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Peace Economics, Peace Science and Public Policy

Editor-in-Chief: Caruso, Raul

Ed. by Bove, Vincenzo / Kibris, Arzu / Sekeris, Petros


CiteScore 2018: 0.44

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.281
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.320

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1554-8597
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Volume 23, Issue 2

Issues

Volume 26 (2020)

Volume 17 (2011)

Volume 4 (1996)

Volume 3 (1995)

Volume 2 (1994)

Volume 1 (1993)

From Head to Head: An Emergy Analysis of a War Rifle Bullet

Francesco GonellaORCID iD: http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8504-5301 / Christian Elia / Silvio Cristiano / Sofia Spagnolo / Francesco Vignarca
Published Online: 2017-05-01 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/peps-2017-0004

Abstract

Emergy (spelled with an “m”) analysis is a method for environmental and systemic accounting in terms of sustainability and quality of resources used for a product, service or process. In this paper, it is applied to the assault rifles projectiles used in war battlefields. The specific emergy is evaluated in terms of sej/bullet, pointing out the upstream investment made by both the environment and the human society to produce the bullet in its operating war conditions. Comparison is made with alternative uses of the same resources when addressed to the support of development and wellbeing.

Keywords: Environmental accounting; Emergy; Ammunition; Warfare costs; Systems thinking

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About the article

Published Online: 2017-05-01

Published in Print: 2017-04-01


Citation Information: Peace Economics, Peace Science and Public Policy, Volume 23, Issue 2, 20170004, ISSN (Online) 1554-8597, ISSN (Print) 1079-2457, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/peps-2017-0004.

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