Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Present Environment and Sustainable Development

2 Issues per year

Open Access
Online
ISSN
2284-7820
See all formats and pricing
More options …

The Influence of Weather Conditions and Local Climate on Particulate Matter (PM10) Concentration in Metropolitan Area of Iasi, Romania

Lucian Sfîcă
  • Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iași, Faculty of Geography and Geology, Department of Geography, Romania
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Iulian Iordache
  • Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iași, Faculty of Geography and Geology, Department of Geography, Romania
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Pavel Ichim
  • Corresponding author
  • Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iași, Faculty of Geography and Geology, Department of Geography, Romania
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Alina Leahu / Marius-Mihai Cazacu / Silviu Gurlui / Cătălin-Răzvan Trif
Published Online: 2018-11-14 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/pesd-2018-0029

Abstract

The aim of this study is to evaluate the role of the weather conditions and local climate on the temporal and spatial variability of particulate matters (PM 10) in Iași city which is facing major pollution problems in the recent years. Daily data from 4 monitoring stations of Environmental Protection Agency-Iași–for main weather parameters and particulate matters – and the temperature from an inner temperature and relative humidity observation network inside the city were used for a three year study (2013-2015). Linear correlation, composite analysis and multiple regression are the main statistical methods applied in the analysis. In brief, the most important meteorological parameters enhancing air pollution in Iași seem to be represented by thermal inversions developing in the region strongly related to local climate conditions. The Pearson correlation coefficient (stronger than -0.40) between PM10 and thermal gradient, the difference in the PM10 concentration exceeding 20 μg/m3 between strong thermal inversions and unstable conditions and the leading role of thermal gradients in multiple regression are the main indicators of the great role of thermal inversion in generating and sustaining pollution conditions in this area. The maximum concentrations of PM10 occur in May and March, gathering more than 30% of the days for the entire year. Complementary studies were taken into account in order to analyse the aerosol optical properties retrieved from Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET-NASA).

Keywords: PM10; LOCAL CLIMATE; Iasi; thermal inversions

Bibliography

  • Ajtai N, Ştefănie HI, Ozunu A (2013) Description of aerosol properties over Cluj-Napoca derived from AERONET sun-photometric data. Environ Eng Manag J 12 (2): 227–232.Google Scholar

  • Alexe, C. (2012) Some thermic differences in the southern metropolitan area of Iasi. Pres Environment and Sustaninable Development 6 (1): 377-393.Google Scholar

  • Apostol L, Sfîcă L (2011) Topoclimatic wind peculiarities induced by the Siret Corridor morphology, Prace i Studia Geograficzne, t. 47, p.483-491, Varșovia.Google Scholar

  • Bahadur R, Praveen PS, Xu Y, Ramanathan V (2012) Solar absorption by elemental and brown carbon determined from spectral observations. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 109 (43), S. 17366–71. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1205910109Google Scholar

  • Bjashkar BV, Rajasekhar RVJ, Muthusubranian P, Kesarkar AP (2008) Measurement and modelling of respirable particulate (PM10) and lead pollution over Madurai, India. Air Qual Atmos Health, 1: 45-55, doi: 10.1007/s11869-008-0004-0Google Scholar

  • Bâzâc G(1983) Influence of relief on main characteristics of romanian climate (in romanian), Editura Academiei, București, 179p.Google Scholar

  • Belegante L, Cazacu MM, Timofte A, Toanca F, Vasilescu J, Rusu MI, Ajtai N, Stefanie HI, Vetres I, Ozunu A, Gurlui S (2015) Case study of the first volcanic ash exercise in Romania using remote sensing techniques. Environ. Eng. Manag. J. 14 (11), S. 2503–2514.Google Scholar

