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Peace Economics, Peace Science and Public Policy

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Sustaining Civil Peace: A Configurational Comparative Analysis

Thomas Gries
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Economics, University of Paderborn, Warburger Straße 100, 33098 Paderborn, Germany
  • Email:
/ Irene PalnauORCID iD: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2039-8506
Published Online: 2015-08-26 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/peps-2015-0020


While much work has been devoted to the causes and consequences of civil war, little has been done to explore the prerequisites for civil peace. We shift the focus from the determinants of war to the preconditions to sustain peace, and address the following question: Are there necessary or sufficient conditions for stable civil peace? We use Qualitative Comparative Analysis to approach this question. We do not find necessary conditions for civil peace, but distinct potentially sufficient paths. These are (i) the presence of a fully democratic regime and (ii) the presence of a strongly autocratic regime, with the latter further requiring either a) the absence of a youth bulge and non-miserable living conditions or b) the absence of ethnic tensions. The first type of civil peace is referred to as inherent civil peace whereas the second type is largely a result of strong repression and thus denoted coerced civil peace.

Keywords: civil war; civil peace; qualitative comparative analysis

JEL Classification:: B50; F52; H10


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About the article

Corresponding author: Thomas Gries, Department of Economics, University of Paderborn, Warburger Straße 100, 33098 Paderborn, Germany, E-mail:

Published Online: 2015-08-26

Published in Print: 2015-12-01

Citation Information: Peace Economics, Peace Science and Public Policy, ISSN (Online) 1554-8597, ISSN (Print) 1079-2457, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/peps-2015-0020. Export Citation

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