Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Psychology of Language and Communication

1 Issue per year


CiteScore 2016: 0.24

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.200
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.380

Open Access
Online
ISSN
2083-8506
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Strategies to Discredit Opponents: Russian Presentations of Events in Countries of the Former Soviet Union

Ludmilla A’Beckett
  • Corresponding author
  • School of Languages, Cultures and Linguistics, Monash University, Building 11 A, Clayton, Vic 3800, Australia
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2013-09-06 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/plc-2013-0009

Abstract

Discourse in this paper is represented by the totality of texts (Koller, 2004, p. 18) covering events in former Soviet republics such as Ukraine, Georgia and the Baltic countries. Over 100 texts have been collected from the most popular Russian newspapers, Argumenty i Fakty and Komsomol’skaia Pravda, between 2004 and 2010 in order to compile a “discourse of Russian satellites.” Even though the contemporary Russian press avoids the totalitarian habits of Soviet times such as monoglossia, dysphemisms (language of insults), sanctions and social commands, it still attempts to exercise control over the formation of readers’ opinions. The Russian press tries to channel the reaction of their audience toward disapproval of independent nations. The objective of this article is to summarize those narrative techniques which generate negative responses toward sovereign countries of the former Soviet Union. These techniques, which are called “strategies for discrediting opponents,” include sourcing favorable and unfavorable opinions, humorous framing, ironic statements and constructing a negative background. The means of control are subtle, but they are no less effective than through direct coercion.

Keywords: appraisal theory; discourse strategies; negative perception; dialogic perspectives; humor; metaphor; Russian press

  • A’Beckett, L. (2012). The play of voices in metaphor discourse: A case study of “NATIONS ARE BROTHERS”. Metaphor and Symbol, 27 (2), 171-194.Google Scholar

  • A’Beckett, L. (2009a). Appraisal in the Russian Press: The characterization of the Ukrainian leaders. RAEL: revista electrónica de lingüística aplicada, 8, 2009, 102-119. Can be accessed at: http://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/revista?codigo=6978Google Scholar

  • A’Beckett, L. (2009b). Onomastic allusions in the Russian press: Multiple facets of the Russian terminator. In S. Birzer, M. Finkelstein, & I. Mendoza (Eds.), Proceedings of the Second International Perspectives on Slavistics Conference,Regensburg 2006 (pp. 3-16). Munich: Otto Sagner.Google Scholar

  • A’Beckett, L. (2008). Political myths on the Ukrainian orange revolution in Russian public discourse. Monash University Linguistics Papers, 6 (1), 3-18.Google Scholar

  • A’Beckett, L. (2007). The stance of Russian mass media on the Ukrainian Orange Revolution. Transcultural Studies: A Series in Interdisciplinary Research, 2-3 (2006-2007), 217-244.Google Scholar

  • Anderson, R.D. (2001). Metaphors of dictatorship and democracy: Change in the Russian political lexicon and the transformation of Russian politics. SlavicReview, 60 (2), 312-335.Google Scholar

  • Attardo, S. & Raskin, V. (1991). Script theory revis(it)ed: Joke similarity and joke representation model. Humor: The International Journal of Humor Research, 4 (3/4), 293-347.Google Scholar

  • BBC Monitoring (2008). The press in Russia. In BBC News, Europe, 16 May 2008. Available (accessed 1 October 2010): http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/4315129.stm.Google Scholar

  • Bednarek, M. (2006). Evaluation in Media Discourse: Analysis of a NewspaperCorpus. London: Continuum.Google Scholar

  • Besemeres, J. (2010a). Ukraine: A sharp turn eastwards? ANU Centre for EuropeanStudies Briefing Paper Series, 1 (1), 1-24.Google Scholar

  • Besemeres, J. (2010b). Can Poland and Russia get along at last? Quadrant, 54 (9), 50-57.Google Scholar

  • Blommaert, J. & Verschueren, J. (1998). Debating Diversity: Analysing the Discourseof Tolerance. London: Routledge.Google Scholar

  • Bloor, M. & Bloor, T. (2007). The Practice of Critical Discourse Analysis: An Introduction. New York: Hodder Arnold.Google Scholar

  • Brown, P. & Levinson, S. (1987). Politeness: Some Universals in Language Usage.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

  • Braiker, H.B. (2001). The Disease to Please. New York: McGraw Hill.Google Scholar

  • Budaev, E.V. & Chudinov, A.P. (2009). Linguisticheskaia Sovetologiya [LinguisticSovetology]. Yekaterinburg: Ural’skiy Pedagogicheskiy Institut (in Russian).Google Scholar

