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Pure and Applied Chemistry

The Scientific Journal of IUPAC

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Volume 83, Issue 10 (Jun 2011)

Issues

Polyaniline: The infrared spectroscopy of conducting polymer nanotubes (IUPAC Technical Report)

Miroslava Trchová
  • Corresponding author
  • Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, 162 06 Prague 6, Czech Republic
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Jaroslav Stejskal
  • Corresponding author
  • Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, 162 06 Prague 6, Czech Republic
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2011-06-10 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1351/PAC-REP-10-02-01

Polyaniline (PANI), a conducting polymer, was prepared by the oxidation of aniline with ammonium peroxydisulfate in various aqueous media. When the polymerization was carried out in the solution of strong (sulfuric) acid, a granular morphology of PANI was obtained. In the solutions of weak (acetic or succinic) acids or in water, PANI nanotubes were produced. The oxidation of aniline under alkaline conditions yielded aniline oligomers. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra of the oxidation products differ. A group of participants from 11 institutions in different countries recorded the FTIR spectra of PANI bases prepared from the samples obtained in the solutions of strong and weak acids and in alkaline medium within the framework of an IUPAC project. The aim of the project was to identify the differences in molecular structure of PANI and aniline oligomers and to relate them to supramolecular morphology, viz. the nanotube formation. The assignment of FTIR bands of aniline oxidation products is reported.

Keywords: aniline oligomers; Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy; IUPAC Polymer Division; nanotubes; polyaniline

Project Year: 2006, Project Code: 2006-018-2-400

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About the article

Published Online: 2011-06-10

Published in Print: 2011-06-10


Citation Information: Pure and Applied Chemistry, ISSN (Online) 1365-3075, ISSN (Print) 0033-4545, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1351/PAC-REP-10-02-01.

