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Psychology of Language and Communication

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Age and Gender Effects on Motivation and Attitudes in German Learning: The Polish Context

Jan E. Okuniewski
Published Online: 2014-12-30 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/plc-2014-0017


The research investigates the German language learning motivations of Polish secondary school students and university students. Questionnaire data were collected from 247 students (126 from secondary school and 121 from university). The aim of this research was to examine the relationships among language attitudes, instrumental, cultural interest, integrative, L2 self and motivated learning. The results show the existence of age and gender difference in variables under consideration. Relationships were found between age and gender to the motivational attitudes: older and female students had a more integrative attitude than younger and mail students and experienced more intensive motivation.

Keywords: language learning; age; gender; second language motivation; language attitudes; German language


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About the article

Published Online: 2014-12-30

Published in Print: 2014-11-01

Citation Information: Psychology of Language and Communication, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 251–262, ISSN (Online) 2083-8506, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/plc-2014-0017.

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© by Jan E. Okuniewski. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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