Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Pure and Applied Chemistry

The Scientific Journal of IUPAC

Ed. by Burrows, Hugh / Weir, Ron / Stohner, Jürgen

12 Issues per year


IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 2.626
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 3.210

CiteScore 2016: 2.45

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.972
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 1.049

Online
ISSN
1365-3075
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 87, Issue 7 (Jul 2015)

Issues

Highly efficient electroluminescence from purely organic donor–acceptor systems

Katsuyuki Shizu
  • Center for Organic Photonics and Electronics Research (OPERA), Kyushu University, 744 Motooka, Nishi, Fukuoka 819-0395, Japan
  • Institute for Chemical Research, Kyoto University, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011, Japan
  • Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST), ERATO, Adachi Molecular Exciton Engineering Project, 744 Motooka, Nishi, Fukuoka 819-0395, Japan
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Jiyoung Lee
  • Department of Automotive Science, Graduate School of Integrated Frontier Sciences, Kyushu University, 744 Motooka, Nishi, Fukuoka 819-0395, Japan
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Hiroyuki Tanaka
  • Center for Organic Photonics and Electronics Research (OPERA), Kyushu University, 744 Motooka, Nishi, Fukuoka 819-0395, Japan
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Hiroko Nomura
  • Center for Organic Photonics and Electronics Research (OPERA), Kyushu University, 744 Motooka, Nishi, Fukuoka 819-0395, Japan
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Takuma Yasuda
  • Center for Organic Photonics and Electronics Research (OPERA), Kyushu University, 744 Motooka, Nishi, Fukuoka 819-0395, Japan
  • Department of Automotive Science, Graduate School of Integrated Frontier Sciences, Kyushu University, 744 Motooka, Nishi, Fukuoka 819-0395, Japan
  • INAMORI Frontier Research Center, Kyushu University, 744 Motooka, Nishi, Fukuoka 819-0395, Japan
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Hironori Kaji / Chihaya Adachi
  • Corresponding author
  • Center for Organic Photonics and Electronics Research (OPERA), Kyushu University, 744 Motooka, Nishi, Fukuoka 819-0395, Japan
  • Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST), ERATO, Adachi Molecular Exciton Engineering Project, 744 Motooka, Nishi, Fukuoka 819-0395, Japan
  • International Institute for Carbon Neutral Energy Research (WPI-I2CNER), Kyushu University, 744 Motooka, Nishi, Fukuoka 819-0395, Japan
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2015-06-26 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/pac-2015-0301

Abstract

Thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) emitters are third-generation electroluminescent materials that realize highly efficient organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) without using rare metals. Here, after briefly reviewing the principles of TADF and its use in OLEDs, we report a sky-blue TADF emitter, 9-(4-(benzo[d]thiazol-2-yl)phenyl)-N3,N3,N6,N6-tetraphenyl-9H-carbazole-3,6-diamine (DAC-BTZ). DAC-BTZ is a purely organic donor–acceptor-type molecule with a small energy difference between its lowest excited singlet state and lowest triplet state of 0.18–0.22 eV according to fluorescence and phosphorescence spectra of a DAC-BTZ-doped film. In addition, the doped film exhibits a high photoluminescence quantum yield of 0.82. Time-resolved photoluminescence measurements of the doped film confirm that DAC-BTZ emits TADF. An OLED containing DAC-BTZ as an emitter exhibits a maximum external quantum efficiency (EQE) of 10.3%, which exceeds those obtained with conventional fluorescent emitters (5–7.5%). TADF from DAC-BTZ makes a large contribution to the high EQE of its OLED.

Keywords: donor–acceptor system; HOMO-LUMO overlap density; materials chemistry; organic light-emitting diode; organic materials; quantum chemistry; thermally activated delayed fluorescence; XXV IUPAC Photochemistry

Article note:

A collection of invited papers based on presentations at the XXVth IUPAC Symposium on Photochemistry, Bordeaux, France, July 13–18, 2014.

