Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Peace Economics, Peace Science and Public Policy

Editor-in-Chief: Caruso, Raul

Ed. by Bove, Vincenzo / Kibris, Arzu / Sekeris, Petros

4 Issues per year


CiteScore 2017: 0.54

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.304
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.540

Online
ISSN
1554-8597
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 24, Issue 2

Issues

Volume 17 (2011)

Volume 4 (1996)

Volume 3 (1995)

Volume 2 (1994)

Volume 1 (1993)

Food Insecurity and Conflict Events in Africa

Syed Mansoob Murshed
  • Corresponding author
  • International Institute of Social Studies (ISS), Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, Netherlands
  • Coventry University, School of Economics, Finance and Accounting, Gosford Street, Coventry CV1 5FB, UK
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Muhammad Badiuzzaman
  • International Institute of Social Studies (ISS), Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, Netherlands
  • Centre for Peace and Justice, BRAC University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Rashel Hasan
Published Online: 2018-04-30 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/peps-2018-0007

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to examine the relationship between food insecurity and conflict events short of war in Africa, taking account of a host of mediating factors, including the degree of inequality, the level of development, democratic quality, quality of governance and the degree of government expenditure, which we incorporate into our analysis. Our results suggest that food price volatility does contribute significantly to conflict events measured by political events in Africa (ACLED). Greater democracy can engender more conflict, but in a non-linear fashion. The broader V-DEM participatory index of democracy also encourages more protest. Our governance variables are significant, emphasising the salience of state capacity in this regard. An innovation of our study is the inclusion of inequality. We deploy two metrics of vertical inequality: the GINI coefficient and the broader V-DEM egalitarian index. The GINI index of income inequality has a counter-intuitive statistically insignificant sign, suggesting that greater income equality or middle-class share of income results in greater political unrest. We also utilise political measures of inter-group horizontal inequality which significantly engender conflict risk.

Keywords: food price; conflict; institutions; government expenditure; inequality

References

  • Arezki, R., & Brückner, M. (2011). Food prices and political instability. CESifo Working Paper no. 3544.Google Scholar

  • Bellemare, M. (2014). Rising food prices, food price volatility and social unrest. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 97(1), 1–21.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Brinkman, H.-J., & Hendrix, C. (2011). Food insecurity and violent conflict: Causes, consequences, and addressing the challenges. World Food Programme, Occasional Paper no 24.Google Scholar

  • Cederman, L.-E., Gleditsch, K.-S., & Buhaug, H. (2013). Inequality, Grievances, and Civil War. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

  • Collier, P., Elliot, L., Hegre, H., Hoeffler, A., Reynal-Querol, M., & Sambanis, N. (2003). Breaking the conflict trap: Civil war and development policy. World Bank, Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

  • Coppedge, M., Gerring, J., Lindberg, S. I., Skaaning, S.-E., Teorell, J., Altman, D., … Zimmerman, B. (2016). V-Dem [Country-Year/Country-Date] Dataset v6. Varieties of Democracy (V-Dem) Project.Google Scholar

  • Gleditsch, N. P. (2008). The liberal moment fifteen years on. International Studies Quarterly, 15(4), 691–712.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Hegre, H., Ellingsen, T., Gates, S., & Gleditsch, N. P. (2001). Towards a democratic civil peace? Democracy, civil change, and civil war 1816–1992. American Political Science Review, 95(1), 17–33.Google Scholar

  • Hendrix, C., & Haggard, S. (2015). Global food prices, regime type, and urban unrest in the developing world. Journal of Peace Research, 52(2), 143–157.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Kaufmann, D., Kraay, A., & Mastruzzi, M. (2010). The worldwide governance indicators: Methodology and analytical issues. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 5430 (available at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1682130). Accessed on 29 June 2017.

  • Miguel, E., Satynath, S., & Sergenti, E. (2004). Economic shocks and civil conflict: An instrumental variables approach. Journal of Political Economy, 112(4), 725–753.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Murshed, S. M. (2010). Explaining civil war: A rational choice approach. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.Google Scholar

  • Natalini, D., Jones, A., & Bravo, G. (2015). Quantitative assessment of political fragility indices and food prices as indicators of food riots in countries. Sustainablity, 7, 4360–4385.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Østby, G. (2013). Inequality and political violence: A review of the literature. International Areas Studies Review, 16(2), 206–231.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Raleigh, C., Choi, H. J., & Kniveton, D. (2015). The devil is in the details: An investigation of the relationships between conflict, food price and climate across Africa. Global Environmental Change, 32, 187–199.CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Smith, T. (2014). Feeding unrest: Disentangling the causal relationship between food price shocks and sociopolitical conflict in Urban Africa. Journal of Peace Research, 51(6), 679–695.CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • von Haldenwang, C., & Ivanyna, M. (2017). Does the political resource curse affect public finance? The vulnerability of tax revenue in resource-rich countries. WIDER Working Paper, UNU-WIDER, Helsinki, Finland. Available at: https://www.wider.unu.edu/sites/default/files/wp2017-7.pdf [accessed 31 January, 2017].

  • Weinberg, J., & Bakker, R. (2014). Let them eat cake: Food prices, domestic policy and social unrest. Conflict Management and Peace Science, 32(3), 309–326.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2018-04-30


Funding Source: Qatar National Research Fund

Award identifier / Grant number: NPRP 8-100-5-148

This paper was made possible by the NPRP award (NPRP 8-100-5-148) from the Qatar National Research Fund (a member of Qatar Foundation). The statements made herein are solely the responsibility of the authors.


Citation Information: Peace Economics, Peace Science and Public Policy, Volume 24, Issue 2, 20180007, ISSN (Online) 1554-8597, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/peps-2018-0007.

Export Citation

©2018 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston.Get Permission

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in