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Pure and Applied Chemistry

The Scientific Journal of IUPAC

Ed. by Burrows, Hugh / Stohner, Jürgen

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Volume 84, Issue 4


Double-stranded polymeric ladderphanes

Tien-Yau Luh
Published Online: 2012-02-23 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1351/PAC-CON-11-09-25

Double-stranded polymeric ladderphanes are obtained by ring-opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP) of bisnorbornene derivatives by the first generation of Grubbs catalyst (G-I). A range of two- and three-dimensional organic and organometallic linkers are used to connect two norbornene units. The structures of these double-stranded polymers are proved by spectroscopic means and scanning tunneling microscopic (STM) images. Hydrolytic cleavages of these ladderphanes give the corresponding single-stranded polymers with the same degree of polymerization and polydispersity as those of the double-stranded counterparts. Helical polymeric ladderphanes are also synthesized similarly when chiral linkers are used. Strong intereactions between adjacent linkers have been revealed by their physical properties in these polymers. Chemical modification of ladderphanes is achieved by bis-dihydroxylation, diimide reduction of double bonds, and electrochemical oxidation of linkers. Unsymmetrical ladderphanes with well-defined lengths and narrow dispersity are also obtained by replication and by sequential polymerization.

Keywords: double-stranded ladderphanes; olefin metathesis; organometallic chemistry; polymerization; polynorobornenes; replication; scanning tunneling microscopy; tacticity


International Symposium on Novel Aromatic Compounds (ISNA-14), International Symposium on Novel Aromatic Compounds, ISNA, Novel Aromatic Compounds, 14th, Eugene, USA, 2011-07-24–2011-07-29


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About the article

Published Online: 2012-02-23

Published in Print: 2012-02-23

Citation Information: Pure and Applied Chemistry, Volume 84, Issue 4, Pages 879–891, ISSN (Online) 1365-3075, ISSN (Print) 0033-4545, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1351/PAC-CON-11-09-25.

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