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formerly Central European Journal of Physics

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Volume 10, Issue 1 (Feb 2012)


Gwyddion: an open-source software for SPM data analysis

David Nečas
  • CEITEC — Central European Institute of Technology, Masaryk University Kamenice 753/5, 625 00, Brno, Czech Republic
  • Department of Physical Electronics, Faculty of Science, Masaryk University, Kotlářská 2, 61137, Brno, Czech Republic
  • Email:
/ Petr Klapetek
  • Department of Nanometrology, Czech Metrology Institute, Okružní 31, 638 00, Brno, Czech Republic
  • CEITEC — Central European Institute of Technology, Brno University of Technology, Technická 3058/10, 616 00, Brno, Czech Republic
  • Email:
Published Online: 2011-12-03 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11534-011-0096-2


In this article, we review special features of Gwyddion—a modular, multiplatform, open-source software for scanning probe microscopy data processing, which is available at http://gwyddion.net/. We describe its architecture with emphasis on modularity and easy integration of the provided algorithms into other software. Special functionalities, such as data processing from non-rectangular areas, grain and particle analysis, and metrology support are discussed as well. It is shown that on the basis of open-source software development, a fully functional software package can be created that covers the needs of a large part of the scanning probe microscopy user community.

Keywords: scanning probe microscopy; data processing

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About the article

Published Online: 2011-12-03

Published in Print: 2012-02-01

Citation Information: Open Physics, ISSN (Online) 2391-5471, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11534-011-0096-2. Export Citation

© 2011 Versita Warsaw. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)