  • Binietoglou I, Basart S, Alados-Arboledas L, Amiridis V, Argyrouli A, Baars H, Baldasano JM, Balis D, Belegante L, Bravo-Aranda JA, Burlizzi P, Carrasco V, Chaikovsky A, Comerón A, D’Amico G, Filioglou M, Granados-Muñoz MJ, Guerrero-Rascado JL, Ilic L, Kokkalis P, Maurizi A, Mona L, Monti F, Muñoz-Porcar C, Nicolae D, Papayannis A, Pappalardo G, Pejanovic G, Pereira SN, Perrone MR, Pietruczuk A, Posyniak M, Rocadenbosch F, Rodríguez-Gómez A, Sicard M, Siomos N, Szkop A, Terradellas E, Tsekeri A, Vukovic A, Wandinger U, Wagner J(2015) A methodology for investigating dust model performance using synergistic EARLINET/AERONET dust concentration retrievals. Atmos. Meas. Tech. 8 (9), S. 3577–3600. doi:10.5194/amtd-8-3605-2015Google Scholar

  • Brinckmann S, Bissolli P, Krähenmann S (2016) Daily mean near-surface (10 m) wind speed for Europe (project DecReg/MiKlip). version v002, 2016, DWD Climate Data Center (CDC). doi:10.5676/DWD_CDC/DECREG0110v2.Google Scholar

  • Cazacu MM, Timofte A, Unga F, Albina B, Gurlui S, (2015) AERONET data investigation of the aerosol mixtures over Iasi area, One-year time scale overview. J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 153 S. 57–64. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jqsrt.2014.09.004

  • Cazacu MM, Tudose OG, Timofte A, Rusu O, Apostol L, Leontie L, Gurlui S (2016) A case study of the behavior of aerosol optical properties under the incidence of a Saharan dust intrusion event. Appl. Ecol. Environ. Res. 14 (3), S. 183–194. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15666/aeer/1403_183194

  • Cazorla A, Bahadur R, Suski KJ, Cahill JF, Chand D, Schmid B, Ramanathan V, Prather KA (2013) Relating aerosol absorption due to soot, organic carbon, and dust to emission sources determined from in-situ chemical measurements. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 13 (18), S. 9337–9350. doi:10.5194/acp-13-9337-2013Google Scholar

  • Czernecki B, Polrolniczak M, Kolendowicz L, Marosz M, Kendzierski S, Pilguj N (2016) Influence of the atmospheric conditions on PM10 concentrations in Iași, Romania. J Atm Chem. doi 10.1007/s10874-016-9345-5.Google Scholar

  • Dubovik O, Holben B, Eck TF, Smirnov A, Kaufman YJ, King MD, Tanré D, Slutsker I (2002) Variability of Absorption and Optical Properties of Key Aerosol Types Observed in Worldwide Locations. J. Atmos. Sci. 59 (3), S. 590–608.Google Scholar

  • Dumitrache Rodica Claudia, Iriza Amalia, Maco BA, Barbu CD, Hirtl M, Mantovani S, Nicola Irimescu Anisoara, Craciunescu V, Ristea Alina, Diamandi A (2016) Study on the influence of ground and satellite observations on the numerical air-quality for PM10 over Romanian territory. Atmospheric Environment, 143, 278-289. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2016.08.063

  • Dunea D, Iordache Ștefania, Ianache Cornel (2015) Relationship between airborne particulate matter and weather conditions in Târgoviște urban area during cold months. Rev. Roum. Chim., 60 (5-6), 595-601.Google Scholar

  • European Comission (2017) The EU environmental implementation review, country report -Romania. Available online:http://ec.europa.eu/environment/eir/pdf/report_ro_en.pdf. Accessed: 08/01/2017.

