Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Present Environment and Sustainable Development

2 Issues per year

Open Access
See all formats and pricing
More options …

The Influence Of Zinc On Seed Germination And Growth In The First Ontogenetic Stages In The Species Cucumis Melo L.

Anişoara Stratu
  • „Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University, Faculty of Biology, I Carol I Bd., No 20 A, 700506, Iaşi, Romania
  • Email:
/ Naela Costică
  • „Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University, Faculty of Biology, I Carol I Bd., No 20 A, 700506, Iaşi, Romania
Published Online: 2015-10-29 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/pesd-2015-0038


The paper presents the results of a study regarding the influence of treatment with zinc in different concentrations (50 mg∕l, 100 mg∕l, 200 mg ∕l, 300mg/l, 400 mg ∕l, 500 mg/l, 600 mg ∕l) on seed germination and growth in early ontogenetic stages of Cucumis melo L. We analyzed the following indicators: the percentage of germinated seeds; the length of root, the length of the hypocotyl and the length of the seedling; the number of the laterale roots; the tolerance index and the seedling vigor index. The results underline the specific variations of analysed indicators, depending on the concentrations used for the treatments of seeds. The concentrations used for treatment do not influence negatively the seed germination, but affected the seedling growth (especially the root elongation), the formation and growth process of lateral roots and the seedling vigour index. The delay effect of growth process is very pronounced in the case of high concentration.

Keywords: Cucumis melo L.; germination; growth of seedlings; zinc


  • Akinci I. E., Akinci S., (2010), Effect of chromium toxicity on germination and early seedling growth in melon (Cucumis melo L.), African Journal of Biotechnology, 9, 29, 4589 - 4594.Google Scholar

  • Araùjo, A.S.F., Monteiro, R.T.R., (2005), Plant bioassays to assess toxicity of textile sludge compost, Sci. Agric. Piracicaba Brazil 62, 286-290.Google Scholar

  • Ashagre H., Almaw D., Feyisa T., (2013), Effect of copper and zinc on seed germination, phytotoxicity, tolerance and seedling vigor of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L. cultivar Roma VF), International Journal of Agricultural Science Research, 2, (11), 312-317.Google Scholar

  • Băjescu Irina, Chiriac Aurelia, (1984), Distribuţia microelementelor in solurile din România (implicaţii în agricultură), Ed. Ceres, Bucureşti, 157-192.Google Scholar

  • Bojor O., Perianu C., (2005), Sănătatate prin seminţe, legume şi fructe (ediţia a 3a), Ed. Fiat Lux, Bucureşti, 122-123.Google Scholar

  • Burzo I., Toma S., Crăciun C., Voican V., Dobrescu Aurelia, Delian Elena, (1999), Fiziologia plantelor de cultură, I, Intreprinderea Editorial - Poligrafică Ştiinţa, Chişinău, 191.Google Scholar

  • Broadley M. R., White P. J., Hammond J. P., Zelko I., Lux A., (2007), Zinc in plants, New Phytologist, 173, 677-702.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Cakmak I., (2000), Possible roles of zinc in protecting plant cells from damage by reactive oxygen species. Review, New Phytol., 146, 185-205.Google Scholar

  • Caramete C., Caramete A., Corbean S., Dumitrescu F., Idriceanu A., Popescu S., Săndulache R., Stan S., Vineş, I., (1974), Nutriţia plantelor şi aplicarea îngrăşămintelor, Edit. Ceres, 124-126.Google Scholar

  • Çavuşoğlu K., Yalçin E., Ergene A., (2009), The citotoxic effects in zinc and cadmium metal ions on root tip cells of Phaseolus vulgaris L. (Fabaceae), SDU Journalo Science (E-Journal), 4, 1, 1-11.Google Scholar

  • Cheng S., (2003), Effects of heavy metals on plants and resistance mechanisms, Environ. Sci & Pollut Res., 10, 4, 256-264.Google Scholar

  • Davidescu D., Davidescu Velicica, Lăcătuşu, L., (1988), Microelementele în agricultură, Edit. Acad. R. S. R., Bucureşti, 75-80.Google Scholar

  • Dvořák P., Tlustoš P., Száková J., Černý J., Balík J., (2003), Distribution of soil fractions of zinc and its uptake by potatoes, maize, wheat and barley after soil amendment by sludge and inorganic zinc salt, Plant Soil Environ., 49, 5, 203-212.Google Scholar

  • Hakmaoui A., Ater M., Bóca K., Barón M., (2007), Copper and cadmium tolerance, uptake and effect on chloroplast ultrastructure. Studies on Salix purpurea and Phragmites australis, Z. Naturforsch, 62c, 417-426.Google Scholar

  • Jacson P. J., Unkefer P. J., Delhaize E., Robinson N. J., (1990), Mecanisms of trace metal tolerance in plants. in: Katerman, F., (Eds). Environmental injury to plants. Academic Press, Inc. San Diego, New York, Boston, Londra, Sydney, Tokyo, Toronto, 246-248.Google Scholar

  • Jain R., Srivastava S., Solomon S., Shrivastava A.K., Chandra A., (2010), Impact of excess zinc on growth parameters, cell division, nutrient accumulation, photosynthetic pigments and oxidative stress of sugarcane (Saccharum spp.), Acta Physiol. Plant., 32, 979-986.CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Khudsar T., Mahmooduzzafar Iqbal M., Sairam E. K., (2004), Zinc induced changes in morpho-physiological and biochemical parameters in Artemisia annua, Biologia plantarum, 48, 2, 255 - 260.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Li W., Khan M. A., Yamaguchi S., Kamya Y., (2005), Effects of heavy metals on seed germination and early seedling growth of Arabidopsis thaliana, Plant Growth Regulation 46, 45 - 50.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Liu D., Jiang W., Wang C., (1996), Effects of Zn2+ on root growth, cell division and nucleoli of Allium cepa L., Journal of Environmental Science, 8, 1, 21-27.Google Scholar

