimer, M. Eichelbaum, U. Gundert-Remy, J. L. Hirtz. Eur. J. Clin. Pharmacol. 40, 123 (1991).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 3.

    IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"), compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson, Blackwell Science, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: <http://goldbook.iupac.org> (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins.Google Scholar

  • 4.

    Online Oxford English Dictionary (2008). <http://dictionary.oed.com/entrance.dtl>.Google Scholar

  • 5.

    G. M. Rand. Fundamentals of Aquatic Toxicology, 2nd ed., Taylor & Francis, Washington, DC (1995).Google Scholar

  • 6.

    S. K. Singh, D. N. Rao. "Evaluation of plants for their tolerance to air pollution", in Proceedings Symposium on Air Pollution Control, Vol. 1, pp. 218-224, Indian Association for Air Pollution Control, New Delhi, India (1983).Google Scholar

  • 7.

    P. R. Paquin, J. W. Gorsuch, S. Apte, G. E. Batley, K. C. Bowles, P. G. C. Campbell, C. G. Delos, D. M. Di Toro, R. L. Dwyer, F. Galvez, R. W. Gensemer, G. G. Goss, C. Hogstrand, C. R. Janssen, J. C. McGeer, R. B. Naddy, R. C. Playle, R. C. Santore, U. Schneider, W. A. Stubblefield, C. M. Wood, K. B. Wu. Comp. Biochem. Physiol., Part C 133, 3 (2002).Google Scholar

  • 8.

    J. M. Last. A Dictionary of Public Health. Oxford University Press, Oxford (2007).Google Scholar

  • 9.

    , G. Hamer. Pure Appl. Chem. 69, 2343 (2007).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 10.

    J. W. Foster. In Oxygenases, O. Hayaishi (Ed.), p. 241, Academic Press, New York (1962).Google Scholar

  • 11.

    , S. A. L. M. Kooijman, J. J. M. Bedaux. Water Res. 30, 1711 (1996).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 12.

    USEPA. Methods for Collection, Storage and Manipulation of Sediments for Chemical and Toxicological Analyses: Technical Manual, Office of Science and Technology Office of Water, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC (2001).Google Scholar

  • 13.

    P. J. Shuba, H. E. Tatem, J. H. Carroll. Biological Assessment methods to predict the impact of open-water disposal of dredged material. Technical Report: D-78-5Q. U.S. COE, Washington, DC (1978).Google Scholar

  • 14.

    , C. F. Conrad, C. J. Chisholm-Brauseb. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 49, 319 (2004).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 15.

    Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary (2007). <http://www.merriam-webster.com/>.Google Scholar

  • 16.

    , D. I. Arnon, P. R. Stout. Plant Physiol. 14, 371 (1939).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 17.

    USEPA. Framework for Ecological Risk Assessment, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Research and Development, Washington DC, EPA/630/R-92/001 (1992).Google Scholar

  • 18.

    , J. A. J. Metz, R. M. Nisbet, S. A. H. Geritz. Tree 7, 198 (1992).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 19.

    J. A. Endler. Natural Selection in the Wild, Monographs in Population Biology 21, Princeton University Press, Princeton (1986).Google Scholar

  • 20.

    , R. B. Root. Ecol. Monogr. 37, 317 (1967).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 21.

    M. C. Newman, D. R. Ownby, L. C. A. Me'Zin, D. C. Powell, T. R. L. Christensen, S. B. Lerberg, B.-A. Anderson. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 19, 508 (2000).Google Scholar

  • 22.

    IUPAC Physical Chemistry Division. Quantities, Units and Symbols in Physical Chemistry, 3rd ed. (the "Green Book"). Prepared for publication by E. R. Cohen, T. Cvita, J. G. Frey, B. Holmstrom, K. Kuchitsu, R. Marquardt, I. Mills, F. Pavese, M. Quack, J. Stohner, H. L. Strauss, M. Takami, A. J. Thor. RSC Publications, Cambridge, UK (2007).Google Scholar

  • 23.

    E. Wilhelm. "Low pressure solubility of gases", in Measurement of Thermodynamic Properties of Condensed Phases, R. D. Weir, Th. W. de Loos (Eds.), p. 140, Elsevier, Amsterdam (2005).Google Scholar

  • 24.