  • Budaev, E.V. & Chudinov, A.P. (2006). Sovremennaia Politicheskaia Lingistika. [Contemporary Political Linguistics]. Yekaterinburg: Ural’skiy Pedagogicheskiy Institut (in Russian).Google Scholar

  • Burridge, K. (2004). Weeds in the Garden of Words. Sydney: ABC.Google Scholar

  • Burridge, K. (2002). Blooming English. Sydney: ABC.Google Scholar

  • Cameron, L. & Maslen, R. (Eds.) (2010). Metaphor Analysis. London: Equinox.Google Scholar

  • Giora, R. (2003). On Our Mind: Salience, Context and Figurative Language. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

  • Gumperz, J. (1982). Discourse Strategies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

  • Grant, L. (2001). People Who Make Your Life Hell. Sydney: Simon & Schuster.Google Scholar

  • Horvath, R. (2011). Putin’s ‘preventive counter-revolution’: Post-Soviet authoritarianism and the spectre of velvet revolution. Europe-Asia Studies, 63 (1), 1-25.Google Scholar

  • Hudson, K. (1997). The Dictionary of Diseased English. London: Macmillan Press.Google Scholar

  • Inkeles, A. (1950). Public Opinion in Soviet Russia: A Study in Mass Persuasion. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar

  • Koller, V. (2004). Metaphor and Gender in Business Media Discourse: A CriticalCognitive Study. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar

  • Kostomarov V.G. & Burvikova, N.D. (2001). Starye Mehi i Molodoe Vino. Iz Nablyudeniyza Russkim Slovoupotrebleniem Kontsa XX Veka [Old Wine and NewBottles: Some Observation on Russian Word Usage at the End of 20th Century]. Saint Petersburg: Zlatoust (in Russian).Google Scholar

  • Lakoff, G. & Johnson, M. (1980). Metaphors We Leave By. Chicago: Chicago University Press.Google Scholar

  • Littlemore, J. & Low, G. (2006). Figurative Thinking and Foreign Language Learning. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar

  • Maples, D. (2011). Russia and Ukraine: A new stage in the gas war. Posted 11.09.2011. Can be accessed at: http://ukraineanalysis.wordpress.com/2011/09/11/russiaand-ukraine-a-new-stage-in-the-gas-war/.Google Scholar

  • Martin, J.R. & White, P.R.R. (2005). The Language of Evaluation: Appraisal inEnglish. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar

  • Musolff, A. (2006). Metaphor scenarios in public discourse. Metaphor and Symbol, 21 (1), 23-38.Google Scholar

  • Musolff, A. (2004). Metaphor and Political Discourse. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar

  • Peters, R. (2011). Tsar quality is Putin’s dangerous asset. The Australian, 3.10.2011.Google Scholar

  • Raskin, V. (1985). Semantic Mechanisms of Humour. Dordrecht: D. Reidel.Google Scholar

  • Ritchie, L.D. (2006).Context and Connection in Metaphor. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Thompson, G. & Hunston, S. (2000). Evaluation: An introduction. In S. Hunston & G. Thompson (Eds.), Evaluation in Text (pp. 1-28). Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

  • Van Dijk, T. & Kintsch, W. (1983). Strategies of Discourse Comprehension. London: Academic Press.Google Scholar

  • Weiss, D. (2007). Stalinistskiy i Natsional-Sotsialisticheskiy Diskursy Propagandy: Sravnenie v Pervom Priblizhenii [The Stalinist and National-Socialist discourses of propaganda: A primary approach in comparison]. Politicheskaialinguistika, 2007 (3), 34-60 (in Russian).Google Scholar

  • Weiss, D. (2008a). Zhivotnye v Sovetskoi Propagande [Animals in the Soviet propaganda]. Politicheskaia linguistika, 2008 (2), 19-35 (in Russian).Google Scholar

  • Weiss, D. (2008b). “Parazity, Padal’, Musor. Obraz Vraga v Sovetskoi Propagande”. [Parasites, carrion, trash. The image of enemy in the Soviet propaganda]. Politicheskaia linguistika, 2008 (1), 16-22 (in Russian).Google Scholar

  • Weiss, D. (2009). Zhivotnye v Sovetskoi Propagande. Chast’ 2 [Animals in the Soviet propaganda. Part 2]. Politicheskaia linguistika, 2009 (1), 39-46 (in Russian).Google Scholar

  • Zemtsov, I. 1984.Manipulation of a language. The lexicon of Soviet Political Terms. Fairfax: Hero Books. Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2013-09-06

Published in Print: 2013-09-01


Citation Information: Psychology of Language and Communication, ISSN (Print) 1234-2238, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/plc-2013-0009.

Export Citation

This content is open access.

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in