References

  • [1]

    G. N. Lewis, D. Lipkin, T. T. Magel. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 63, 3005 (1941).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [2]

    C. A. Parker, C. G. Hatchard. J. Phys. Chem. 66, 2506 (1962).Google Scholar

  • [3]

    P. F. Jones, A. R. Calloway. Chem. Phys. Lett. 10, 438 (1971).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [4]

    A. Maciejewski, M. Szymanski, R. P. Steer. J. Phys. Chem. 90, 6314 (1986).Google Scholar

  • [5]

    M. N. Berberan-Santos, J. M. M. Garcia. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 118, 9391 (1996).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [6]

    F. A. Salazar, A. Fedorov, M. N. Berberan-Santos. Chem. Phys. Lett. 271, 361 (1997).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [7]

    A. Endo, M. Ogasawara, A. Takahashi, D. Yokoyama, Y. Kato, C. Adachi. Adv. Mater. 21, 4802 (2009).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [8]

    S. R. Forrest. Nature 428, 911 (2004).Google Scholar

  • [9]

    S. Reineke, M. Thomschke, B. Lüssem, K. Leo. Rev. Mod. Phys. 85, 1245 (2013).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [10]

    H. Sasabe, J. Kido. J. Mater. Chem. C 1, 1699 (2013).Google Scholar

  • [11]

    A. Endo, K. Sato, K. Yoshimura, T. Kai, A. Kawada, H. Miyazaki, C. Adachi. Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 083302 (2011).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [12]

    H. Uoyama, K. Goushi, K. Shizu, H. Nomura, C. Adachi. Nature 492, 234 (2012).Google Scholar

  • [13]

    C. Adachi. Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 53, 060101 (2014).Google Scholar

  • [14]

    T. Nakagawa, S.-Y. Ku, K.-T. Wong, C. Adachi. Chem. Commun. 48, 9580 (2012).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [15]

    G. Méhes, H. Nomura, Q. Zhang, T. Nakagawa, C. Adachi. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 51, 11311 (2012).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [16]

    S. Y. Lee, T. Yasuda, H. Nomura, C. Adachi. Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 093306 (2012).Google Scholar

  • [17]

    Q. Zhang, J. Li, K. Shizu, S. Huang, S. Hirata, H. Miyazaki, C. Adachi. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134, 14706 (2012).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [18]

    H. Tanaka, K. Shizu, H. Miyazaki, C. Adachi. Chem. Commun. 48, 11392 (2012).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [19]

    H. Tanaka, K. Shizu, H. Nakanotani, C. Adachi. Chem. Mater. 25, 3766 (2013).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [20]

    J. Lee, K. Shizu, H. Tanaka, H. Nomura, T. Yasuda, C. Adachi. J. Mater. Chem. C 1, 4599 (2013).Google Scholar

  • [21]

    K. Sato, K. Shizu, K. Yoshimura, A. Kawada, H. Miyazaki, C. Adachi. Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 247401 (2013).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [22]

    G. Valchanov, A. Ivanova, A. Tadjer, D. Chercka, M. Baumgarten. Org. Electron. 14, 2727 (2013).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [23]

    T. Serevicius, T. Nakagawa, M.-C. Kuo, S.-H. Cheng, K.-T. Wong, C.-H. Chang, R. C. Kwong, S. Xia, C. Adachi. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 15, 15850 (2013).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [24]

    K. Nasu, T. Nakagawa, H. Nomura, C.-J. Lin, C.-H. Cheng, M.-R. Tseng, T. Yasuda, C. Adachi. Chem. Commun. 49, 10385 (2013).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [25]

    J. Li, T. Nakagawa, J. MacDonald, Q. Zhang, H. Nomura, H. Miyazaki, C. Adachi. Adv. Mater. 25, 3319 (2013).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [26]

    J. Li, Q. Zhang, H. Nomura, H. Miyazaki, C. Adachi. Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 013301 (2014).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [27]