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Juergen Lackner, Claudia Meindl, Christian Wolf, Alexander Fian, Clemens Kittinger, Marcin Kot, Lukasz Major, Caterina Czibula, Christian Teichert, Wolfgang Waldhauser, Annelie-Martina Weinberg, and Eleonore Fröhlich
Coatings, 2013, Volume 3, Number 4, Page 268
Ghislain Bugnicourt, Jacques Brocard, Alice Nicolas, and Catherine Villard
Langmuir, 2014, Volume 30, Number 15, Page 4441
Emanuela Torelli, Monica Marini, Sabrina Palmano, Luca Piantanida, Cesare Polano, Alice Scarpellini, Marco Lazzarino, and Giuseppe Firrao
Small, 2014, Volume 10, Number 14, Page 2918
Juan C. Cruz, Peter H. Pfromm, Robert Szoszkiewicz, and Mary E. Rezac
Process Biochemistry, 2014, Volume 49, Number 5, Page 830
Valery A. Postnikov, Yaroslav I. Odarchenko, Alexander V. Iovlev, Vladimir V. Bruevich, Alexander Yu. Pereverzev, Ludmila G. Kudryashova, Vladimir V. Sobornov, Loïc Vidal, Dmitry Chernyshov, Yuriy N. Luponosov, Oleg V. Borshchev, Nikolay M. Surin, Sergei A. Ponomarenko, Dimitri A. Ivanov, and Dmitry Yu. Paraschuk
Crystal Growth & Design, 2014, Volume 14, Number 4, Page 1726
Charles Meyer, Emily Cheng, and Gregory Triplett
Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology B: Microelectronics and Nanometer Structures, 2014, Volume 32, Number 2, Page 02C118
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Measurement Science and Technology, 2014, Volume 25, Number 4, Page 044009
M.V. Diamanti, T. Souier, M. Stefancich, M. Chiesa, and M.P. Pedeferri
Electrochimica Acta, 2014, Volume 129, Page 203
Blaire A. Sorenson, Daniel J. Westcott, Alexandra C. Sakols, J. Santoro Thomas, Perry Anderson, Emina A. Stojković, Stefan Tsonchev, and Kenneth T. Nicholson
MRS Proceedings, 2014, Volume 1652
Lee W. Hoffman, Gabriela Chilom, Swaminathan Venkatesan, and James A. Rice
Microscopy and Microanalysis, 2014, Volume 20, Number 02, Page 521
A. Portavoce, K. Hoummada, and F. Dahlem
Surface Science, 2014, Volume 624, Page 135
Tobias Timmel, Markus Schuelke, and Simone Spuler
Microscopy and Microanalysis, 2014, Volume 20, Number 02, Page 514
Muftah Al-Mahdawi and Masashi Sahashi
Applied Physics Letters, 2014, Volume 104, Number 3, Page 032405
Anna Maria Ferrero, Maria Migliazza, Andrea Spagnoli, and Michele Zucali
Engineering Fracture Mechanics, 2014, Volume 130, Page 42
Bezuayehu Teshome, Stefan Facsko, and Adrian Keller
Nanoscale, 2014, Volume 6, Number 3, Page 1790
E.L. Wood, T. Avant, G.S. Kim, S.K. Lee, Z. Burchman, J.M. Hughes, and F. Sansoz
Acta Materialia, 2014, Volume 66, Page 32
Elijah J. Petersen, Thomas Lam, Justin M. Gorham, Keana C. Scott, Christian J. Long, Deborah Stanley, Renu Sharma, J. Alexander Liddle, Bastien Pellegrin, and Tinh Nguyen
Carbon, 2014, Volume 69, Page 194
Massimo Vassalli, Francesca Sbrana, Alessandro Laurita, Massimiliano Papi, Nora Bloise, Livia Visai, and Brigida Bochicchio
Langmuir, 2013, Volume 29, Number 51, Page 15898
S. Nahar, M. Mohajeri, A. Schmets, A. Scarpas, M. van de Ven, and G. Schitter
Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2013, Volume 2370, Page 1
Kai M Beckwith and Pawel Sikorski
Biofabrication, 2013, Volume 5, Number 4, Page 045009
Tobias Peissker, Olivier Deschaume, Danielle R. Rand, Hans-Gerd Boyen, Thierry Conard, Margriet J. Van Bael, and Carmen Bartic
Langmuir, 2013, Volume 29, Number 49, Page 15328
M. Brehm, M. Grydlik, F. Schäffler, and O.G. Schmidt
Microelectronic Engineering, 2014, Volume 125, Page 22
Markus Kittelmann, Markus Nimmrich, Julia L. Neff, Philipp Rahe, Wojciech Greń, Xavier Bouju, André Gourdon, and Angelika Kühnle
The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2013, Volume 117, Number 45, Page 23868
Julian Stirling, Richard A. J. Woolley, and Philip Moriarty
Review of Scientific Instruments, 2013, Volume 84, Number 11, Page 113701
Sebastian Rohm, Ulrich Hirn, Christian Ganser, Christian Teichert, and Robert Schennach
Cellulose, 2014, Volume 21, Number 1, Page 237
Laura Pastorino, Elena Dellacasa, Silvia Scaglione, Massimo Giulianelli, Francesca Sbrana, Massimo Vassalli, and Carmelina Ruggiero
Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, 2014, Volume 114, Page 372
R Gago, L Vázquez, F J Palomares, F Agulló-Rueda, M Vinnichenko, V Carcelén, J Olvera, J L Plaza, and E Diéguez
Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 2013, Volume 46, Number 45, Page 455302
C Rodenbücher, W Speier, G Bihlmayer, U Breuer, R Waser, and K Szot
New Journal of Physics, 2013, Volume 15, Number 10, Page 103017
Peter Eaton, Clícia R. Bittencourt, Vladimir Costa Silva, Leiz M.C. Véras, Carlos H.N. Costa, Maria J. Feio, and José Roberto S.A. Leite
Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and Medicine, 2014, Volume 10, Number 2, Page 483
