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Peace Economics, Peace Science and Public Policy

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Volume 21, Issue 4 (Dec 2015)


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United States Arms Transfer Decision-Making: Determinants of Sales versus Aid

Richard A.I. Johnson
  • Corresponding author
  • Univeristy of Strathclyde – Politics, 4.17 McCance 16 Richmond St, Glasgow G3 6HS, UK
  • Email:
Published Online: 2015-09-10 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/peps-2015-0026


This article examines the determinants of United States arms transfers by examining military aid separate from military sales. Separation of the two types of transfers is necessary due to the different benefits the United States receives from the transfers. Sales create direct economic benefits while aid is economically costly. The results show that some political, strategic, and economic factors have differing effects on the type of transfer and its size.

Keywords: arms transfers; military sales; military aid; United States


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About the article

Corresponding author: Richard A.I. Johnson, Univeristy of Strathclyde – Politics, 4.17 McCance 16 Richmond St, Glasgow G3 6HS, UK, E-mail:

Published Online: 2015-09-10

Published in Print: 2015-12-01

Citation Information: Peace Economics, Peace Science and Public Policy, ISSN (Online) 1554-8597, ISSN (Print) 1079-2457, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/peps-2015-0026. Export Citation

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