    J. Li, H. Nomura, H. Miyazaki, C. Adachi. Chem. Commun. 50, 6174 (2014).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [28]

    Q. Zhang, H. Kuwabara, W. J. Potscavage, S. Huang, Y. Hatae, T. Shibata, C. Adachi. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 136, 18070 (2014).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [29]

    S. Wu, M. Aonuma, Q. Zhang, S. Huang, T. Nakagawa, K. Kuwabara, C. Adachi. J. Mater. Chem. C 2, 421 (2014).Google Scholar

  • [30]

    Q. Zhang, B. Li, S. Huang, H. Nomura, H. Tanaka, C. Adachi. Nat. Photon. 8, 326 (2014).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [31]

    S. Y. Lee, T. Yasuda, Y. S. Yang, Q. Zhang, C. Adachi. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 126, 6520 (2014).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [32]

    H. Wang, L. Xie, Q. Peng, L. Meng, Y. Wang, Y. Yi, P. Wang. Adv. Mater. 26, 5198 (2014).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [33]

    H. Ohkuma, T. Nakagawa, K. Shizu, T. Yasuda, C. Adachi. Chem. Lett. 43, 1017 (2014).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [34]

    T. Takahashi, K. Shizu, T. Yasuda, K. Togashi, C. Adachi. Sci. Tech. Adv. Mater. 15, 034202 (2014).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [35]

    H. Tanaka, K. Shizu, H. Nakanotani, C. Adachi. J. Phys. Chem. C 118, 15985 (2014).Google Scholar

  • [36]

    Y. Sagara, K. Shizu, H. Tanaka, H. Miyazaki, K. Goushi, H. Kaji, C. Adachi. Chem. Lett. 44, 360 (2015).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [37]

    J. Lee, K. Shizu, H. Tanaka, H. Nakanotani, T. Yasuda, H. Kaji, C. Adachi. J. Mater. Chem. C 3, 2175 (2015).Google Scholar

  • [38]

    H. Tanaka, K. Shizu, J. Lee, C. Adachi. J. Phys. Chem. C 119, 2948 (2015).Google Scholar

  • [39]

    M. Taneda, K. Shizu, H. Tanaka, C. Adachi. Chem. Commun. 51, 5028 (2015).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [40]

    K. Shizu, M. Uejima, H. Nomura, T. Sato, K. Tanaka, H. Kaji, C. Adachi. Phys. Rev. Applied 3, 014001 (2015).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [41]

    K. Shizu, H. Tanaka, M. Uejima, T. Sato, K. Tanaka, H. Kaji, C. Adachi. J. Phys. Chem. C 119, 1291 (2015).Google Scholar

  • [42]

    K. Shizu, Y. Sakai, H. Tanaka, S. Hirata, C. Adachi, H. Kaji. ITE Trans. on MTA 3, 108 (2015).Google Scholar

  • [43]

    S. Hirata, Y. Sakai, K. Masui, H. Tanaka, S. Y. Lee, H. Nomura, N. Nakamura, M. Yasumatsu, H. Nakanotani, Q. Zhang, K. Shizu, H. Miyazaki, C. Adachi. Nat. Mater. 14, 330 (2015).Google Scholar

  • [44]

    Y. Sakai, Y. Sagara, H. Nomura, N. Nakamura, Y. Suzuki, H. Miyazaki, C. Adachi. Chem. Commun. 51, 3181 (2015).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [45]

    J. C. Deaton, S. C. Switalski, D. Y. Kondakov, R. H. Young, T. D. Pawlik, D. J. Giesen, S. B. Harkins, A. J. M. Miller, S. F. Mickenberg, J. C. Peters. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132, 9499 (2010).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [46]

    R. Czerwieniec, J. Yu, H. Yersin. Inorg. Chem. 50, 8293 (2011).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [47]

    R. Czerwieniec, K. Kowalski, H. Yersin. Dalton Trans. 42, 9826 (2013).Google Scholar

  • [48]