Erik Anderson, Vitali Grozovski, Liis Siinor, Carolin Siimenson, Vladislav Ivaništšev, Karmen Lust, Silvar Kallip, and Enn Lust
Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, 2013, Volume 709, Page 46
Masoud Asgari, Roy Johnsen, and Afrooz Barnoush
International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 2013, Volume 38, Number 35, Page 15520
Andrea Pica, Antonello Merlino, Alexander K. Buell, Tuomas P. J. Knowles, Elio Pizzo, Giuseppe D'Alessio, Filomena Sica, and Lelio Mazzarella
Acta Crystallographica Section D Biological Crystallography, 2013, Volume 69, Number 10, Page 2116
Angelo Peronio, Andrea Cepellotti, Stefano Marchini, Nasiba Abdurakhmanova, Carlo Dri, Cristina Africh, Friedrich Esch, Maria Peressi, and Giovanni Comelli
The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2013, Volume 117, Number 41, Page 21186
Fabio Biscarini, Quy Khac Ong, Cristiano Albonetti, Fabiola Liscio, Maria Longobardi, Kunal S. Mali, Artur Ciesielski, Javier Reguera, Christoph Renner, Steven De Feyter, Paolo Samorì, and Francesco Stellacci
Langmuir, 2013, Volume 29, Number 45, Page 13723
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Surface Topography: Metrology and Properties, 2013, Volume 1, Number 1, Page 015002
Quy Khac Ong, Javier Reguera, Paulo Jacob Silva, Mauro Moglianetti, Kellen Harkness, Maria Longobardi, Kunal S. Mali, Christoph Renner, Steven De Feyter, and Francesco Stellacci
ACS Nano, 2013, Volume 7, Number 10, Page 8529
Rahul Thakar, Anna E. Weber, Celeste A. Morris, and Lane A. Baker
The Analyst, 2013, Volume 138, Number 20, Page 5973
Stephanie L. Daniels, Phillip T. Sprunger, Orhan Kizilkaya, Darren A. Lytle, and Jayne C. Garno
Applied Surface Science, 2013, Volume 285, Page 823
Marcel Bokhove, Dennis Claessen, Wouter de Jong, Lubbert Dijkhuizen, Egbert J. Boekema, and Gert T. Oostergetel
Journal of Structural Biology, 2013, Volume 184, Number 2, Page 301
Matthew D. Moles, Colin A. Scotchford, and Alastair Campbell Ritchie
Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A, 2014, Volume 102, Number 7, Page 2356
Algernon T. Kelley, Wilson K. Serem, Stephanie L. Daniels, Lauren E. Englade-Franklin, Gregory Morrison, Nickolaus Flurry, Julia Y. Chan, and Jayne C. Garno
The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2013, Volume 117, Number 36, Page 18768
Erik J. Luber, Md Hosnay Mobarok, and Jillian M. Buriak
ACS Nano, 2013, Volume 7, Number 9, Page 8136
Aysun Güney and Nesrin Hasirci
Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 2014, Volume 131, Number 1, Page n/a
Aiden A. Martin, Matthew R. Phillips, and Milos Toth
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2013, Volume 5, Number 16, Page 8002
Iva Perovic, Trinanjana Mandal, and John Spencer Evans
Biochemistry, 2013, Volume 52, Number 33, Page 5696
C. Frank, J. Novák, A. Gerlach, G. Ligorio, K. Broch, A. Hinderhofer, A. Aufderheide, R. Banerjee, R. Nervo, and F. Schreiber
Journal of Applied Physics, 2013, Volume 114, Number 4, Page 043515
C A Nolph, J K Kassim, J A Floro, and P Reinke
Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, 2013, Volume 25, Number 31, Page 315801
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Review of Scientific Instruments, 2013, Volume 84, Number 7, Page 073704
Ştefan Ţălu and Sebastian Stach
Polymer Engineering & Science, 2014, Volume 54, Number 5, Page 1066
Zhengzheng Liao, Wan-Ting Hsieh, Tobias Baumgart, and Ivan J. Dmochowski
Langmuir, 2013, Volume 29, Number 30, Page 9420
Luisa Raimondo, Enrico Fumagalli, Massimo Moret, Marcello Campione, Alessandro Borghesi, and Adele Sassella
The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2013, Volume 117, Number 27, Page 13981
Joanna M. Grzyb, Katalin Solymosi, Kazimierz Strzałka, and Beata Mysliwa-Kurdziel
Journal of Plant Physiology, 2013, Volume 170, Number 14, Page 1217
P. D. Lane, D. S. Martin, D. Hesp, G. E. Isted, and R. J. Cole
Physical Review B, 2013, Volume 87, Number 24
P.A. Sauter and M. Balden
Journal of Nuclear Materials, 2013, Volume 440, Number 1-3, Page 257
Mattias Forslund, Christofer Leygraf, Changjian Lin, and Jinshan Pan
Corrosion, 2013, Volume 69, Number 5, Page 468
Marina Makarova, Swapan K. Mandal, Yuji Okawa, and Masakazu Aono
Langmuir, 2013, Volume 29, Number 24, Page 7334
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European Polymer Journal, 2013, Volume 49, Number 8, Page 1964
J.A. Warner, J.C. Polkinghorne, J. Gonerka, S. Meyer, B. Luo, C. Frethem, and G. Haugstad
Acta Biomaterialia, 2013, Volume 9, Number 7, Page 7335
Chiara Toccafondi, Ornella Cavalleri, Francesco Bisio, and Maurizio Canepa
Thin Solid Films, 2013, Volume 543, Page 78