    W. T. Keeton. Biological Science, p. A9, Norton, New York (1980).Google Scholar

  • 25.

    , C. P. Hawkins, R. H. Norris, J. N. Hogue, J. W. Feminella. Ecol. Appl. 10, 1456 (2000).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 26.

    R. J. Tallarida. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 298, 865 (2001).Google Scholar

  • 27.

    C. Raunkiaer. Biologiske Meddelelser 1, 1 (1918).Google Scholar

  • 28.

    H. Caswell. Matrix Population Models, 2nd ed., Sinauer, Sunderland, MA (2001).Google Scholar

  • 29.

    I. Hanski. In Metapopulation Biology: Ecology, Genetics and Evolution, I. Hanski, M. Gilpin (Eds.), pp. 69-91, Academic Press, London (1996).Google Scholar

  • 30.

    T. C. Chamberlin. J. Geol. 5, 837 (1897).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 31.

    , C. W. Dunnett. Biometrics 20, 482 (1964).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 32.

    A. B. Hill. Proc. R. Soc. Med. 58, 295 (1965).Google Scholar

  • 33.

    T. Kuhn. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, University of Chicago Press, Chicago (1962).Google Scholar

  • 34.

    ISO/DGuide 99999.2. International Vocabulary of Basic and General Terms in Metrology (VIM). Third edition (2007). Online version: <http://www.ntmdt.ru/download/vim.pdf>.Google Scholar

  • 35.

    USEPA. Conducting Remedial Investigations/Feasibility Studies for CERCLA Municipal Landfill Sites, Office of Emergency and Remedial Response, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC (1991).Google Scholar

  • 36.

    OECD. Descriptions of Selected Key Generic Terms Used in Chemical Hazard/Risk Assessment, OECD Series on Testing and Assessment, Number 44, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (2003).Google Scholar

  • 37.

    P. Ehrlich, A. Ehrlich. Extinction: The Causes and Consequences of the Disappearance of Species, Random House, New York (1986).Google Scholar

  • 38.

    G. A. Fox. J. Toxicol. Environ. Health 33, 359 (1991).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 39.

    , H. Gamsjager, J. W. Lorimer, P. Scharlin, D. G. Shaw. Pure Appl. Chem. 80, 233 (2008).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 40.

    M. M Tawfik, A. Bahr Amany, A. K. M. Salem. J. Appl. Sci. Res. 2, 1203 (2006).Google Scholar

  • 41.

    H. Selye. The Stress of Life, McGraw-Hill, New York (1956).Google Scholar

  • 42.

    , M. C. Newman, D. R. Ownby, L. C. A. Me Zin, D. C. Powell, T. R. L. Christensen, S. B. Lerberg, B.-A. Anderson. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 19, 508 (2000).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 43.

    , D. Mackay, A. Bobra, D. W. Chan, W. Y. Shiu. Environ. Sci. Technol. 16, 645 (1982).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 44.

    , D. A. Wilkins. Nature 180, 37 (1957).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 45.

    P. G. C Campbell, A. Tessier. In Aquatic Ecotoxicology: Fundamental Concepts and Methodologies, Vol. I, A. Boudou, F. Ribeyre (Eds.), p. 125, CRC Press, Boca Raton (1989).Google Scholar

  • 46.

    P. Schutt. In Biologic Markers of Air Pollution Stress and Damage in Forests, p. 119, The National Academy of Sciences, Washington DC (2000).Google Scholar

  • 47.

    W. J. Mitsch, J. G. Gosselink. Wetlands, 4th ed., John Wiley, New York (2000).Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2009-04-20

Published in Print: 2009-04-20

Citation Information: Pure and Applied Chemistry, Volume 81, Issue 5, Pages 829–970, ISSN (Online) 1365-3075, ISSN (Print) 0033-4545, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1351/PAC-REC-08-07-09.

Export Citation

© 2013 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston.Get Permission

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

Marc Amyot, Meredith G. Clayden, Gwyneth A. MacMillan, Tania Perron, and Alexandre Arscott-Gauvin
Environmental Science & Technology, 2017, Volume 51, Number 11, Page 6009
Céline Roose-Amsaleg and Anniet M. Laverman
Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 2016, Volume 23, Number 5, Page 4000

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in