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Volume 81, Issue 7 (May 2009)

Issues

Discovery of the element with atomic number 112 (IUPAC Technical Report)

Robert C. Barber
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Manitoba, Manitoba R3T 2N2, Canada
/ Heinz W. Gäggeler
  • Corresponding author
  • Paul Scherrer Institute, CH-5232 Villigen, Switzerland
/ Paul J. Karol
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Chemistry, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
/ Hiromichi Nakahara
  • Corresponding author
  • Chemistry Department, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Tokyo 192-03, Japan
/ Emanuele Vardaci
  • Corresponding author
  • University of Naples “Federico II” and Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Napoli, Italy
/ Erich Vogt
  • Corresponding author
  • TRIUMF, Vancouver, BC V6T 1W5, Canada
Published Online: 2009-05-29 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1351/PAC-REP-08-03-05

The IUPAC/IUPAP Joint Working Party (JWP) on the priority of claims to the discovery of new elements has reviewed the relevant literature pertaining to several claims. In accordance with the criteria for the discovery of elements previously established by the 1992 IUPAC/IUPAP Transfermium Working Group (TWG), and reiterated by the 1999 and 2003 IUPAC/IUPAP JWPs, it was determined that the 1996 and 2002 claims by the Hofmann et al. research collaborations for the discovery of the element with atomic number 112 at Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung (GSI) share in the fulfillment of those criteria. A synopsis of Z = 112 experiments and related efforts is presented. A subsequent report will address identification of higher-Z elements including those of odd atomic number.

Keywords: discovery of element 112; doubly closed shell; heavy elements; island of stability; new elements; nucleosynthesis; periodic table; transactinides; transactinoids; transfermium

Project Year: 2006, Project Code: 2006-046-1-200

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Published Online: 2009-05-29

Published in Print: 2009-05-19


Citation Information: Pure and Applied Chemistry, ISSN (Online) 1365-3075, ISSN (Print) 0033-4545, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1351/PAC-REP-08-03-05.

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