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Present Environment and Sustainable Development

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Optimization of Land Use Structure in the Republic of Moldova on the Basis of the Method of Ecological-Economic Balance of the Territory

Ivan Kapitalchuk
Published Online: 2018-06-22 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/pesd-2018-0019

Abstract

The problem of the ecological and economic organization of the territory of the Republic of Moldova and its regions is considered. The assessment of the intensity of the ecological and economic state of the country's territory was carried out and the possibility of optimizing the structure of land use on the basis of improving the balance of various types of land use was shown. It is established that a characteristic feature of the land use structure in Moldova is the dominance of lands with a high anthropogenic load, which occupy 64 % of the country's territory. The indicators of the ecological and economic state of the territory of the country and its regions for the current land use structure and for the proposed variant of its optimization are calculated. The relationship between the relative coefficient of tension of the ecological and economic state and the coefficient of natural protection of the territory is revealed. It is shown that the land use structure developed in Moldova caused a high degree of tension in the ecological and economic state of its territory, which can be reduced by 1.3-2.7 times when implementing the proposed measures.

Keywords: land use; anthropogenic load; optimization; ecological and economic balance of the territory; sustainable development

References

  • Kapitalchuk I.P. (2006) The ecological and economic balance of the steppe areas in Moldova // Steppes of Northern Eurasia. Materials of the IVth International symposium, Orenburg, 2006, p. 337-338.Google Scholar

  • Kapitalchuk I.P., Soloviova Natalia (2014) Ecological-economic status of the territory of Transdniestria in the conditions of transformation of land use. // Problems of regional ecology, 2014, nr. 5, p. 15-19, Moscow.Google Scholar

  • Kochurov B.I. (1999) Geoecology: ecodiagnostics and ecological-economic balance of the territory. Smolensk, 1999, 154 p.Google Scholar

  • Kochurov B.I. (2003) Ecodiagnostics and sustainable development. Moscow-Smolensk: Madzhenta, 2003, 384 p.Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2018-06-22

Published in Print: 2018-06-01


Citation Information: Present Environment and Sustainable Development, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 239–247, ISSN (Online) 2284-7820, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/pesd-2018-0019.

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© 2018 Ivan Kapitalchuk, published by Sciendo. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. BY-NC-ND 4.0

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