Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Present Environment and Sustainable Development

2 Issues per year

Open Access
See all formats and pricing
More options …

The Importance of Water Temperature Fluctuations in Relation to the Hydrological Factor. Case Study – Bistrita River Basin (Romania)

Gianina Maria Cojoc
  • Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi, Faculty of Geography and Geology
  • Siret Water Basin Administration, Bacau, Str.Cuza Voda, 1, 600274, Bacau, Romania
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Gheorghe Romanescu / Alina Tirnovan
  • Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi, Faculty of Geography and Geology
  • Siret Water Basin Administration, Bacau, Str.Cuza Voda, 1, 600274, Bacau, Romania
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2015-01-10 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/pesd-2014-0034


The increase in most components of the climate over the past 50 years, including air and water temperature, is a real phenomenon, as attested by the numerous specialized researches according to IPCC (2013). The water temperature is one of the most important climatic components in analyzing the hydrological regime of the Bistrita River (Romania). The thermal regime of the Bistrita River basin and the frost phenomena associated with the risk factor are particularly important and frequently appear in this area. In recent years, under the Siret Water Basin Administration, this parameter was permanently monitored, so we could do an analysis, which shows that the water temperature fluctuations, influenced by air temperature, lead to the emergence of the ice jam phenomenon. The present study aims to analyze the water temperature, as compared to the air temperature, and the effect of these components on the liquid flow regime (the values were recorded at the hydrological stations on the main course of the Bistrita River). The negative effects resulted from the ice jam phenomenon require developing methods of damage prevention and defense. The frost phenomena recorded after the construction of the Bicaz dam are analyzed in this article

Keywords : water and air temperature; Bistrita River; climate change; ice jam; Romania


  • Al Gore. (2006), An Inconvenient Truth: The Planetary Emergency of Global Warming and What We Can Do About It. Rodale Books, New York 325.Google Scholar

  • Donisa, I. (1968), Geomorfologia văii Bistriței, Editura Academiei, București.Google Scholar

  • Dumitra, Alina-Daciana (2008), Caracteristicile fenomenelor de îngheț din Depresiunea Almaș-Agrij și Dealurile Clujului și Dejului, Editura Geographia Napocensis, Anul II, nr 2, Cluj Napoca.Google Scholar

  • Feyen, L., Dankers, R., Bódis, K., Salamon, P., Barredo, JI. (2012), Fluvial flood risk in Europe in present and future climates. Climate Change 112(1): 47-62.Google Scholar

  • Gaume, E., Bain, V., Bernardova, P., Newinger, O., Barbuc, M., Bateman, A., Blaškovičová, L., Blöschl, G., Borga, M., Dumitrescu, A., Daliakopoulos, I., Garcia, J., Irimescu, A., Kohnova, S., Soutroulis, A., Marchi, L., Matreata, S., Medina, V., Preciso, E., Sempere-Torres, D., Stancalie, G., Szolgay, J., Tsanig, I., Velasco, D., Viglione, A. (2009), A compilation of data on European flash floods.Journal of Hydrology 367(1-2): 70-78.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Luo Yuzhou, Darren L. Ficklin, Xiaomang Liu, Minghua Zhang (2013), Assessment of climate change impacts on hydrology and water quality with a watershed modeling approach, Science of the Total Environment 450-451 : 72-82.Google Scholar

  • Nováki, B. (2011), Effects of climate change on daily water temperature in the Hungarian lower Danube River, Riscuri și catastrofe, An X, Volum 9, Nr, 2, Cluj Napoca.Google Scholar

  • Pandi, G., Mika, I. (2003), River runoff extremes and tendencies: factors of risk likely related to global climate. Riscuri si catastrofe 2: 116-129.Google Scholar

  • Raduly, D. (2010), Riscurile induse de fenomenele de îngheț pe râurile Târnava Mare, Târnava Mică și Niraj în Subcarpații Transilvaniei și spațiul montan limitrof, Riscuri și Catastrofe, An IX, Volum 8, Nr 1, Cluj Napoca.Google Scholar

  • Romanescu, G. (2005), Riscul inundaţiilor în amonte de lacul Izvorul Muntelui şi efectul imediat asupra trăsăturilor geomorfologice ale albiei, Riscuri și Catastrofe, Volum IV, Nr 2, Cluj Napoca.Google Scholar

  • Sankarasubramanian, A., Vogel, RM, Limbrunner, JF. (2001), Climate elasticity of streamflow in the United States. Water Resources Research 37(6): 1771-1781.Google Scholar

  • Stefanache, Dumitrica (2007), Cercetări privind evoluţia unor fenomene hidrografice periculoase, Rezumatul Tezei de doctorat, Universitatea Tehnică Gheorghe Asachi, Iaşi.Google Scholar

  • Surdeanu, V., Berindean, N., Olariu, P. (2005), Factorii geografici care determină formarea zăpoarelor în bazinul superior al râului Bistrița, Riscuri și Catastrofe, Volum IV, Nr 2, Cluj Napoca.Google Scholar

  • Webb, B.W., Nobilis, F. (2007), Long term changes in river temperature and the influence of the climatic and hydrological factors, Hydrological Sciences Journal, 52(1), IAHS Press, UK.Google Scholar

  • Zhenmei, M., Shaozhong, K., Lu, Z., Ling, T., Xiaolong, S. (2008), Analysis of impacts of climate variability and human activity on streamflow for river basin in arid region of northwest China. Journal of Hydrology 352: 239-249.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Zhang, H., Huang, GH, Wang, D., Zhang, X. (2011), Uncertainty assessment of climate change impacts on the hydrology of small prairie wetlands. Journal of Hydrology 396: 94-103. Doi:10.1016/j.hydrol.2010.10.037.CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Zavoianu, I. (1999), Hidrologie, Editura Fundația României de Mâine, București.Google Scholar

  • ABAS (Administraţia Bazinală de Apă Siret), Arhivă. Google Scholar

  • *** Clima României, (2008), Editura Academiei Romane, București. Google Scholar

  • *** https://www.ipcc.ch/report/ Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2015-01-10

Published in Print: 2014-10-01

Citation Information: Present Environment and Sustainable Development, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 183–194, ISSN (Online) 2284-7820, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/pesd-2014-0034.

Export Citation

© 2015. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in