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Peace Economics, Peace Science and Public Policy

Editor-in-Chief: Caruso, Raul

Ed. by Bove, Vincenzo / Kibris, Arzu / Sekeris, Petros

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CiteScore 2017: 0.54

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US Military Response to the Risk of Terrorist Attacks

Jean-Paul Azam / Véronique Thelen
Published Online: 2018-11-29 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/peps-2018-0031


This paper reports that the econometric findings of Azam & Thelen (2010) remain valid when the sample is extended by 10 years to cover 1990–2014 in Azam & Thelen (2018). They blame the presence of US troops in oil-exporting countries and their neighbors for increasing transnational terrorist attacks by nationals from these countries. They also confirm that foreign aid and educational capital are playing the opposite role by reducing the number of such attacks. The “Obama years” saw a lowered presence of US troops overseas and their smaller marginal impact on transnational terrorism.

Keywords: transnational terrorism; US military intervention; ex post evaluation


  • Azam, J.-P., & Thelen, V. (2010). Foreign aid vs. military intervention in the war on terror. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 54(2), 237–261.Google Scholar

  • Azam, J.-P., & Thelen, V. (2018). Fighting terrorism at source: using foreign aid to delegate global security. London: Edward Elgar.Google Scholar

  • Krueger, A. B. (2003). Poverty doesn’t create terrorism. New York Times, May 29.Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2018-11-29

Citation Information: Peace Economics, Peace Science and Public Policy, 20180031, ISSN (Online) 1554-8597, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/peps-2018-0031.

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