    X.-L. Chen, R. Yu, Q.-K. Zhang, L.-J. Zhou, X.-Y. Wu, Q. Zhang, C.-Z. Lu. Chem. Mater. 25, 3910 (2013).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [49]

    M. Osawa, I. Kawata, R. Ishii, S. Igawa, M. Hashimoto, M. Hoshino. J. Mater. Chem. C 1, 4375 (2013).Google Scholar

  • [50]

    S. Igawa, M. Hashimoto, I. Kawata, M. Yashima, M. Hoshino, M. Osawa. J. Mater. Chem. C 1, 542 (2013).Google Scholar

  • [51]

    T. Hofbeck, U. Monkowius, H. Yersin. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 137, 399 (2014).Google Scholar

  • [52]

    M. Osawa. Chem. Commun. 50, 1801 (2014).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [53]

    C. L. Linfoot, M. J. Leitl, P. Richardson, A. F. Rausch, O. Chepelin, F. J. White, H. Yersin, N. Robertson. Inorg. Chem. 53, 10854 (2014).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [54]

    M. Osawa, M. Hoshino, M. Hashimoto, I. Kawata, S. Igawa, M. Yashima. Dalton Trans. 44, 8369 (2015).Google Scholar

  • [55]

    T. Gneuß, M. J. Leitl, L. H. Finger, N. Rau, H. Yersin, J. Sundermeyer. Dalton Trans. 44, 8506 (2015).Google Scholar

  • [56]

    H. Nakanotani, K. Masui, J. Nishide, T. Shibata, C. Adachi. Sci. Rep. 3, 2127 (2013).Google Scholar

  • [57]

    J.-i. Nishide, H. Nakanotani, Y. Hiraga, C. Adachi. Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 233304 (2014).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [58]

    H. Nakanotani, T. Higuchi, T. Furukawa, K. Masui, K. Morimoto, M. Numata, H. Tanaka, Y. Sagara, T. Yasuda, C. Adachi. Nat. Commun. 5 (2014).Google Scholar

  • [59]

    D. Zhang, L. Duan, C. Li, Y. Li, H. Li, D. Zhang, Y. Qiu. Adv. Mater. 26, 5050 (2014).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [60]

    T. Komino, H. Tanaka, C. Adachi. Chem. Mater. 26, 3665 (2014).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [61]

    J. W. Sun, J.-H. Lee, C.-K. Moon, K.-H. Kim, H. Shin, J.-J. Kim. Adv. Mater. 26, 5684 (2014).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [62]

    C. Mayr, S. Y. Lee, T. D. Schmidt, T. Yasuda, C. Adachi, W. Brütting. Adv. Func. Mater. 24, 5232 (2014).Google Scholar

  • [63]

    Y. J. Cho, K. S. Yook, J. Y. Lee. Adv. Mater. 26, 6642 (2014).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [64]

    Y. Suzuki, Q. Zhang, C. Adachi. J. Mater. Chem. C 3, 1700 (2015).Google Scholar

  • [65]

    K. Kawano, K. Nagayoshi, T. Yamaki, C. Adachi. Org. Electron. 15, 1695 (2014).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [66]

    R. Ishimatsu, S. Matsunami, T. Kasahara, J. Mizuno, T. Edura, C. Adachi, K. Nakano, T. Imato. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 53, 6993 (2014).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [67]

    X. Xiong, F. Song, J. Wang, Y. Zhang, Y. Xue, L. Sun, N. Jiang, P. Gao, L. Tian, X. Peng. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 136, 9590 (2014).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [68]

    B. S. Kim, J. Y. Lee. Adv. Func. Mater. 24, 3970 (2014).Google Scholar

  • [69]

