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Psychology of Language and Communication

The Journal of University of Warsaw

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Validity and Reliability of the Polish Adaptation of the Ruff Figural Fluency Test

Emilia Łojek
  • Corresponding author
  • Faculty of Psychology, University of Warsaw, Stawki 5/7, 00-183 Warsaw, Poland
  • Email:
/ Joanna Stańczak
  • Psychological Test Laboratory of Polish Psychological Association
/ Agnieszka Wójcik
  • University of Warsaw
/ Bernice Marcopulos
  • James Madison University, Harrisonburg
Published Online: 2015-05-29 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/plc-2015-0005


Normative studies of the Polish adaptation of Th e Ruff Figural Fluency Test (RFFT) were conducted on 475 men and women aged 16-79, taking into consideration such factors as gender, education, and place of residence. Clinical studies were also performed on a group of patients with left -, right-, or bilateral hemispheric brain lesions, Parkinson’s disease, Huntingon’s disease, progressive obturational lung disease, dementia and depression. Th e results support the utility of the RFFT as a measure of executive functions. Th e validity and reliability indices of the Polish version of the test are similar to those reported by Ruff (1996). However, the sample Polish test performance differs notably from American samples performance and this difference is discussed.

Keywords: RFFT; Polish adaptation; validity; reliability


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About the article

Published Online: 2015-05-29

Published in Print: 2015-05-01

Citation Information: Psychology of Language and Communication, ISSN (Online) 2083-8506, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/plc-2015-0005. Export Citation

© by Emilia Łojek. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)

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