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Pure and Applied Chemistry

The Scientific Journal of IUPAC

Ed. by Burrows, Hugh / Stohner, Jürgen


IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 2.350
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 4.037

CiteScore 2018: 4.66

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Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 1.826

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1365-3075
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Volume 82, Issue 11

Issues

Surface effects on optical and electrical properties of ZnO nanostructures

Cheng-Ying Chen
  • Corresponding author
  • Institute of Photonics and Optoelectronics and Department of Electrical Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Ming-Wei Chen
  • Corresponding author
  • Institute of Photonics and Optoelectronics and Department of Electrical Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Jr-Jian Ke
  • Corresponding author
  • Institute of Photonics and Optoelectronics and Department of Electrical Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Chin-An Lin
  • Corresponding author
  • Institute of Photonics and Optoelectronics and Department of Electrical Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ José R. D. Retamal
  • Corresponding author
  • Institute of Photonics and Optoelectronics and Department of Electrical Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Jr-Hau He
  • Corresponding author
  • Institute of Photonics and Optoelectronics and Department of Electrical Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2010-08-06 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1351/PAC-CON-09-12-05

This article presents a comprehensive review of the current research addressing the surface effects on physical properties and potential applications of nanostructured ZnO. Studies illustrating the transport, photoluminescence (PL), and photoconductivity properties of ZnO with ultrahigh surface-to-volume (S/V) ratio are reviewed first. Secondly, we examine recent studies of the applications of nanostructured ZnO employing the surface effect on gas/chemical sensing, relying on a change of conductivity via electron trapping and detrapping process at the surfaces of nanostructures. Finally, we comprehensively review the photovoltaic (PV) application of ZnO nanostructures. The ultrahigh S/V ratios of nanostructured devices suggest that studies on the synthesis and PV properties of various nanostructured ZnO for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) offer great potential for high efficiency and low-cost solar cell solutions. After surveying the current literature on the surface effects on nano-structured ZnO, we conclude this review with personal perspectives on a few surface-related issues that remain to be addressed before nanostructured ZnO devices can reach their ultimate potential as a new class of industrial applications.

Keywords: electrical properties; nanostructures; nanowires; optical properties; surface effects; ZnO

Conference

International Symposium on Novel Materials and Their Synthesis (NMS-V) and the 19th International Symposium on Fine Chemistry and Functional Polymers (FCFP-XIX), Novel Materials and their Synthesis, NMS, Novel Materials and their Synthesis, 5th, Shanghai, China, 2009-10-18–2009-10-22

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About the article

Published Online: 2010-08-06

Published in Print: 2010-08-06


Citation Information: Pure and Applied Chemistry, Volume 82, Issue 11, Pages 2055–2073, ISSN (Online) 1365-3075, ISSN (Print) 0033-4545, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1351/PAC-CON-09-12-05.

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