    Y. J. Cho, K. S. Yook, J. Y. Lee. Adv. Mater. 26, 4050 (2014).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [70]

    M. P. Gaj, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, Y. Zhang, S. R. Marder, B. Kippelen. Org. Electron. 16, 109 (2015).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [71]

    J. Herbich, A. Kapturkiewicz, J. Nowacki. Chem. Phys. Lett. 262, 633 (1996).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [72]

    A. Kapturkiewicz, J. Herbich, J. Nowacki. Chem. Phys. Lett. 275, 355 (1997).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [73]

    P. Borowicz, J. Herbich, A. Kapturkiewicz, R. Anulewicz-Ostrowska, J. Nowacki, G. Grampp. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2, 4275 (2000).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [74]

    L. Yao, S. Zhang, R. Wang, W. Li, F. Shen, B. Yang, Y. Ma. Angew. Chem. 126, 2151 (2014).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [75]

    L. Yao, S. Zhang, R. Wang, W. Li, F. Shen, B. Yang, Y. Ma. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 53, 2119 (2014).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [76]

    T. Sato, M. Uejima, K. Tanaka, H. Kaji, C. Adachi. J. Mater. Chem. C 3, 870 (2015).Google Scholar

  • [77]

    M. J. Frisch, G. W. Trucks, H. B. Schlegel, G. E. Scuseria, M. A. Robb, J. R. Cheeseman, G. Scalmani, V. Barone, B. Mennucci, G. A. Petersson, H. Nakatsuji, M. Caricato, X. Li, H. P. Hratchian, A. F. Izmaylov, J. Bloino, G. Zheng, J. L. Sonnenberg, M. Hada, M. Ehara, K. Toyota, R. Fukuda, J. Hasegawa, M. Ishida, T. Nakajima, Y. Honda, O. Kitao, H. Nakai, T. Vreven, J. A. Montgomery, J. E. Peralta, F. Ogliaro, M. Bearpark, J. J. Heyd, E. Brothers, K. N. Kudin, V. N. Staroverov, R. Kobayashi, J. Normand, K. Raghavachari, A. Rendell, J. C. Burant, S. S. Iyengar, J. Tomasi, M. Cossi, N. Rega, J. M. Millam, M. Klene, J. E. Knox, J. B. Cross, V. Bakken, C. Adamo, J. Jaramillo, R. Gomperts, R. E. Stratmann, O. Yazyev, A. J. Austin, R. Cammi, C. Pomelli, J. W. Ochterski, R. L. Martin, K. Morokuma, V. G. Zakrzewski, G. A. Voth, P. Salvador, J. J. Dannenberg, S. Dapprich, A. D. Daniels, Ö. Farkas, J. B. Foresman, J. V. Ortiz, J. Cioslowski, D. J. Fox, (GAUSSIAN 09, Revision C.01, Gaussian, Inc., Wallingford, CT, 2009).Google Scholar

  • [78]

    Y. Zhao, D. Truhlar. Theor. Chem. Acc. 120, 215 (2008).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [79]

    J. T. H. Dunning. J. Chem. Phys. 90, 1007 (1989).Google Scholar

  • [80]

    R. Bauernschmitt, R. Ahlrichs. Chem. Phys. Lett. 256, 454 (1996).CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [81]

    M. E. Casida, C. Jamorski, K. C. Casida, D. R. Salahub. J. Chem. Phys. 108, 4439 (1998).Google Scholar

  • [82]

    H. Xu, L.-H. Wang, X.-H. Zhu, K. Yin, G.-Y. Zhong, X.-Y. Hou, W. Huang. J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 3023 (2006).Google Scholar

About the article

Corresponding author: Chihaya Adachi, Center for Organic Photonics and Electronics Research (OPERA), Kyushu University, 744 Motooka, Nishi, Fukuoka 819-0395, Japan; Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST), ERATO, Adachi Molecular Exciton Engineering Project, 744 Motooka, Nishi, Fukuoka 819-0395, Japan; and International Institute for Carbon Neutral Energy Research (WPI-I2CNER), Kyushu University, 744 Motooka, Nishi, Fukuoka 819-0395, Japan, e-mail:


Published Online: 2015-06-26

Published in Print: 2015-07-01


Citation Information: Pure and Applied Chemistry, ISSN (Online) 1365-3075, ISSN (Print) 0033-4545, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/pac-2015-0301.

