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Pure and Applied Chemistry

The Scientific Journal of IUPAC

Ed. by Burrows, Hugh / Weir, Ron / Stohner, Jürgen

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Volume 84, Issue 3 (Oct 2011)

Issues

Cyclic carbonates as monomers for phosgene- and isocyanate-free polyurethanes and polycarbonates

Sang-Hyun Pyo
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Biotechnology, Center for Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Lund University, Box 124, SE-221 00 Lund, Sweden
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Per Persson / M. Amin Mollaahmad
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Biotechnology, Center for Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Lund University, Box 124, SE-221 00 Lund, Sweden
  • Other articles by this author:
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/ Kent Sörensen / Stefan Lundmark / Rajni Hatti-Kaul
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Biotechnology, Center for Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Lund University, Box 124, SE-221 00 Lund, Sweden
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Published Online: 2011-10-21 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1351/PAC-CON-11-06-14

Polyurethanes and polycarbonates are widely used in a variety of applications including engineering, optical devices, and high-performance adhesives and coatings, etc., and are expected to find use also in the biomedical field owing to their biocompatibility and low toxicity. However, these polymers are currently produced using hazardous phosgene and isocyanates, which are derived from the reaction between an amine and phosgene. Extensive safety procedures are required to prevent exposure to phosgene and isocyanate because of its high toxicity. Therefore, the demand for the production of isocyanate-free polymers has now emerged. Among the alternative greener routes that have been proposed, a popular way is the ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of cyclic carbonate in bulk or solution, usually using metallic catalyst, metal-free initiator, or biocatalyst. This review presents the recent developments in the preparation and application of cyclic carbonates as monomers for ROP, with emphasis on phosgene- and isocyanate-free polymerization to produce aliphatic polycarbonates and polyurethanes and their copolymers.

Keywords: aliphatic polyurethanes and polycarbonates; biocatalysis; biotechnology; cyclic carbonates; green chemistry; phosgene- and isocyanate-free polymerization; polymers; ring-opening polymerization; ring-opening reactions

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About the article

Published Online: 2011-10-21

Published in Print: 2011-10-21


Citation Information: Pure and Applied Chemistry, ISSN (Online) 1365-3075, ISSN (Print) 0033-4545, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1351/PAC-CON-11-06-14.

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Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 2017, Volume 134, Number 45, Page 44941
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ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2017, Volume 9, Number 1, Page 836
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Tetrahedron, 2016, Volume 72, Number 42, Page 6616
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ACS Macro Letters, 2016, Volume 5, Number 4, Page 424
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Journal of Biotechnology, 2016, Volume 221, Page 62
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Polymer, 2015, Volume 80, Page 228
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Macromolecular Chemistry and Physics, 2014, Volume 215, Number 22, Page 2161
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Green Chemistry, 2013, Volume 15, Number 6, Page 1431
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