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M. H. Mohamed, A. Dolatkhah, T. Aboumourad, L. Dehabadi, and L. D. Wilson
RSC Adv., 2015, Volume 5, Number 9, Page 6976
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Ivana Šeděnková, Jaroslav Stejskal, and Miroslava Trchová
The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 2014, Page 141212144725004
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P.S. Antonel, F.M. Berhó, G. Jorge, and F.V. Molina
Synthetic Metals, 2015, Volume 199, Page 292
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RSC Adv., 2015, Volume 5, Number 1, Page 33
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Frederick Roussel, Roch Chen Yu King, Maju Kuriakose, Mickael Depriester, Abdelhak Hadj-Sahraoui, Carole Gors, Ahmed Addad, and Jean-Francois Brun
Synthetic Metals, 2015, Volume 199, Page 196
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Ali Reza Modarresi-Alam, Homeyra Alsadat Amirazizi, Fahimeh Movahedifar, Abdolkarim Farrokhzadeh, Gholam Reza Asli, and Hamed Nahavandi
Journal of Molecular Structure, 2015, Volume 1083, Page 17
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P. Muhamed Ashraf, K.V. Lalitha, and Leela Edwin
Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, 2015, Volume 208, Page 369
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Jaroslav Stejskal
Progress in Polymer Science, 2015, Volume 41, Page 1
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Mazen Al-Jallad, Yomen Atassi, Eskandar Mounif, Matthieu Aressy, and Abbas Tcharkhtchi
Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 2014, Page n/a
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Technical Physics Letters, 2014, Volume 40, Number 9, Page 807
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Protection of Metals and Physical Chemistry of Surfaces, 2014, Volume 50, Number 5, Page 613
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Katja Junker, Sandra Luginbühl, Mischa Schüttel, Louis Bertschi, Reinhard Kissner, Lukas D. Schuler, Boris Rakvin, and Peter Walde
ACS Catalysis, 2014, Volume 4, Number 10, Page 3421
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R. Suresh, K. Giribabu, R. Manigandan, S. Praveen Kumar, S. Munusamy, S. Muthamizh, and V. Narayanan
Synthetic Metals, 2014, Volume 196, Page 151
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Ronaldo C. Quintanilha, Elisa S. Orth, Aline Grein-Iankovski, Izabel C. Riegel-Vidotti, and Marcio Vidotti
Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 2014, Volume 434, Page 18
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Aleksandra Janošević Ležaić, Igor Pašti, Marija Vukomanović, and Gordana Ćirić-Marjanović
Electrochimica Acta, 2014, Volume 142, Page 92
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Nedal Y Abu-Thabit and Rafil A Basheer
Materials Research Express, 2014, Volume 1, Number 3, Page 035010
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Jaroslav Stejskal, Milena Hajná, Věra Kašpárková, Petr Humpolíček, Alexander Zhigunov, and Miroslava Trchová
Synthetic Metals, 2014, Volume 195, Page 286
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Q. Huang, G. Chen, and J. Liu
Polymers for Advanced Technologies, 2014, Volume 25, Number 12, Page 1391
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T. Plachy, M. Sedlacik, V. Pavlinek, M. Trchová, Z. Morávková, and J. Stejskal
Chemical Engineering Journal, 2014, Volume 256, Page 398
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Guang-Ping Hao, Felix Hippauf, Martin Oschatz, Florian M. Wisser, Annika Leifert, Winfried Nickel, Nasser Mohamed-Noriega, Zhikun Zheng, and Stefan Kaskel
ACS Nano, 2014, Volume 8, Number 7, Page 7138
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Polymer Degradation and Stability, 2014, Volume 109, Page 27
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Una Bogdanović, Vesna V. Vodnik, Scott P. Ahrenkiel, Milovan Stoiljković, Gordana Ćirić-Marjanović, and Jovan M. Nedeljković
Synthetic Metals, 2014, Volume 195, Page 122
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Jinhua Li, Sylvain Bernard, Karim Benzerara, Olivier Beyssac, Thierry Allard, Julie Cosmidis, and Julien Moussou
Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 2014, Volume 400, Page 113
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D.Y. Liu, G.X. Sui, and D. Bhattacharyya
Composites Science and Technology, 2014, Volume 99, Page 31
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Aleksandra A. Rakić, Snežana Trifunović, and Gordana Ćirić-Marjanović
Synthetic Metals, 2014, Volume 192, Page 56
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Jaroslav Stejskal, Patrycja Bober, Miroslava Trchová, Jiří Horský, Jan Pilař, and Zuzana Walterová
Synthetic Metals, 2014, Volume 192, Page 66
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Alejandro Vega-Rios, Jorge L. Olmedo-Martínez, Bárbara Farías-Mancilla, Claudia A. Hernández-Escobar, and E. Armando Zaragoza-Contreras
Carbohydrate Polymers, 2014, Volume 110, Page 78
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Rosanny C. Silva, Marina V. Sarmento, Fred A. R. Nogueira, Josealdo Tonholo, Roger J. Mortimer, Roselena Faez, and Adriana S. Ribeiro
RSC Adv., 2014, Volume 4, Number 29, Page 14948
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Mohamad Hasan Mohamadzadeh Moghadam, Sina Sabury, Mohsen Moazzami Gudarzi, and Farhad Sharif
Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry, 2014, Volume 52, Number 11, Page 1545
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Sofia Teixeira, Robert S. Conlan, O. J. Guy, and M. Goreti F. Sales
Journal of Materials Chemistry B, 2014, Volume 2, Number 13, Page 1852
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Jaroslav Stejskal, Jan Prokeš, and Miroslava Trchová
Polymer Degradation and Stability, 2014, Volume 102, Page 67
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Plawan Kumar Jha, Barun Dhara, and Nirmalya Ballav
RSC Advances, 2014, Volume 4, Number 19, Page 9851
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Katja Junker, Reinhard Kissner, Boris Rakvin, Zengwei Guo, Martin Willeke, Stephan Busato, Thomas Weber, and Peter Walde
Enzyme and Microbial Technology, 2014, Volume 55, Page 72
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K.G. Chathuranga Senarathna, M.M.M.G.P.G. Mantilaka, T.A. Nirmal Peiris, H.M.T.G.A. Pitawala, D.G.G.P. Karunaratne, and R.M.G. Rajapakse
Electrochimica Acta, 2014, Volume 117, Page 460
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Habib Ashassi-Sorkhabi and Moosa Es’haghi
Journal of Coatings Technology and Research, 2014, Volume 11, Number 3, Page 371
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Pandi Boomi, Halliah Gurumallesh Prabu, and Jayaraman Mathiyarasu
