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Paladyn, Journal of Behavioral Robotics

Editor-in-Chief: Schöner, Gregor

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CiteScore 2018: 2.17

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.336
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 1.707

ICV 2017: 99.90

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A receptionist robot for Brazilian people: study on interaction involving illiterates

Gabriele Trovato
  • Corresponding author
  • Faculty of Science and Engineering, Waseda University, #41-304, 17 Kikui-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-0044, Japan
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Josue G. Ramos
  • Center for Information Techonology Renato Archer - CTI Rodovia D. Pedro I (SP - 65), Campinas, 13069-901, Săo Paulo, Brazil
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Helio Azevedo
  • Center for Information Techonology Renato Archer - CTI Rodovia D. Pedro I (SP - 65), Campinas, 13069-901, Săo Paulo, Brazil
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/ Artemis Moroni
  • Center for Information Techonology Renato Archer - CTI Rodovia D. Pedro I (SP - 65), Campinas, 13069-901, Săo Paulo, Brazil
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Silvia Magossi
  • Center for Information Techonology Renato Archer - CTI Rodovia D. Pedro I (SP - 65), Campinas, 13069-901, Săo Paulo, Brazil
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/ Reid Simmons
  • Robotics Institute, School of Computer Science, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, United States of America
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/ Hiroyuki Ishii / Atsuo Takanishi
  • Department of Modern Mechanical Engineering, and with the Humanoid Robotics Institute (HRI), Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2017-05-11 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/pjbr-2017-0001


The receptionist job, consisting in providing useful indications to visitors in a public office, is one possible employment of social robots. The design and the behaviour of robots expected to be integrated in human societies are crucial issues, and they are dependent on the culture and society in which the robot should be deployed. We study the factors that could be used in the design of a receptionist robot in Brazil, a country with a mix of races and considerable gaps in economic and educational level. This inequality results in the presence of functional illiterate people, unable to use reading, writing and numeracy skills. We invited Brazilian people, including a group of functionally illiterate subjects, to interact with two types of receptionists differing in physical appearance (agent v mechanical robot) and in the sound of the voice (human like v mechanical). Results gathered during the interactions point out a preference for the agent, for the human-like voice and a more intense reaction to stimuli by illiterates. These results provide useful indications that should be considered when designing a receptionist robot, as well as insights on the effect of illiteracy in the interaction.

Keywords: Human-Robot Interaction; illiteracy; education; service robotics; socially assistive robotics; anthropomorphism; uncanny valley; receptionist


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About the article

Received: 2016-08-25

Accepted: 2017-03-14

Published Online: 2017-05-11

Published in Print: 2017-04-25

Citation Information: Paladyn, Journal of Behavioral Robotics, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 1–17, ISSN (Online) 2081-4836, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/pjbr-2017-0001.

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© 2017 Gabriele Trovato et al. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. BY-NC-ND 4.0

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