Almeida, C. M. V. B., Madureira, M. A., Bonilla, S. H., & Giannetti, B. F. (2013). Assessing the replacement of lead in solders: Effects on resource use and human health. Journal of Cleaner Production, 47, 457–464.Google Scholar
Amnesty International. (2015). Retrieved from www.amnesty.org.au/armstrade/.
API. (1977). Protocol additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the protection of victims of International Armed Conflict (Protocol I), art. 51–5(b), June 8, 1977, 1125 UNTS 3.Google Scholar
Brown, M. T (2004). A picture is worth a thousand words: Energy systems language and simulation. Ecological Modelling, 178, 83–100.Google Scholar
Brown, M. T., & Ulgiati, S. (2002). Emergy evaluations and environmental loading of electricity production systems. Journal of Cleaner Production, 10, 321–334.Google Scholar
Brown, M. T., & Ulgiati, S. (2004a). Energy quality, emergy, and transformity: H.T. Odum’s contributions to quantifying and understanding systems. Ecological Modelling, 178, 201–213.Google Scholar
Brown, M. T., & Ulgiati, S. (2004b). Emergy analysis and environmental accounting. In Encyclopedia of energy. New York, NY: Elsevier 2329354.Google Scholar
Brown, M. T., & Ulgiati, S. (2011). Understanding the global economic crisis: A biophysical perspective. Ecological Modelling, 223, 4–13.Google Scholar
Brown, M. T., Cohen, M. J., & Sweeney, S. (2009). Predicting national sustainability: the convergence of energetic, economic and environmental realities. Ecological Modelling, 220, 3424–3438.Google Scholar
Brown, M. T., Campbell, D. E., De Vilbiss, C., & Ulgiati, S. (2016). The geobiosphere emergy baseline: A synthesis. Ecological Modelling, 339, 92–95.Google Scholar
Boulding, K (1962). Conflict and defence: A general theory. New York, NY: Harper.Google Scholar
Boulding, K (1975). International systems: Peace, conflict resolution, and politics. Boulder, CO: Colorado Associated University Press.Google Scholar
Buonocore, E., Vanoli, L., Carotenuto, A., & Ulgiati, S. (2015). Integrating life cycle assessment and emergy synthesis for the evaluation of a dry steam geothermal power plant in Italy. Energy, 86, 476–487.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar
Caina-Longbranch. (2016). Retrieved from http://cainalongbranch.com/entireproductionline.
Campbell, E. T., & Tilley, D. R. (2014). The eco-price: How environmental emergy equates to currency. Ecosystem Services, 7, 128–140.Google Scholar
Campbell, D. E., Lu, H., Kolb, K. (2010). Emergy evaluation of educational attainment in the United States. In Brown, M. T., Sweeney, S., Campbell, D. E., Huang, S., Ortega, E., Rydberg, T., et al.(Ed.), Emergy synthesis 6, theory and applications of the emergy methodology - Proceedings of the Sixth Biennial Emergy Conference. Gainesville, FL: Center for Environmental Policy, Univ. of Florida 483500.Google Scholar
Campbell, E. D., Wigand, C., & Schuetz, N. B. (2015). The real wealth purchased in a fish dinner. In Brown, M. T., Sweeney, S., Campbell, D. E., Huang, S., Rydberg, T., & Ulgiati, S.(Ed.), Emergy synthesis 8: Theory and applications of the emergy methodology - Proceedings of the 8th Biennial Emergy Conference. Gainesville, FL: Center for Environmental Policy, University of Florida 6182.Google Scholar
CEP. (2016). Retrieved from http://www.cep.ees.ufl.edu/emergy/publications/odum.shtml.
De Vilbiss, C. D., & Brown, M. T. (2015). New method to compute the emergy of crustal minerals. Ecological Modelling, 315, 108–115.Google Scholar
Dilnot, C (2014). Green Bullets (U.S. Military), design and violence - New York Museum of Modern Art Retrieved from http://designandviolence.moma.org/green-bullets-u-s-military/.
Epps, V. C (2013). Civilian casualties in modern warfare: The death of the collateral damage rule. Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law, 41, 307–355.Google Scholar
Ferreira, C., Ribeiro, J., Almada, S., Rotariu, T., & Freire, F. (2016). Reducing impacts from ammunitions: A comparative life-cycle assessment of four types of 9 mm ammunitions. Science of the Total Environment, 566–567, 34–40.Google Scholar
Geng, Y., Zhang, P., Ulgiati, S., & Sarkis, J. (2010). Emergy analysis of an industrial park: the case of Dalian, China. Science of the Total Environment, 408, 5273–5283.Google Scholar
Greenwood, T. C., & Hammes, T. X. (2009). War planning for wicked problems. Armed Forces Journal, . Retrieved from http://armedforcesjournal.com/war-planning-for-wicked-problems/.
Lei, K., Wang, Z., & Ton, S. (2008). Holistic emergy analysis of Macao. Ecological Engineering, 32, 30–43.Google Scholar
Listyawati, R. N., Meidiana, C., & Anggraeni, M. (2014). Evaluation of energy self-sufficient village by means of emergy indices. Procedia Environmental Sciences, 20, 30–39.Google Scholar
Meadows, D (2008). Thinking in systems – A primer. White River Junction: Chelsea Green Publ.Google Scholar
Mikko, D (2000). U.S. Military “Green Bullet”. Technical report of Firearms ID Retrieved from http://www.firearmsid.com/Feature%20Articles/GreenBullets/GreenBullets.htm.
Odum, H. T (1971). Environment, power and society. New York, NY: Wiley.Google Scholar
Odum, H. T (1987). Models for national, international, and global systems policy. In Braat, L. C., & Van Lierop, W. F. J.(Ed.), Economic-ecological modeling. New York, NY: Elsevier 203251.Google Scholar
Odum, H. T (1988). Self-Organization, transformity, and information. Science, 242, 1132–1139.Google Scholar
Odum, H. T (1996). Environmental accounting, emergy and environmental decision making. New York, NY: Wiley.Google Scholar
Odum, H. T (2007). Environment, power and society for the twenty-first century: The hierarchy of energy. New York, NY: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
PayScale. (2017). Retrieved from http://www.payscale.com/research/US/Industry=Small_Arms_Ammunition_Manufacturing/Salary.
Siekman, M. W., Anderson, D. A., & Boyce, A. S. (2010). Small-arms ammunition production and acquisition: Too many eggs in one basket? Professional Bulletin of United States Army Sustainment, 42(5).Google Scholar
SIPRI. (2015). Military Expenditure Database – Stockholm International Peace Research Institute Retrieved from https://www.sipri.org/databases/milex.
Ulgiati, S (2004). H.T. Odum and E.C. Odum, the prosperous way down. Ecological Modelling, 178, 247–250.Google Scholar
Viglia, S., Franzese, P. P., Zucaro, A., Blackstock, K. L., Matthews, K. B., & Ulgiati, S. (2011). Resource use and biophysical constraints of Scottish agriculture. Ecological Questions, 15, 57–69.Google Scholar
Wernet, G., Bauer, C., Steubing, B., Reinhard, J., Moreno-Ruiz, E., & Weidema, B. (2016). The ecoinvent database version 3 (part I): Overview and methodology. Internationl Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 21, 1218–1230.Google Scholar
Wittenberg, A (2015). Army’s eco-friendly quest breeds more deadly bullet. Greenwire, . Environment & Energy PublishingRetrieved from http://www.eenews.net/stories/1060020236.
About the article
Published Online: 2017-05-01
Published in Print: 2017-04-01