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Pure and Applied Chemistry

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Volume 87, Issue 8 (Aug 2015)

Issues

Biofabrication of 3D constructs: fabrication technologies and spider silk proteins as bioinks

Elise DeSimone
  • Lehrstuhl Biomaterialien, Universität Bayreuth, Universitätsstraße 30, 95447 Bayreuth, Germany
  • Other articles by this author:
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/ Kristin Schacht
  • Lehrstuhl Biomaterialien, Universität Bayreuth, Universitätsstraße 30, 95447 Bayreuth, Germany
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Tomasz Jungst
  • Lehrstuhl für Funktionswerkstoffe der Medizin und der Zahnheilkunde, Universität Würzburg, Pleicherwall 2, 97070 Würzburg, Germany
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/ Jürgen Groll
  • Lehrstuhl für Funktionswerkstoffe der Medizin und der Zahnheilkunde, Universität Würzburg, Pleicherwall 2, 97070 Würzburg, Germany
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/ Thomas Scheibel
  • Corresponding author
  • Lehrstuhl Biomaterialien, Universität Bayreuth, Universitätsstraße 30, 95447 Bayreuth, Germany
  • Bayreuther Zentrum für Kolloide und Grenzflächen (BZKG), Universität Bayreuth, Universitätsstraße 30, 95440 Bayreuth, Germany
  • Institut für Bio-Makromoleküle (bio-mac), Universität Bayreuth, Universitätsstraße 30, 95440 Bayreuth, Germany
  • Bayreuther Zentrum für Molekulare Biowissenschaften (BZMB), Universität Bayreuth, Universitätsstraße 30, 95440 Bayreuth, Germany
  • Bayreuther Materialzentrum (BayMAT), Universität Bayreuth, Universitätsstraße 30, 95440 Bayreuth, Germany
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
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Published Online: 2015-07-01 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/pac-2015-0106

Abstract

Despite significant investment in tissue engineering over the past 20 years, few tissue engineered products have made it to market. One of the reasons is the poor control over the 3D arrangement of the scaffold’s components. Biofabrication is a new field of research that exploits 3D printing technologies with high spatial resolution for the simultaneous processing of cells and biomaterials into 3D constructs suitable for tissue engineering. Cell-encapsulating biomaterials used in 3D bioprinting are referred to as bioinks. This review consists of: (1) an introduction of biofabrication, (2) an introduction of 3D bioprinting, (3) the requirements of bioinks, (4) existing bioinks, and (5) a specific example of a recombinant spider silk bioink. The recombinant spider silk bioink will be used as an example because its unmodified hydrogel format fits the basic requirements of bioinks: to be printable and at the same time cytocompatible. The bioink exhibited both cytocompatible (self-assembly, high cell viability) and printable (injectable, shear-thinning, high shape fidelity) qualities. Although improvements can be made, it is clear from this system that, with the appropriate bioink, many of the existing faults in tissue-like structures produced by 3D bioprinting can be minimized.

Keywords: biofabrication; bioink; biomaterials; biomedical applications; 3D bioprinting; biotechnology; NICE-2014; spider silk

Article note:

A collection of invited papers based on presentations at the 2nd International Conference on Bioinspired and Biobased Chemistry and Materials: Nature Inspires Chemical Engineers (NICE-2014), Nice, France, 15–17 October 2014.

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About the article

Corresponding author: Thomas Scheibel, Lehrstuhl Biomaterialien, Universität Bayreuth, Universitätsstraße 30, 95447 Bayreuth, Germany, e-mail: ; Bayreuther Zentrum für Kolloide und Grenzflächen (BZKG), Universität Bayreuth, Universitätsstraße 30, 95440 Bayreuth, Germany; Institut für Bio-Makromoleküle (bio-mac), Universität Bayreuth, Universitätsstraße 30, 95440 Bayreuth, Germany; Bayreuther Zentrum für Molekulare Biowissenschaften (BZMB), Universität Bayreuth, Universitätsstraße 30, 95440 Bayreuth, Germany; and Bayreuther Materialzentrum (BayMAT), Universität Bayreuth, Universitätsstraße 30, 95440 Bayreuth, Germany

aThe authors contributed equally to this work.


Published Online: 2015-07-01

Published in Print: 2015-08-01


Citation Information: Pure and Applied Chemistry, ISSN (Online) 1365-3075, ISSN (Print) 0033-4545, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/pac-2015-0106.

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