  • Malecka A., Piechalak A., Mesinger A., Hanć A., Barałkiewicz D., Tomaszewska B., (2012), Antioxidative defense system in Pisum sativum roots exposed to heavy metals (Pb, Cu, Cd, Zn), Pol. J. Environ. Stud., 21, 6, 1721-1730.Google Scholar

  • Malik N. J., Camon A. S., Mondo M. N., Elahi S. F., Faiz S. M. A., (2011), Effect of different levels of zinc on growth and yield on red amaranth (Amaranthus sp.) and rice (Oryza sativa, variety BR-49), Journal of the Bangladesh Association of Young Researchers (IBAYR), 1, 1, 79 - 91.Google Scholar

  • Meyer C. L., Kostecka A. A., Saumitou-Laprade P., Créach A., Castric V., Pauwels M., Frérot H., (2010), Variability of zinc tolerance among and within populations of the pseudometallophyte species Arabidopsis halleri and possible role of directional selection, New Phytologist, 185, 130 - 142.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Moradi D., Sharifzadeh P.F., Janmohammadi M., (2008), Influence of priming techniques on seed germination behavior of maize inbred lines (Zea mays L.), ARPN J. Agric. Biol. Sci., 3, 22-25.Google Scholar

  • Mulligan C. N., Yong R. N., Gibbs B. F., (2001), Remediation technologies for metal-contaminated soils and groundwater: an evaluation, Engineering Geology, 60, 1-4, 193-207.Google Scholar

  • Nag P., Nag P., Paul A. K., Mukherji S., (1989), The effects of heavy metals, Zn and Hg, on the growth and biochemical constituents of mungbean (Vigna radiata) seedlings, Botanical Bulletin of Academia Sinica, 30, 241-250.Google Scholar

  • Pârvu C., 2004, Enciclopedia plantelor. Plante din flora României, III, Ed. Tehnică, Bucureşti, 892-905.Google Scholar

  • Rout G. J., Das P., (2003), Effect of metal toxicity on plant growth and metabolism, I. Zinc, Agronomie, 23, 3-11.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Seregin I. V., Kozhevnikova A. D., (2005), Distribution of cadmium, lead, nickel, and strontium in imbibing maize caryopses, Russian Journal of Plant Physiology, 52, 4, 565-569.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Sharma S., Sharma P., Datta S. P., Gupta P., (2010), Morphological and biochemical response of Cicer arietinum L. var. pusa-256 towards an excess of zinc concentration, Life Science Journal, 7, 1, 95 - 98.Google Scholar

  • Shivakumar C. K., Thippeswamy B., (2012), Effect of fungal biosorbed and nonbiosorbed copper and zinc metal solution on gowth and metal uptake of leguminous plants, International Multidisciplinary Research Journal, 2, 2, 6-12.Google Scholar

  • Symeonidis L., Abou Auda M. M., Yupsanis P., (2004), Aluminium toxicity efects on Cucumis melo and response of diphosphonucleoside kinases, Biologia, Bratislava, 59, 1, 133 - 139.Google Scholar

  • Stratu Anişoara, Codiţă Rafaela, Costică Naela, Lobiuc A., (2014), The influence of zinc on seed germination and seedlings growth of Salvia coccinea Buchoz ex Etl., Analele ştiinţifice ale Universităţii „Al. I. Cuza” Iaşi, 60, fasc. 1, s. II a. Biologie vegetală, 52 – 59.Google Scholar

  • Tsonev T., Lidon F.J.C., (2012), Zinc in plants - An overview, Emir J. Food Agric., 24, 4, 322 - 333.Google Scholar

  • Vassilev A., Nikolova A., Koleva L., Lidon F., (2011), Effects of excess zinc on growth and photosynthetic performance of young bean plants, Journal of Phytology, 3, 6, 58-62.Google Scholar

  • Venkateshwarlu M., (2010), Influence of cadmium with seed germination and seedling growth of Cucumis melo L., Asian Journal of Bio Science, 5, 1, 164 - 165.Google Scholar

  • Woolhouse H. W., (1983), Toxicity and tolerance in the responses of plants to metals, in: Lange O. L., Nobel P. S., Osmond C. B., Ziegler H., (Eds.). Enciclopedia of Plant Physiology. New series, 12 C, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, 263-268.Google Scholar

  • Zamfirescu Ş., Zamfirescu Oana, (2008), Elemente de statistică aplicate în ecologie,. Edit. Univ. „Al. I. Cuza”, Iaşi, 108 - 116.Google Scholar

  • Zanoschi V., Toma C., (1988), Anatomia și morfologia plantelor cultivate, Ed. Ceres, București, 296.Google Scholar

  • Yadav S. K., (2010), Heavy metals toxicity in plants: An overview on the rol of glutathione and phytochelatins in heavy metal stress tolerance of plants, South African Journal of Botany, 76, 167 – 179.CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • www.cprm.gov.br/pgagem/Manuscripts/jeliazkova.htm

About the article

Published Online: 2015-10-29

Published in Print: 2015-10-01

Citation Information: Present Environment and Sustainable Development, ISSN (Online) 2284-7820, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/pesd-2015-0038.

Export Citation

© 2015 Anişoara Stratu et al., published by De Gruyter Open. This chapter is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Public License. BY 4.0

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in