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Peace Economics, Peace Science and Public Policy

Editor-in-Chief: Caruso, Raul

Ed. by Bove, Vincenzo / Kibris, Arzu / Sekeris, Petros

4 Issues per year

CiteScore 2017: 0.54

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.304
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.540

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Volume 21, Issue 4


Volume 17 (2011)

Volume 4 (1996)

Volume 3 (1995)

Volume 2 (1994)

Volume 1 (1993)

Climate and Conflict: Whence the Weather?

Erik Gartzke
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Political Science, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive/Office: 327 SSB, 0521, La Jolla, CA 92093-0521, USA
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Tobias Böhmelt
  • Department of Government, University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester CO4 3SQ, UK
  • Center for Comparative and International Studies, ETH Zurich, Haldeneggsteig 4, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2015-08-22 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/peps-2015-0022


Researchers have increasingly sought to identify the social repercussions of an evolving climate. Several influential studies claim that climate change is responsible for increases in conflict, while other research finds no such evidence. Relating human-caused changes in the climate to conflict poses a basic endogeneity problem, though: accepting that industrial activity is responsible for altering the climate implies that human agency is indirectly involved in the impact of the climate on conflict. Specifically, industrial activity is closely tied to climate change and to rising economic development, the latter generally being accepted as a determinant of reductions in conflict. In this letter, we discuss this endogeneity problem, outline possible shortcomings for empirical research if this problem is not addressed, and propose a research strategy that might eventually help to overcome it effectively.

Keywords: climate change; conflict onset; endogeneity


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About the article

Corresponding author: Erik Gartzke, Department of Political Science, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive/Office: 327 SSB, 0521, La Jolla, CA 92093-0521, USA, E-mail:

Published Online: 2015-08-22

Published in Print: 2015-12-01

Citation Information: Peace Economics, Peace Science and Public Policy, Volume 21, Issue 4, Pages 445–451, ISSN (Online) 1554-8597, ISSN (Print) 1079-2457, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/peps-2015-0022.

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