Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Present Environment and Sustainable Development

2 Issues per year

Open Access
Online
ISSN
2284-7820
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Soil Erosion Assessment in Wood Pastures and Tree-Less Pastures (A Case Study: Hârtibaciului Tableland)

Cristina-Alina Ficuț
  • Corresponding author
  • Faculty of Environmental Science and Engineering, Bab-Bolyai University, 30 Fântânele Str., 400294, Cluj-Napoca, Romania
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Vlad Măcicășan
  • Faculty of Environmental Science and Engineering, Bab-Bolyai University, 30 Fântânele Str., 400294, Cluj-Napoca, Romania
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Cristian-Valeriu Maloș
  • Faculty of Environmental Science and Engineering, Bab-Bolyai University, 30 Fântânele Str., 400294, Cluj-Napoca, Romania
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Octavian-Liviu Muntean
  • Faculty of Environmental Science and Engineering, Bab-Bolyai University, 30 Fântânele Str., 400294, Cluj-Napoca, Romania
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Gheorghe Roşian
  • Faculty of Environmental Science and Engineering, Bab-Bolyai University, 30 Fântânele Str., 400294, Cluj-Napoca, Romania
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Tibor Hartel
  • Ecosystem Service laboratory, Faculty of Sciences and Arts, Sapientia Hungarian University of Transilvania, 4 Calea Turzii, 400193, Cluj-Napoca, Romania
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2018-06-22 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/pesd-2018-0004

Abstract

The management of pastures is very important to reduce soil erosion. A special attention is generally needed for the wood pastures which combine livestock grazing with trees and shrubs. In this paper, we investigated the differencess between the wood pastures and tree-less pastures and their role to prevent or mitigate the soil erosion. The soil erosion assessment has been performed by using of RUSLE and GIS. The model has been applied in two study-polygons with wood pasture and tree-less pasture located in the northern part of Hartibaciului Tableland (Romania). Our outcomes showed and highlighted by comparison that wood pastures have a lower predicted annual soil loss than pastures with accidental presence of trees. This fact suggests that wood pastures are more resilient to soil erosion than tree-less pasture. The metholology tried to calibrate a preliminary model of soil erosion assessment for wood pastures into the southern part of Transylvania.

Keywords: soil erosion; pastures; GIS; RUSLE; old trees

References

  • Akeroyd J.R., Page, N., 2006, The Saxon Villages of Southern Transylvania: Conserving Biodiversity in a Historic Landscape, In: Gafta D., J. Akeroyd, (Eds), Nature Conservation. Environmental Science and Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 199-210.Google Scholar

  • Ferencik, I., Muntean, O.-L., Mihăiescu, R., Dimen, L., 2008, Assessment of Soil Erosion Using Usle and GIS (Case Study: Vărzari Coal Quarry, Romania), RevCAD, Journal of Geodesy and Cadastre, no. 8, Alba Iulia, pp. 247-256.Google Scholar

  • Ficuţ, Cristina Alina, Muntean, O.-L., Măcicăşan, V., Maloş, C.-V., Hartel, T., 2017, A GIS-based Assessment of Soil Erosion in Wood pastures of Southern Transylvania, BIOFLUX, ProEnvironment 10, pp. 62-70.Google Scholar

  • Foster, G.R., T.J. Toy, K.G. Renard, 2003, Comparison of the USLE, RUSLE1.06c, and RUSLE2 for Application to Highly Disturbed Lands, Proceedings of the First Interagency Conference on Research in the Watersheds, Benson, AZ., 154-160.Google Scholar

  • Gârbacea, V., Grecu, Florina, 1984, Dealurile Roandolei. Caracterizare geomorfologică, Memoriile secțiilor științifice, Academie Română, Seria IV, tom VII, Ed. Academiei, Bucureşti, pp. 235 - 242.Google Scholar

  • Grecu, Florina, Sandu, Maria, 1999, The Hârtibaciu Tableland. Geomorphological risk, Studia Geomorphologica Carpatho-Balcanica, Polonia, pag. 95- 105.Google Scholar

  • Hartel, T., Réti, Kinga-Olga, Craioveanu, Cristina, Gallé, R., Popa, R., Ioniță, Alina, Demeter, L., Rákosy, L., Czúcz, B., 2016, Rural social-ecological systems navigating institutional transitions: Case study from Transylvania (Romania), Ecosystem Health and Sustainability, 2, 1-12.Google Scholar

  • Hartel, T., Hanspach, J., Moga, C.I., Holban, L., Szapanyos, A., Tamás, Réka, Hováth, C., Réti, Kinga-Olga, 2018, Abundance of large old trees in wood pastures of Transylvania (Romania), Science of The Total Environment, 613- 614, 263-270.Google Scholar

  • Mitasova, Helena, Hofierka, J., Zlocha, M.L., Iverson, R., 1996, Modeling topographic potential for erosion and deposition using GIS, Journal of Geographical Information Science, 10 (5), 629-641.Google Scholar

  • Moțoc, M., Munteanu, S., Băloiu, V., Stănescu, P., Mihai, Gh., 1975, Eroziunea solului și metode de combatere, Ed. Ceres, București, 301 p. Google Scholar

  • Moțoc, M., Sevastel, M., 2002, Evaluarea factorilor care determină riscul eroziuni hidrice în suprafață, Editura Bren, Bucuresti, 60 p.Google Scholar

  • Muntean, O.-L., 2004, Impactul antropic asupra mediului înconjurător în Culoarul Târnavei Mari (sectorul Vânători-Micăsasa), Ed. Casa Cărții de Știință, Cluj-Napoca, 209 p. Google Scholar

  • Pop, Gr., 2001, Depresiunea Transilvaniei, Ed. Presa Universitară Clujeană, Cluj- Napoca, 274 p.Google Scholar

  • Roșian, Gh., 2011, Modele de geomorfologie funcțională ale sistemului vale-versant din Depresiunea Transilvaniei, Ed. Presa Universitară Clujeană, Cluj-Napoca, 330 p.Google Scholar

  • Toy, T. J., Foster, R.F., 1998, Guidelines for the Use of the Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation (RUSLE) Version 1.06 on Mined Lands, Construction Sites, and Reclaimed Lands, J.R. Galetovic Publishing Ed.Google Scholar

  • Wischemeier W.H., D.D. Smith, 1965, Predicting rainfall-erosion losses from cropland east of the Rocky Mountains: guide for the selection of practices for soil and water conservation, Agriculture Handbook No. 282, US Departament of Agriculture, Washington, D.C., 47 p.Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2018-06-22

Published in Print: 2018-06-01


Citation Information: Present Environment and Sustainable Development, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 49–60, ISSN (Online) 2284-7820, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/pesd-2018-0004.

Export Citation

© 2018 Cristina-Alina Ficuț, published by Sciendo. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. BY-NC-ND 4.0

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in