European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 2014, Volume 72, Page 18
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Ana Cláudia De Abreu Rosa, Cintia Marques Correa, Roselena Faez, Marcos Augusto Bizeto, and Fernanda Ferraz Camilo
RSC Advances, 2013, Volume 3, Number 48, Page 26142
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RSC Advances, 2013, Volume 3, Number 46, Page 24423
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Electrochimica Acta, 2014, Volume 122, Page 28
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Habtom Desta Asfaw, Matthew Roberts, Reza Younesi, and Kristina Edström
Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 2013, Volume 1, Number 44, Page 13750
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Patrycja Bober, Jaroslav Stejskal, Miroslava Trchová, and Jan Prokeš
Electrochimica Acta, 2014, Volume 122, Page 259
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V. V. Abalyaeva, N. N. Dremova, and N. N. Vershinin
Russian Journal of Electrochemistry, 2013, Volume 49, Number 9, Page 863
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Zoran D. Zujovic, Michel Nieuwoudt, Graham A. Bowmaker, and Paul A. Kilmartin
Polymer, 2013, Volume 54, Number 23, Page 6363
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Synthetic Metals, 2013, Volume 181, Page 104
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P.S Remya Devi, Himal Bhatt, M.N. Deo, Rakesh Verma, and A.V.R. Reddy
Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 2014, Volume 96, Page 75
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Synthetic Metals, 2013, Volume 181, Page 27
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O.L. Gribkova, A.A. Nekrasov, V.F. Ivanov, O.A. Kozarenko, O.Yu. Posudievsky, A.V. Vannikov, V.G. Koshechko, and V.D. Pokhodenko
Synthetic Metals, 2013, Volume 180, Page 64
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Michal Bláha, Martin Varga, Jan Prokeš, Alexander Zhigunov, and Jiří Vohlídal
European Polymer Journal, 2013, Volume 49, Number 12, Page 3904
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Habib Ashassi-Sorkhabi and Moosa Es’haghi
Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, 2013, Volume 22, Number 12, Page 3755
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Lifen Xiao, Yuliang Cao, Jie Xiao, Birgit Schwenzer, Mark H. Engelhard, Laxmikant V. Saraf, Zimin Nie, Gregory J. Exarhos, and Jun Liu
Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 2013, Volume 1, Number 33, Page 9517
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Chitragara Basavaraja, Jin Kyoung Kim, Phung Xuan Thinh, Gyu Ho Jung, and Do Sung Huh
Polymer Composites, 2013, Volume 34, Number 10, Page 1655
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Saurabh Kumar, Kishore Kumar Jagadeesan, Amish G. Joshi, and Gajjala Sumana
RSC Advances, 2013, Volume 3, Number 29, Page 11846
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B.H.F. Moura, R.H.B. Assis, P.I.B.M. Franco, N.R. Antoniosi Filho, and D. Rabelo
Reactive and Functional Polymers, 2013, Volume 73, Number 9, Page 1255
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David Sarauli, Chenggang Xu, Birgit Dietzel, Burkhard Schulz, and Fred Lisdat
Acta Biomaterialia, 2013, Volume 9, Number 9, Page 8290
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Venu Gopal Bairi, Shawn E. Bourdo, Joshua A. Moore, Laura K. Schnackenberg, Brian C. Berry, Alexandru S. Biris, and Tito Viswanathan
Journal of Polymer Research, 2013, Volume 20, Number 7
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Ritwik Panigrahi and Suneel Kumar Srivastava
RSC Advances, 2013, Volume 3, Number 21, Page 7808
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Pandi Boomi and Halliah Gurumallesh Prabu
Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 2013, Volume 429, Page 51
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Cássio Cardoso Santos Pedroso, Vânia Junqueira, Carla Patrícia Lacerda Rubinger, Tereza Silva Martins, and Roselena Faez
Synthetic Metals, 2013, Volume 170, Page 11
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David Pahovnik, Ema Žagar, Ksenija Kogej, Jiři Vohlídal, and Majda Žigon
European Polymer Journal, 2013, Volume 49, Number 6, Page 1381
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K. A. Milakin, A. N. Korovin, E. V. Moroz, K. Levon, A. Guiseppi-Elie, and V. G. Sergeyev
Electroanalysis, 2013, Volume 25, Number 5, Page 1323
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Zuzana Morávková, Miroslava Trchová, Elena Tomšík, Alexander Zhigunov, and Jaroslav Stejskal
The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2013, Volume 117, Number 5, Page 2289
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H.R. Amaral, S. Kogikoski, E.R. Silva, J.A. Souza, and W.A. Alves
Materials Chemistry and Physics, 2012, Volume 137, Number 2, Page 628
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Yanchai Zhao, Elena Tomšík, Jixiao Wang, Zuzana Morávková, Alexander Zhigunov, Jaroslav Stejskal, and Miroslava Trchová
Chemistry - An Asian Journal, 2013, Volume 8, Number 1, Page 129
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Claudio H.B. Silva, Daniela C. Ferreira, Rômulo A. Ando, and Marcia L.A. Temperini
Chemical Physics Letters, 2012, Volume 551, Page 130
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Jordi Casanovas, Manel Canales, Georgina Fabregat, Alvaro Meneguzzi, and Carlos Alemán
The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 2012, Volume 116, Number 24, Page 7342
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Nicola Menegazzo, Devon Boyne, Holt Bui, Thomas P. Beebe, and Karl S. Booksh
Analytical Chemistry, 2012, Volume 84, Number 13, Page 5770
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Zuzana Morávková, Miroslava Trchová, Elena Tomšík, Juraj Čechvala, and Jaroslav Stejskal
Polymer Degradation and Stability, 2012, Volume 97, Number 8, Page 1405
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Kishore Kumar Jagadeesan, Saurabh Kumar, and Gajjala Sumana
Electrochemistry Communications, 2012, Volume 20, Page 71
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David Sarauli, Chenggang Xu, Birgit Dietzel, Konstanze Stiba, Silke Leimkühler, Burkhard Schulz, and Fred Lisdat
Soft Matter, 2012, Volume 8, Number 14, Page 3848
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Elçin Coşkun, Erasto A. Zaragoza-Contreras, and Horacio J. Salavagione
Carbon, 2012, Volume 50, Number 6, Page 2235
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Journal of Molecular Structure, 2012, Volume 1013, Page 156
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Polymer International, 2012, Volume 61, Number 2, Page 240

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