Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Founded in 1846!

Philologus

Zeitschrift für antike Literatur und ihre Rezeption / A Journal for Ancient Literature and its Reception

Ed. by Föllinger, Sabine / Fuhrer, Therese / Reinhardt, Tobias / Stenger, Jan / Vöhler, Martin


CiteScore 2017: 0.06

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.116

Online
ISSN
2196-7008
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 159, Issue 2

Issues

Stative Historical Presents in Greek Tragedy: Are They Real?

Albert Rijksbaron
Published Online: 2015-11-04 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/phil-2015-0017

Abstract

In Philologus 156, 2012, Gerard Boter claimed that in Greek the historical present is not only found with telic, but also with atelic and durative verbs, like κεῖμαι ‘lie’. The latter possibility had been denied by e.g. Schwyzer/Debrunner (“nicht von Zuständen”) and Ruipérez (“des verbes comme εἰμί, κεῖμαι n’apparaissent jamais au présent historique”), and by the author of this paper. Boter’s claim especially concerned Greek tragedy. Using the material discussed by Boter the author argues that for a number of reasons Boter’s view should be rejected.

Keywords: Ancient Greek; historical present; actual present; messenger speeches; opening scenes; ἐναγώνιος

Bibliography

  • Aeschylus, The Tragedies, re-ed. with an English Commentary by F. A. Paley, London 1879.Google Scholar

  • Eschyle, Agamemnon, les Choéphores, les Euménides, texte établi et trad. par P. Mazon, Paris 71961.Google Scholar

  • Aeschylus, Oresteia, ed. and transl. by A. H. Sommerstein, Cambridge, MA/London 2008.Google Scholar

  • Denys d’Halicarnasse, Opuscules rhétoriques Tome I: Les orateurs antiques, texte établi et trad. par G. Aujac, Paris 1978.Google Scholar

  • Euripidis Tragoediae Septendecim, ed. A. Manutius, Venezia 1503.Google Scholar

  • Euripidis Phoenissae, ed. L. C. Valckenaer, Leiden 1755.Google Scholar

  • Euripidis Quae Extant Omnia, rec. S. Musgrave, Oxford 1778 (Phoen. in vol. I).Google Scholar

  • Euripides, Tragoediae, rec. G. Hermann, Leipzig 1831–1841 (Phoen. in vol. II, 1837).Google Scholar

  • Euripide, Hélène, Les Phéniciennes (Tome V), éd. H. Grégoire/L. Méridier/F. Chapouthier, Paris 1950.Google Scholar

  • Euripide, Le Cyclope, Alceste, Médée, les Héraclides, texte établi et trad. par L. Méridier, Paris 41956.Google Scholar

  • Euripides, Hippolytos, ed. with Introduction and Commentary by W. S. Barrett, Oxford 1964.Google Scholar

  • Euripides, Cyclops, Alcestis, Medea (vol. 1), Bacchae, Iphigenia at Aulis, Rhesus (vol. 2), Children of Heracles, Hippolytus, Andromache, Hecuba (vol. 3), Trojan Women, Iphigenia among the Taurians, Ion (vol. 4), Helen, Phoenician Women, Orestes (vol. 5), ed. and transl. by D. Kovacs, Cambridge, MA/London 1994–2008.Google Scholar

  • Euripides, Medea, ed. by D. J. Mastronarde, Cambridge 2002.Google Scholar

  • Homer, The Iliad, transl. by A. T. Murray, Cambridge, MA 1924.Google Scholar

  • Longinus, On the Sublime, transl. by A. O. Prickard, Oxford 1906.Google Scholar

  • Longinus, Over het verhevene, vertaald met inl. en opmerkingen door J. P. Hoogland, Groningen 1936.Google Scholar

  • Longine, Du Sublime, texte établi et traduit par H. Lebègue, Paris 1939.Google Scholar

  • Longinus, On Great Writing (On the Sublime), transl. by G. M. A. Grube, Indianapolis 1957.Google Scholar

  • Longinus, On the Sublime, transl. by W. H. Fyfe, Cambridge, MA 1965 (together with Aristotle, Poetics, and Demetrius, On Style, transl. by W. Rhys Roberts).Google Scholar

  • Longinus, On the Sublime, transl. by W. H. Fyfe, rev. by D. A. Russell, Cambridge, MA/London 1995 (together with Aristotle, Poetics, transl. by S. Halliwell, and Demetrius, On Style, transl. by D. C. Innes, based on W. Rhys Roberts).Google Scholar

  • Pseudo-Longinos, Vom Erhabenen, griechisch und deutsch von R. Brandt, Darmstadt 1966.Google Scholar

  • Nicander, Poems and Poetical Fragments, ed. with Translation and Notes by A. S. F. Gow/A. F. Schofield, Cambridge 1953.Google Scholar

  • Sophocle, Tragédies, Tomes 1–3, texte établi par A. Dain, et traduit par P. Mazon, Paris 1955–1960.Google Scholar

  • Sophocles, Electra, ed. by J. H. Kells, Cambridge 1973.Google Scholar

  • Sophoclis fabulae ed. H. Lloyd-Jones/N. G. Wilson, Oxford 1990.Google Scholar

  • Sophocles, Ajax, Electra, Oedipus Tyrannus (vol.1), Antigone, The Women of Trachis, Philoctetes, Oedipus at Colonus (vol. 2), ed. and transl. by H. Lloyd-Jones, Cambridge, MA/London 1994–1996.Google Scholar

  • Xenophon, Hellenica, Books I–V, transl. C. Brownson, Cambridge, MA 1918.Google Scholar