Export Citation

©2015 IUPAC & De Gruyter. Copyright Clearance Center

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

[2]
Brigitte Wex and Bilal R. Kaafarani
J. Mater. Chem. C, 2017, Volume 5, Number 34, Page 8622
[3]
Takuya Miwa, Shosei Kubo, Katsuyuki Shizu, Takeshi Komino, Chihaya Adachi, and Hironori Kaji
Scientific Reports, 2017, Volume 7, Number 1
[4]
Michael Y. Wong and Eli Zysman-Colman
Advanced Materials, 2017, Volume 29, Number 22, Page 1605444
[5]
Andrzej Kapturkiewicz
ChemElectroChem, 2017, Volume 4, Number 7, Page 1604
[6]
Zhiyong Yang, Zhu Mao, Zongliang Xie, Yi Zhang, Siwei Liu, Juan Zhao, Jiarui Xu, Zhenguo Chi, and Matthew P. Aldred
Chem. Soc. Rev., 2017, Volume 46, Number 3, Page 915
[7]
Toshio Naito
Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan, 2017, Volume 90, Number 2, Page 89
[8]
Gui-Mei Tang, Rui-Hai Chi, Wen-Zhu Wan, Zhi-Qiang Chen, Ting-Xiang Yan, Yan-Ping Dong, Yong-Tao Wang, and Yue-Zhi Cui
Journal of Luminescence, 2017, Volume 185, Page 1
[9]
Tiago Palmeira and Mario N. Berberan-Santos
The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2017, Volume 121, Number 1, Page 701
[10]
Bijitha Balan, Jayanthy S. Panicker, Shinji Nagasawa, Akinori Saeki, and Vijayakumar C. Nair
ChemistrySelect, 2016, Volume 1, Number 21, Page 6872
[11]
Kuan-Chung Pan, Shu-Wei Li, Yu-Yi Ho, Yi-Jiun Shiu, Wei-Lung Tsai, Min Jiao, Wei-Kai Lee, Chung-Chih Wu, Chin-Lung Chung, Tanmay Chatterjee, Yung-Shin Li, Ken-Tsung Wong, Hung-Chieh Hu, Chung-Chia Chen, and Meng-Ting Lee
Advanced Functional Materials, 2016, Volume 26, Number 42, Page 7560
[12]
Ryo Kawano, Osama Younis, Akihiro Ando, Yuki Rokusha, Shigeyuki Yamada, and Osamu Tsutsumi
Chemistry Letters, 2016, Volume 45, Number 1, Page 66
[13]
Katsuyuki Shizu and Hironori Kaji
Journal of Photopolymer Science and Technology, 2016, Volume 29, Number 2, Page 305
[14]
Katsuaki Suzuki, Shosei Kubo, Katsuyuki Shizu, Tatsuya Fukushima, Atsushi Wakamiya, Yasujiro Murata, Chihaya Adachi, and Hironori Kaji
Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 2015, Volume 54, Number 50, Page 15231
[15]
Katsuaki Suzuki, Shosei Kubo, Katsuyuki Shizu, Tatsuya Fukushima, Atsushi Wakamiya, Yasujiro Murata, Chihaya Adachi, and Hironori Kaji
Angewandte Chemie, 2015, Volume 127, Number 50, Page 15446
[16]
Katsuyuki Shizu, Hiroki Noda, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Masatsugu Taneda, Motoyuki Uejima, Tohru Sato, Kazuyoshi Tanaka, Hironori Kaji, and Chihaya Adachi
The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2015, Volume 119, Number 47, Page 26283

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in