  • Giles DM, Holben BN, Eck TF, Sinyuk A, Smirnov A, Slutsker I, Dickerson RR, Thompson AM, Schafer JS (2012) An analysis of AERONET aerosol absorption properties and classifications representative of aerosol source regions. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 117 (D17), S. D17203. DOI: 10.1029/2012JD018127Google Scholar

  • Giri D., Murthy Krishna V., Adhikary P.R. (2008) The influence of meteorological conditions on PM10 concentrations in Kathmandu valley. Int. J. Environ. Res., 2(1): 49-60, Winter 2008.Google Scholar

  • Grivas G., Chaloulakou A., Samara C., Spyrellis N. (2004) Spatial and temporal variation of PM10 mass concentrations within the greater area of Athens, Greece. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 158: 357–371, 2004.Google Scholar

  • Guzm_an-Torres D, Eiguren-Fernandez A, Cicero-Fernandez P, Maubert- Franco M, Retama-Hernandez A, Ramos Villegas R, Miguel A (2009) Effects of meteorology on diurnal and nocturnal levels of priority polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and elemental and organic carbon in PM10 at a source and a receptor area in Mexico city. Atmos. Environ. 43 (17), 2693e2699.Google Scholar

  • Ichim P., Apostol L, Sfîcă L., Kadhim-Abid Adriana-Lucia, Istrate V.,(2014), Frequency of thermal inversions between Siret and Prut rivers in 2013, Present Environment ---amp--- Sustainable Development, Vol. 8, no. 2, Iași, doi:10.2478/pesd-2014-0040Google Scholar

  • Ichim P., Sfîcă L., Kadhim-Abid Adriana-Lucia, Ursu A., Jitariu V. (2018) Characteristics of nocturnal urban heat island of Iaşi During a summer heat wave (1-6 of August 2017), Air and Water Components of the Environment.Google Scholar

  • Ferrario M, Rossa A, Pernigotti D (2008) Characterization of PM10 accumulation periods in the Po valley by means of boundary layer profilers. In: IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, vol. 1. IOP Publishing, p. 012067.Google Scholar

  • Fortelli A, Scafetta N, Mazzarella A (2016) Influence of synoptic and local atmospheric patterns on PM10 air pollution levels: a model application to Naples (Italy). Atmospheric Environment, 143, 218-228.Google Scholar

  • Flossmann A, Hall W, Pruppacher H (1985) A theoretical study of the wet removal of atmospheric pollutants. part i: the redistribution of aerosol particles captured through nucleation and impaction scavenging by growing cloud drops. J. Atmos. Sci. 42 (6), 583e606.Google Scholar

  • Gualtieri G, Toscano P, Crisci A, Di Lonardo Tartaglia M, Vagnoli C, Zaldei A, Gioli B (2015) Influence of road traffic, residential heating and meteorological conditions on PM10 concentrations during air pollution critical episodes, Environ Sci Pollut Res., 19027-19038, DOI 10.1007/s11356-015-5099-x.Google Scholar

  • Hůnova I, Brabec M, Maly M, Knobova V, Branis M (2017) Major heat waves of 2003 and 2006 and health outcomes in Prague. Air Qual Atmos Health 10: 183-1944. doi: 10.007/s11869-016-0419Google Scholar

  • Jacobson MZ (1999) Isolating nitrated and aromatic aerosols and nitrated aromatic gases as sources of ultraviolet light absorption. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 104 (D3), S. 3527–3542.Google Scholar

  • Kalnay E, Kanamitsu M, Kistler R et al (1996) The NCEP/NCAR 40-year re-analysis project, Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc., 77, 437–471.Google Scholar

  • Kuo C, Chen P, Lin Y, Lin C, Chen H, Shih J (2008) Factors affecting the concentrations of PM10 in Central Taiwan. Chemosphere 70 (7), 1273e1279.Google Scholar

  • Kuzu S-L, Saral A (2017) The effect of meteorological conditions on aerosol size distribution in Istanbul. Air Qual Atmos Health. doi: 10.1007/s11869-017-0491-yGoogle Scholar

  • Klingner M, Sahn E (2008) Prediction of PM10 concentration on the basis of high resolution weather forecasting. Meteorol. Z. 17 (3), 263e272.Google Scholar

  • Lack DA, Cappa CD (2010) Impact of brown and clear carbon on light absorption enhancement, single scatter albedo and absorption wavelength dependence of black carbon. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 10 (9), S. 4207–4220. doi:10.5194/acp-10-4207-2010Google Scholar

