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Pure and Applied Chemistry

The Scientific Journal of IUPAC

Ed. by Burrows, Hugh / Stohner, Jürgen


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1365-3075
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Volume 84, Issue 2

Issues

Determination of inorganic arsenic in seafood: Emphasizing the need for certified reference materials

Ásta Heiðrún Pétursdóttir
  • Corresponding author
  • Food Safety, Environment and Genetics Department, Matís. Vínlandsleið 12, 113 Reykjavik, Iceland
  • Other articles by this author:
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/ Helga Gunnlaugsdóttir
  • Corresponding author
  • Food Safety, Environment and Genetics Department, Matís. Vínlandsleið 12, 113 Reykjavik, Iceland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Hrönn Jörundsdóttir
  • Corresponding author
  • Food Safety, Environment and Genetics Department, Matís. Vínlandsleið 12, 113 Reykjavik, Iceland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Andrea Raab
  • Corresponding author
  • TESLA (Trace Element Speciation Laboratory), University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen AB24 3UE, Scotland, UK
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Eva M. Krupp
  • Corresponding author
  • TESLA (Trace Element Speciation Laboratory), University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen AB24 3UE, Scotland, UK
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Jörg Feldmann
  • Corresponding author
  • TESLA (Trace Element Speciation Laboratory), University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen AB24 3UE, Scotland, UK
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2012-01-10 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1351/PAC-CON-11-10-03

To evaluate the accuracy and robustness of an extraction method, utilizing an -alkaline-ethanolic solution and microwave heating, the certified reference material (CRM) TORT-2 was subjected to three different instrumental methodologies: high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), coupled with and without post-column hydride generation; inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS); and HPLC-hydride generation-atomic fluorescence spectrometry (HPLC-HG-AFS). The three methods gave a consistent value of inorganic arsenic (As) which is near the mean value of the reported values in the literature, which, however, range by a factor of 10. Inorganic As, defined here as all As species that do not have an As–C bond, that is, the sum of arsenite and arsenate and any thiol-bound As, was found to be less than 4 % of total As concentration in 12 samples of fish meal when subjected to this extraction method followed by HPLC-ICP-MS. To date, there is no certified value of inorganic As in a seafood-based reference material to compare to in order to validate the findings. This illustrates the difficulties in quantitative determination of inorganic As in seafood and the need for a reference material for inorganic As and proficiency tests in order to introduce legislation for a maximum level of inorganic As in seafood and feed.

Keywords: analytical chemistry; arsenic; food chemistry; speciation

Conference

International IUPAC Symposium on Trace Elements in Food (TEF-4), International Symposium on Trace Elements in Food, TEF, Trace Elements in Food, 4th, Aberdeen, UK, 2011-06-19–2011-06-22

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About the article

Published Online: 2012-01-10

Published in Print: 2012-01-10


Citation Information: Pure and Applied Chemistry, Volume 84, Issue 2, Pages 191–202, ISSN (Online) 1365-3075, ISSN (Print) 0033-4545, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1351/PAC-CON-11-10-03.

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