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Polish Journal of Chemical Technology

The Journal of West Pomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin

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Volume 15, Issue 2


Determinants of water consumption in the dairy industry

Janusz Wojdalski
  • Corresponding author
  • Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Department of Production Management and Engineering, ul. Nowoursynowska 166, 02-787 Warszawa, Poland
  • ”Energy and Environment in the Dairy Industry” Scientific and Technical Association, pl. Cieszyński 1, 10-957 Olsztyn
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Bogdan Dróżdż
  • Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Department of Production Management and Engineering, ul. Nowoursynowska 166, 02-787 Warszawa, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Janusz Piechocki
  • University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Department of Electrical Engineering, Power Engineering, Electronics and Automation, ul. Michała Oczapowskiego 11, 10-736 Olsztyn, Poland
  • ”Energy and Environment in the Dairy Industry” Scientific and Technical Association, pl. Cieszyński 1, 10-957 Olsztyn
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Marek Gaworski
  • Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Department of Production Management and Engineering, ul. Nowoursynowska 166, 02-787 Warszawa, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Zygmunt Zander
  • University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Department of Process Engineering and Equipment, ul. Michała Oczapowskiego 7, 10-957 Olsztyn, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Jan Marjanowski
  • ”Energy and Environment in the Dairy Industry” Scientific and Technical Association, pl. Cieszyński 1, 10-957 Olsztyn
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2013-07-10 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/pjct-2013-0025

This paper analyzes the correlations between selected technical, process and production factors, equipment profiles and water consumption statistics in four types of dairy plants. Dairy plants were surveyed both individually and in groups. Water consumption was most highly correlated (r > 0.868) with equipment profiles. The highest water consumption was observed in dairy plants operating milk powder departments. In those plants, organization and production factors could significantly reduce water consumption levels because in addition to milk powder, those plants also supplied eight other products. The indicators of water consumption per unit of the final product were correlated (at 0.820 > | r | > 0.663) with equipment profiles, the degree of process automation and employment. Variations in water consumption per unit of the final product were best explained in small plants supplying several products. The presented equations can be used to optimize water demand of various types of equipment and to determine the correlations with energy consumption for wastewater treatment. Our results can contribute to the development of water consumption models in dairy plants and the implementation of clean production standards.

Keywords : dairy industry; water consumption; environment

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About the article

Published Online: 2013-07-10

Published in Print: 2013-07-01

Citation Information: Polish Journal of Chemical Technology, Volume 15, Issue 2, Pages 61–72, ISSN (Online) 1899-4741, ISSN (Print) 1509-8117, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/pjct-2013-0025.

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