  • Largeron Y, Staquet Ch (2016) Persistent inversion dynamics and wintertime PM10 air pollution in Alpine valleys. Atmospheric Environment, 135, 92-108. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2016.03.045

  • Malan B, Vetres I, Ionel I, Lontis N (2013) Timisoara Aerosols Investigated with Remote Sensing Systems Timisoara Aerosols Investigated with Remote Sensing Systems. REV. CHIM. 64 (8), S. 894–898.Google Scholar

  • Mihăilă D (2006) Moldavian Plane - climatic study (in romanian), Editura Universității,, Ștefan cel Mare”, Suceava, 466 p.Google Scholar

  • Nemuc A, Belegante L, Radulescu R (2011) One year of sunphotometer measurements in Romania. Rom. J. Phys. 56, 3-4, 550-562.Google Scholar

  • Olofson K, Andersson P, Hallquist M, Ljungstrom E, Tang L, Chen D, Pettersson J (2009) Urban aerosol evolution and particle formation during wintertime temperature inversions. Atmos. Environ. 43 (2), 340e346. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2008.09.080Google Scholar

  • Pateraki S, Asimakopoulos D, Flocas H, Maggos T, Vasilakos C (2012) The role of meteorology on different sized aerosol fractions (PM10, PM2.5, PM2.5-10). Sci. Total Environ. 419 (0),5124e5135. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2011.12.064

  • Piticar A, Croitoru A-E, Ciupertea F-A, Harpa G-V (2017) Recent changes in heat waves and cold waves detected based on excess heat factor and excess cold factor in Romania. J of Clim. doi: 10.1002/joc.5295Google Scholar

  • Pleijel H, Grundstrom Maria, Karlsson G-P, Karlsson P-E, Che, D (2016) A method to asses the inter-annual weather-dependent variability in air pollution concentration and deposition based on weather typing. Atmospheric Environment, 200-210. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2015.11.0531352-2310/

  • R Core Team (2015) R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing Vienna Austria. http://doi.org/ISBN3-900051-07-0

  • Russo Ana, Gouveia Celia, Levy I, Dayan U, Jerez Sonia, Mendes M, Trigo R (2016) Coastal recirculation pottential affecting air pollutants in Portugal: the role of circulation weather types. Atmospheric Environment, 135, 9-19. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2016.03.0391352-2310/

  • Saaroni Hadas, Levi Eldad,Givati Reuven, Ziv Baruch (2015) Particle Matter (PM) air pollution in the metropolitan area of Haifa, Israel - Correlation with synoptic conditions and climatic stress, ICUC9 - 9 th International Conference on Urban Climate jointly with 12th Symposium on the Urban EnvironmentGoogle Scholar

  • Sandu I, Țâștea D, Geicu A, Baltă D, Oprea C, Soare Elena, Ghițescu N, Săraru L, Dumitrescu A, Hârsescu Săndica, Alexandrescu Rodica, Călinescu G, Cândea I, Dragotă Carmen, Baciu Mădălina, Breza T, Becheanu Viorica, Mărcuși I (2008) The climate of Romaia (in romanian). Ed. Academiei Române, ISBN 978-973-27-1674-8, 365 p.Google Scholar

  • Schaefer K, Vergeiner J, Emeis S, Wittig J, Hoffmann M, Obleitner F, Suppan P (2008) Atmospheric influences and local variability of air pollution close to a motorway in an Alpine valley during winter. Meteorol. Z. 17 (3), 297e309. DOI: 10.1127/0941-2948/2008/0290Google Scholar

  • Seo S, Kim J, Lee H, Jeong U, Kim W, Holben BN, Kim SW, Song CH, Lim JH (2015) Estimation of PM10 concentrations over Seoul using multiple empirical models with AERONET and MODIS data collected during the DRAGON-Asia campaign. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 15 (1), S. 319–334. doi:10.5194/acp-15-319-2015Google Scholar

