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Polish Journal of Food and Nutrition Sciences

The Journal of Institute of Animal Reproduction and Food Research of Polish Academy of Sciences in Olsztyn

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Volume 64, Issue 2

A Comprehensive Study on Antioxidant Properties of Crude Extracts from Fruits of Berberis vulgaris L., Cornus mas L. and Mahonia aquifolium Nutt.

Katarzyna Pyrkosz-Biardzka
  • Department of Physics and Biophysics, Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, 50–375 Wroclaw, Norwida 25, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
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/ Alicja Z. Kucharska
  • 2 Department of Fruit, Vegetable and Cereal Technology, Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Chełmańskiego 37/41, 51–300 Wrocław, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Anna Sokół-Łętowska
  • Department of Fruit, Vegetable and Cereal Technology, Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Chełmańskiego 37/41, 51–300 Wrocław, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Paulina Strugała
  • Department of Physics and Biophysics, Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, 50–375 Wroclaw, Norwida 25, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Janina Gabrielska
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Physics and Biophysics, Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, 50–375 Wroclaw, Norwida 25, Poland
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Published Online: 2014-05-27 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10222-012-0097-x


The antioxidant capacity of methanolic crude extracts of Berberis vulgaris L., Cornus mas L. and Mahonia aquifolium Nutt. was tested with the thiobarbituric acid reactive substances formation assay, the ferric reducing power (FRAP) and 2,2-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH•) radical scavenging assay. The content of antioxidant components in the extracts, their partition coefficient on 1-octanol:water and affinity to liposome membranes were determined as well. The results show that the IC50 parameter connected with the antioxidant activity on phosphatidylcholine liposome membrane decreased as follows: B. vulgaris (0.14±0.01 mg/mL) > M. aquifolium (0.34±0.03 mg/mL) > C. mas (1.13±0.01 mg/mL) for AAPH-induced oxidation and M. aquifolium (0.29±0.03 mg/mL) > C. mas (1.24±0.07 mg/mL) > B. vulgaris (1.50±0.05 mg/mL) for Fe(II)/ascorbic acid-induced oxidation, and M. aquifolium (2.35±0.10 mg/mL) > B. vulgaris (2.69±0.04 mg/mL) > C. mas (6.17±0.06 mg/mL) for UVC irradiation. All the extracts exhibited the ability to quench DPPH• and to reduce Fe(III) ions to Fe(II) via redox reaction. The content of active components in the extracts, the partition coefficient and extracts affinity to membranes correlated well with their antioxidant activities. This study has shown that fruits of B. vulgaris, M. aquifolium and C. mas, from which the extracts were obtained, are attractive for consumption and can potentially be used in production of new processed fruit.

Keywords: plant extracts; lipid peroxidation; antioxidative protection; antiradical properties; partition coefficient


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About the article

Received: 2012-10-26

Revised: 2013-03-26

Accepted: 2013-05-23

Published Online: 2014-05-27

Published in Print: 2014-06-01

Citation Information: Polish Journal of Food and Nutrition Sciences, Volume 64, Issue 2, Pages 91–99, ISSN (Online) 2083-6007, ISSN (Print) 1230-0322, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10222-012-0097-x.

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© by Janina Gabrielska. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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