R. Gago, F. Soldera, R. Hübner, J. Lehmann, F. Munnik, L. Vázquez, A. Redondo-Cubero, and J.L. Endrino
Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 2013, Volume 561, Page 87
Ron Shaar and Joshua M. Feinberg
Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 2013, Volume 14, Number 2, Page 407
Taru Deva, Nikolai Lorenzen, Brian S. Vad, Steen V. Petersen, Ida Thørgersen, Jan J. Enghild, Torsten Kristensen, and Daniel E. Otzen
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Proteins and Proteomics, 2013, Volume 1834, Number 3, Page 677
Song Ha T. Nguyen, Hayden K. Webb, Jafar Hasan, Mark J. Tobin, Russell J. Crawford, and Elena P. Ivanova
Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, 2013, Volume 106, Page 126
Peter Antony Premkumar, Sergey A. Starostin, Hindrik de Vries, Mariadriana Creatore, Paul M. Koenraad, and Mauritius C. M. van de Sanden
Plasma Processes and Polymers, 2013, Volume 10, Number 4, Page 313
Petr Klapetek, Loren Picco, Oliver Payton, Andrew Yacoot, and Mervyn Miles
Measurement Science and Technology, 2013, Volume 24, Number 2, Page 025006
S. Haviar, M. Dubau, I. Khalakhan, M. Vorokhta, I. Matolínová, V. Matolín, V. Valeš, J. Endres, V. Holý, M. Buljan, and S. Bernstorff
Journal of Applied Physics, 2013, Volume 113, Number 2, Page 024301
João B. Florindo, Mariana S. Sikora, Ernesto C. Pereira, and Odemir M. Bruno
Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, 2013, Volume 392, Number 7, Page 1694
Alfred Neuhold, Hannes Brandner, Simon J. Ausserlechner, Stefan Lorbek, Markus Neuschitzer, Egbert Zojer, Christian Teichert, and Roland Resel
Organic Electronics, 2013, Volume 14, Number 2, Page 479
Rahul Thakar, Rashid Zakeri, Celeste A. Morris, and Lane A. Baker
Analytical Methods, 2012, Volume 4, Number 12, Page 4353
Jeremiah J. Babcock and Lorenzo Brancaleon
International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, 2013, Volume 53, Page 42
Stephan E. Wolf, Ingo Lieberwirth, Filipe Natalio, Jean-Francois Bardeau, Nicolas Delorme, Franziska Emmerling, Raul Barrea, Michael Kappl, and Frédéric Marin
Faraday Discussions, 2012, Volume 159, Page 433
H. H. Pieper, C. Derks, M. H. Zoellner, R. Olbrich, L. Tröger, T. Schroeder, M. Neumann, and M. Reichling
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 2012, Volume 14, Number 44, Page 15361
Palma D’Antonio, Alessio Vincenzo Inchingolo, Giuseppe Perna, Vito Capozzi, Tiziana Stomeo, Massimo De Vittorio, Giovanni Magno, Marco Grande, Vincenzo Petruzzelli, and Antonella D’Orazio
Nanotechnology, 2012, Volume 23, Number 45, Page 455709
Dennis Harries, Kilian Pollok, and Falko Langenhorst
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 2013, Volume 102, Page 23
Annina Steinbach, Andrea Tautzenberger, Andreas Schaller, Andreas Kalytta-Mewes, Sebastian Tränkle, Anita Ignatius, and Dirk Volkmer
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2012, Volume 4, Number 10, Page 5196
Adam L. J. Olsson, Narasimhan Arun, Johannes S. Kanger, Henk J. Busscher, Ivan E. Ivanov, Terri A. Camesano, Yun Chen, Diethelm Johannsmann, Henny C. van der Mei, and Prashant K. Sharma
Soft Matter, 2012, Volume 8, Number 38, Page 9870
L. R. O. Hein, K. A. Campos, P. C. R. O. Caltabiano, and K. G. Kostov
Scanning, 2013, Volume 35, Number 3, Page 196
A. Redondo-Cubero, R. Gago, F. J. Palomares, A. Mücklich, M. Vinnichenko, and L. Vázquez
Physical Review B, 2012, Volume 86, Number 8
Timothy Miller, Jia-Ming Lin, Laurent Pirolli, Laurent Coquilleau, Rajesh Luharuka, and Andrew V. Teplyakov
Thin Solid Films, 2012, Volume 522, Page 193
Palma D Antonio, Maria Lasalvia, Giuseppe Perna, and Vito Capozzi
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Biomembranes, 2012, Volume 1818, Number 12, Page 3141
Giovanni Longo, Giuliano Pompeo, Judith Serra Moreno, Stefania Panero, Marco Girasole, Fabio Ronci, and Antonio Cricenti
Surface and Coatings Technology, 2012, Volume 207, Page 286
Peter Antony Premkumar, Sergey A. Starostin, Hindrik de Vries, Mariadriana Creatore, Paul M. Koenraad, William A. MacDonald, and Mauritius C. M. van de Sanden
Plasma Processes and Polymers, 2012, Volume 9, Number 11-12, Page 1194
Débora A. Campos, Alexandra C. Ribeiro, Eduardo M. Costa, João C. Fernandes, Freni K. Tavaria, Felipe Bastos Araruna, Carla Eiras, Peter Eaton, José Roberto S.A. Leite, and M. Manuela Pintado
Carbohydrate Polymers, 2012, Volume 90, Number 1, Page 270
Luis Rogerio de Oliveira Hein, Kamila Amato de Campos, and Pietro Carelli Reis de Oliveira Caltabiano
Micron, 2012, Volume 43, Number 10, Page 1039
Gillian B. Kaggwa, Prathima C. Nalam, Jason I. Kilpatrick, Nicholas D. Spencer, and Suzanne P. Jarvis
Langmuir, 2012, Volume 28, Number 16, Page 6589

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