  • Sfîcă L (2007) Nouvelle aproche sur la circulation atmosphérique dans le nord-est de la Roumanie, Actes du XX-eme colloque de l’Association internationale de Climatologie, Tunis.Google Scholar

  • Sfîcă L (2015) The climate of Siret corridon and neighboughrs regions (in romanian). Editura Universității ,,Alexandru Ioan Cuza”, Iași, 297pGoogle Scholar

  • Sfîcă L, Ichim P, Apostol L, Ursu A (2017) Urban heat island extent and intensity in Iași city, Romania. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, doi: 10.1007/s00704-017-2305-4.Google Scholar

  • Silva P, Vawdrey E, Corbett M, Erupe M (2007) Fine particle concentrations and composition during wintertime inversions in Logan, Utah, USA. Atmos. Environ. 41 (26), 5410e5422. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2007.02.016

  • Stein AF, Draxler RR, Rolph GD, Stunder BJB, Cohen MD, Ngan F (2015) NOAA’s HYSPLIT atmospheric transport and dispersion modeling system, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 96, 2059-2077, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-14-00110.1

  • Stoica C (1962) Atmospheric precipitation in anticyclonic conditions (in romanian). Culeg. de lucr. ale I.M. pe anul 1960, București.Google Scholar

  • Stăncescu I, Goți Virginia, Damian Doina (1986) Weather conditions on romanian territory during summer season enhance by the evolution of Azores ridges (in romanian). Culeg. de lucr. de meteorologie. I.M.H., București.Google Scholar

  • Triantafyllou A (2001) PM10 pollution episodes as a function of synoptic climatology in mountainous industrial area. Environ. Pollut. 112 (3), 491e500. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0269-7491(00)00131-7

  • Unga F, Cazacu MM, Timofte A, Bostan D, Mortier A, Dimitriu DG, Gurlui S, Goloub P (2013) Study of tropospheric aerosol types over Iasi, Romania, during summer of 2012. Environ. Eng. Manag. J. 12 (2), S. 297–303.Google Scholar

  • Vardoulakis S, Kassomenos P (2008) Sources and factors affecting PM10 levels in two European cities: implications for local air quality management. Atmos. Environ. 42 (17), 3949e3963. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2006.12.021

  • Wang W, Chen K, Wang S, Lee H, Tsai M (2009) Modeling atmospheric PM10 concentrations during severe pollution events in southern Taiwan. Atmos. Res. 92 (2), 159e171. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosres.2008.09.012

  • Wang F, Chen D, Cheng S, Li J, Li M, Ren Z (2010) Identification of regional atmospheric PM10 transport pathways using HYSPLIT, MM5-CMAQ and synoptic pressure pattern analysis. Environ. Model. Softw. 25 (8), 927e934. doi:10.1016/j.envsoft.2010.02.004Google Scholar

  • Zabalza J., Ogulei D., Hopke P. K.,Lee J. H., Hwang I., Querol X., Alastuey A., Santamaria J. S. M. (2006) Concentration and sources of PM10 and its constituents in Alsasua, Spain. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution (2006) 174: 385–404, DOI: 10.1007/s11270-006-9136-8.Google Scholar

  • Zibert J, Cedilnik J, Praznikar J (2016) Particulate matter (PM10), patterns in Europe: an exploratory data analysis using non-negative matrix factorization. Atmospheric Environment, 132, 217-228. DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2016.03.005Google Scholar

  • Zu Y, Huang L, Hu J, Zhao Z, Liu H, Zhang H, Ying Q, Chen M (2017) Investigation of relationships between meteorologica conditions and high PM10 pollution in a megacity in the western Yangtze river delta, China. Air Qual Atmos Health. doi: 10.1007/s11869-017-0472-1Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2018-11-14

Published in Print: 2018-10-01


Citation Information: Present Environment and Sustainable Development, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 47–69, ISSN (Online) 2284-7820, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/pesd-2018-0029.

Export Citation

© 2018 Lucian Sfîcă et al., published by Sciendo. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in