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Pure and Applied Chemistry

The Scientific Journal of IUPAC

Ed. by Burrows, Hugh / Stohner, Jürgen

12 Issues per year


IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 5.294

CiteScore 2017: 3.42

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 1.212
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 1.546

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1365-3075
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Volume 89, Issue 2

Issues

Sampling and analysis of organophosphorus nerve agents: analytical chemistry in international chemical disarmament

Elena Fischer
  • Office of Strategy and Policy, Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, The Hague, The Netherlands
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/ Marc-Michael Blum
  • OPCW Laboratory, Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, Rijswijk, The Netherlands
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/ Wesam S. Alwan
  • Office of Strategy and Policy, Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, The Hague, The Netherlands
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/ Jonathan E. Forman
  • Corresponding author
  • Office of Strategy and Policy, Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, The Hague, The Netherlands
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Published Online: 2016-11-04 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/pac-2016-0902

Abstract

Chemistry is a science that contributes to all aspects of our everyday lives and our professions. There are clear examples in law enforcement (forensics) and public health and perhaps less clear (but equally important) uses of chemicals in applications that include automobile manufacturing, electronics, packaging materials, currency printing, and even waste management (recycling and value-added products from garbage). Chemistry can also influence international diplomacy – an area that is likely to be unfamiliar to many chemistry professionals. Take for example the United Nations led investigation into the alleged use of chemical weapons in Syria in August of 2013. Environmental and biomedical samples were collected and analyzed, and they undisputedly confirmed the use of the nerve agent sarin. The results were published in a report by the United Nations Secretary-General and were one of the many influences leading to the accession of The Syrian Arab Republic to the Chemical Weapons Convention (an international treaty prohibiting chemical weapons) and the declaration and dismantlement of a chemical weapons programme. Using this investigation as an example, we highlight some of the chemistry that influenced decision making in a high visibility international event.

Keywords: acetylcholinesterase; chemical weapons; nerve agent; Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons; organophosphorus; sarin; 2016 Spring ConfChem; Syria; United Nations

Article note:

A collection of invited papers based on presentations at the Open Access Online Conference “Science, Disarmament, and Diplomacy in Chemical Education: The Example of the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons”, which was held from 2nd May till 20th June 2016.

References

About the article

aCurrent affiliation: Monash Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.


Published Online: 2016-11-04

Published in Print: 2017-02-01


Citation Information: Pure and Applied Chemistry, Volume 89, Issue 2, Pages 249–258, ISSN (Online) 1365-3075, ISSN (Print) 0033-4545, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/pac-2016-0902.

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©2017 IUPAC & De Gruyter. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License. For more information, please visit: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/.Get Permission

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