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About the article
Published Online: 2013-11-12
Published in Print: 2013-12-01
Clientalist economies are based on social hierarchies that include gift-giving reciprocity often linked to accumulating surpluses of influence by obtaining obligations from others, often related to patronage systems. The economies of such systems are in-ward looking and the enforcement of norms and rules occur through in-groups. In contrast, market economies rely on contract law and equality among economic atomistic actors, which challenges traditional norms and the in-groups of social hierarchies.
The data matrix is based partly on Li (2005), which truncated the time frame, and also included the ITERATE data to study both domestic (GTD) and ITERATE data. This project began with the idea of nesting our work in Li (2005) to examine the different effects of development on democracy and transnational terrorism. Our domestic attacks count variable comes from Daube (2011), which was created around the same time that the Enders, Sandler, and Gaibulloev (2011) data became available.
Please contact the author for variable data sources and coding. In an earlier version of this paper, we also verified that economic development affects income inequality, and that income inequality positively affects domestic terrorist incidents. This aspect of the project is being developed in a separate paper.