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Paladyn, Journal of Behavioral Robotics

Editor-in-Chief: Schöner, Gregor

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CiteScore 2018: 2.17

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.336
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 1.707

ICV 2018: 120.52

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Differences between young and old users when interacting with a humanoid robot: a qualitative usability study

Ronit Feingold-Polak
  • Recanati School for Community Health Professions, Department of Physical Therapy, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Avital Elishay / Yonat Shahar / Maayan Stein / Yael Edan / Shelly Levy-Tzedek
  • Corresponding author
  • Recanati School for Community Health Professions, Department of Physical Therapy, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel and Zlotowski Center for Neuroscience, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
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Published Online: 2018-08-22 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/pjbr-2018-0013


With the aging of the population worldwide, humanoid robots are being used with an older population, e.g., stroke patients and people with dementia. There is a growing body of knowledge on how people interact with robots, but limited information on the difference between young and old adults in their preferences when interacting with humanoid robots and what factors influence these preferences.We developed a gamified robotic platform of a cognitive-motor task.We conducted two experiments with the following aims: to test how age, location of touch interaction (touching the robot’s tablet or hand), and embodied presence of a humanoid robot affect the motivation of different age-group users to continue performing a cognitive-motor task. A total of 60 participants (30 old adults and 30 young adults) took part in two experiments with the humanoid Pepper robot (Softbank robotics). Both old and young adults reported they enjoyed the interaction with the robot as they found it engaging and fun, and preferred the embodied robot over the non-embodied computer screen. This study highlights that in order for the experience of the user to be positive a personalization of the interaction according to the age, the needs of the user, the characteristics, and the pace of the task is needed.

Keywords: socially assistive robots; human-robot interaction; old adults; young adults; aging; gamification; presence; embodiment; timing


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About the article

Received: 2017-12-29

Accepted: 2018-06-12

Published Online: 2018-08-22

Citation Information: Paladyn, Journal of Behavioral Robotics, Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 183–192, ISSN (Online) 2081-4836, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/pjbr-2018-0013.

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© 2018 Ronit Feingold-Polak, et al., published by De Gruyter. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. BY-NC-ND 4.0

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