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Founded in 1846!

Philologus

Zeitschrift für antike Literatur und ihre Rezeption / A Journal for Ancient Literature and its Reception

Ed. by Föllinger, Sabine / Fuhrer, Therese / Reinhardt, Tobias / Stenger, Jan / Vöhler, Martin


CiteScore 2017: 0.06

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.116

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2196-7008
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Volume 157, Issue 2

Issues

DUE FRAMMENTI DI PARODIA FILOSOFICO-RELIGIOSA: I FRR. 582a–b E 583 B DELLE MENIPPEE DI VARRONE

Alessandra Rolle
  • Corresponding author
  • Université de Lausanne, Institut d’archéologie et des sciences de l’Antiquité, CH – 1015 Lausanne
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Published Online: 2014-01-09 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/phil.2013.0021

Abstract

This essay analyzes two Menippean fragments, quotations of Varro by Seneca and Tertullian respectively (frr. 583 and 582 a-b B., original text incertae sedis). The first of these describes the image of the Stoic god satirically as “round, without head, without prepuce.” This can be read as a caustic rebuttal of the main attributes of the god, such as are presented in fr. 583 B., there considered the rational origin of the whole. The latter fragment, fr. 582 a-b B. mentions a multitude of Ioves without heads and can be interpreted as an ironic reference to the Stoic view of the deity: the Stoic god is at the same time singular and multiple because it is the sole source of generation of the whole. The allusion to the acephalous character of the deities in both fragments suggests an attribution of the passages to the same, lost satire, where a discussion about the nature of the gods took place. In particular, the comparison with some passages of Cicero’s De Natura Deorum permits the identification of the speaker with an Epicurean philosopher who opposes the Stoic conception of the divine.

Keywords: Varro’s Menippean Satires; Stoic theology; philosophical parody; Cicero’s De Natura Deorum; intertextuality

About the article

Published Online: 2014-01-09

Published in Print: 2013-12-01


Citation Information: Philologus, Volume 157, Issue 2, Pages 283–290, ISSN (Online) 2196-7008, ISSN (Print) 0031-7985, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/phil.2013.0021.

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