  • R. J. Allan, “Towards a Typology of the Narrative Modes in Ancient Greek: Text Types and Narrative Structure in Euripidean Messenger Speeches”, in: S. J. Bakker/G. C. Wakker (eds.), Discourse Cohesion in Ancient Greek, Leiden etc. 2009, 171–203.Google Scholar

  • W. Allan, Euripides, Helen, Cambridge 2008.Google Scholar

  • C. Austin/S. D. Olson, Aristophanes, Thesmophoriazusae, Oxford 2008.Google Scholar

  • E. Benveniste, “Le langage et l’expérience humaine”, in: Problèmes de linguistique générale 2, Paris 1974, 67–78 (orig. published in Diogène 51, 1965, 3–13).Google Scholar

  • G. Boter, “The historical present of atelic and durative verbs in Greek tragedy”, Philologus 156, 2012, 207–233.Google Scholar

  • L. Campbell, Sophocles, The Plays and Fragments, vol. 1–2, ed. with Notes and Introd., Oxford 1879–1881.Google Scholar

  • P. Delev/A. Sarian, “Erinys”, LIMC III 1, 1986, 826–843.Google Scholar

  • J. D. Denniston, The Greek Particles, Oxford 21954.Google Scholar

  • T. S. Dorsch, Classical Literary Critcism, Harmondsworth 1965 (transl. of Arist. Poet., Horatius AP, Longinus).Google Scholar

  • F. Ellendt/H. Genthe, Lexicon Sophocleum, Berlin 21872.Google Scholar

  • K. Eriksson, Das Praesens historicum in der nachklassischen griechischen Historiographie, Lund 1943.Google Scholar

  • R. C. Jebb, Sophocles, The Plays and Fragments, with Critical Notes, Commentary, and Translation in English Prose, Part III: The Antigone, Part V: The Trachiniae, Part VI: The Electra, Cambridge 1902–1908.Google Scholar

  • I. J. F. de Jong, Narrative in Drama. The Art of the Euripidean Messenger-Speech, Leiden etc. 1991.Google Scholar

  • –, “Γάρ Introducing Embedded Narratives”, in: A. Rijksbaron (ed.), New Approaches to Greek Particles, Amsterdam 1997, 175–187.Google Scholar

  • J. C. Kamerbeek, The Plays of Sophocles, Commentaries. Part II: The Trachiniae, Leiden 1970, Part V: The Electra, Leiden 1974.Google Scholar

  • C. H. M. Kroon, “Discourse Modes and the Use of Tenses in Ovid’s Metamorphoses”, in: R. J. Allan/M. Buijs (eds.), The Language of Literature. Linguistic Approaches to Classical Texts, Leiden etc. 2007, 65–92.Google Scholar

  • R. Kühner/B. Gerth, Ausführliche Grammatik der griechischen Sprache. II. Teil: Satzlehre, 2 Bände, Hannover 1898–1904.Google Scholar

  • D. J. Mastronarde, Euripides, Phoenissae, ed. with Introduction and Commentary, Cambridge 1994.Google Scholar

  • A. A. Nijk, “A Pragmatic Account of the Use of the Historic Present in De corona”, Mnemosyne 66, 2013, 365–389.Google Scholar

  • S. Ooms/C. de Jonge, “The Semantics of ΕΝΑΓΩΝΙΟΣ in Greek Literary Criticism”, CPh 108, 2013, 95–110.Google Scholar

  • W. Rhys Roberts, Longinus, On the Sublime, ed. with Introduction, Translation, Facsimiles and Appendices, Cambridge 21907.Google Scholar

  • A. Rijksbaron, “On False Historic Presents in Sophocles (and Euripides)”, in: I. J. F. de Jong/A. Rijksbaron (eds.), Sophocles and the Greek Language, Leiden etc. 2006, 127–149 (= Rijksbaron 2006a).Google Scholar

  • –, The Syntax and Semantics of the Verb in Classical Greek, Chicago 2006 (= Rijksbaron 2006b).Google Scholar

  • –, “Introduction”, in: J. Lallot/A. Rijksbaron/B. Jacquinod/M. Buijs (eds.), The Historical Present in Thucydides: Semantics and Narrative Function/Le présent historique chez Thucydide: Sémantique et fonction narrative, Leiden etc. 2011, 1–18.Google Scholar

  • M. S. Ruipérez, Structure du système des aspects et des temps du verbe en grec ancien, Paris 1982 (orig. publ. as Estructura del sistema de aspectos y tiempos del verbo griego antiguo, Salamanca 1954).Google Scholar

  • D. A. Russell, Longinus, On the Sublime, ed. with Introd. and Comm., Oxford 1964.Google Scholar

  • L. Schuren, Shared Storytelling in Euripidean Stichomythia, Leiden etc. 2015.Google Scholar

  • Ed. Schwyzer/A. Debrunner, Griechische Grammatik, 2. Band: Syntax und syntaktische Stilistik, München 1950.Google Scholar

  • C. M. J. Sicking/P. Stork, “The Grammar of the So-Called Historical Present”, in: E. J. Bakker (ed.), Grammar as Interpretation. Greek Literature in its Linguistic Contexts, Leiden etc. 1997, 131–169.Google Scholar

  • A. D. Trendall/T. B. L. Webster, Illustrations of Greek Drama, London 1971.Google Scholar

  • A. J. van Wolferen, Vertelde en gespeelde wereld. Taalkundige notities bij de openingen van Euripides’ tragedies (Narrated World and Scenic World. Linguistic Notes on the Opening Speeches of the Euripidean Tragedies, thesis VU University), Amsterdam 2003.Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2015-11-04

Published in Print: 2015-11-01


Citation Information: Philologus, Volume 159, Issue 2, Pages 224–250, ISSN (Online) 2196-7008, ISSN (Print) 0031-7985, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/phil-2015-0017.

Export Citation

© 2015 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston.Get Permission

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in